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Table 1 Patients’ Baseline Socio-demographic and Clinical Characteristics (n = 44)

From: The combined diabetes and renal control trial (C-DIRECT) - a feasibility randomised controlled trial to evaluate outcomes in multi-morbid patients with diabetes and on dialysis using a mixed methods approach

Measure C-DIRECT (n = 20) UC (n = 24) Total Sample (N = 44)
Age in years 61.8 ± 9.4 63.3 ± 8.0 62.6 ± 8.6
Males 12 (60%) 9 (38%) 21 (48%)
Ethnicity
 Chinese 13 (65%) 7 (29%) 20 (46%)
 Malay 6 (30%) 17 (71%) 23 (52%)
 Indian 1 (5%) 0 1 (2%)
Education (years) 6.7 ± 4.1 6.65 ± 2.7 6.9 ± 3.4
Income
  < $2000 12 (60%) 7 (29%) 19 (43%)
  ≥ $2000 6 (30%) 4 (17%) 10 (23%)
 Don’t know/ do not wish to answer 2 (10%) 13 (54%) 15 (35%)
Relationship status
 Married 13 (65%) 15 (63%) 28 (64%)
Employment Status
 Employed 3 (15%) 2 (8%) 5 (12%)
Living arrangement
 1–2 room HDBg flat 4 (20%) 6 (25%) 10 (23%)
 3–4 room HDBg flat 14 (70%) 18 (75%) 32 (73%)
 5 room HDBg/ executive/maisonette 2 (10%) 0 2 (5%)
Current housing
 With family 17 (85%) 23 (96%) 40 (91%)
 Alone/others 3 (15%) 1 (4%) 4 (9%)
Age of diagnosis for diabetes 42.1 ± 12.0a 44.12 ± 12.4c 43.19 ± 12.1e
 Duration of diabetes (months) 19.73 ± 10.2a 18.38 ± 9.1b 19.03 ± 9.5f
 Age of diagnosis of CKD 51.44 ± 13.42b 58.24 ± 10.46d 55.3 ± 12.15
 Duration on dialysis in years 4.37 ± 3.64 4.14 ± 2.99 4.24 ± 3.26
 Charlson’s Comorbidity Index (CCI) 7.5 ± 1.40 7.13 ± 1.23  
 Required assistance with survey 17 (85%) 23 (96%) 40 (91%)
  1. Note: Means are presented in M ± SD
  2. an = 15, bn = 16, cn = 17, dn = 21, en = 32, fn = 31
  3. gHousing Development Board