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Table 3 Complications arising in children presenting for the first time with Nephrotic syndrome, with and without focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), n = 342 (missing information for 4 patients)

From: Clinical course & management of childhood nephrotic syndrome in Germany: a large epidemiological ESPED study

   FSGS No FSGS p-value
Peritonitis No 22 (6.5%) 317 (93.5%) 339  
  Yes 1 (33.3%) 2 (66.7%) 3 0.189
Phlegmon No 22 (6.5%) 318 (93.5%) 340  
  Yes 1 (50.0%) 1 (50.0%) 2 0.130
Sepsis No 23 (6.8%) 316 (93.2%) 339  
  Yes   3 (100.0%) 3 1.000
Lower Respiratory Tract Infection No 20 (6.2%) 300 (93.8%) 320  
  Yes 3 (13.6%) 19 (86.4%) 22 0.176
Urinary Tract Infection No 20 (6.0%) 315 (94.0%) 335  
  Yes 3 (42.9%) 4 (57.1%) 7 0.008
Upper Respiratory Tract Infection No 22 (6.7%) 308 (93.3%) 330  
  Yes 1 (8.3%) 11 (91.7%) 12 0.572
Varizella Zoster Virus infection No 22 (6.5%) 317 (93.5%) 339  
  Yes 1 (33.3%) 2 (66.6%) 3 0.189
Acute Renal Failure No 22 (6.7%) 305 (93.3%) 327  
  Yes 1 (6.7%) 14 (93.3%) 15 1.000
Arterial hypertension No 14 (4.5%) 294 (95.5%) 308  
  Yes 9 (26.5%) 25 (73.5%) 34 < 0.001
Hypothyroidism No 20 (6.2%) 305 (93.8%) 325  
  Yes 3 (17.6%) 14 (82.4%) 17 0.097
Thrombosis No 23 (6.7%) 318 (93.3%) 341  
  Yes   1 (100%) 1 1.000
Vasculitis No 23 (6.7%) 318 (93.3%) 341  
  Yes   1 1 1.000