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Table 3 The expression of IL-1β, TNF-α, and ICAM-1 after different kinds of operations

From: Uric acid regulates NLRP3/IL-1β signaling pathway and further induces vascular endothelial cells injury in early CKD through ROS activation and K+ efflux

Cytokines Sham CKD CKD + OXO CKD + OXO + ALLO
IL-1β (pg/mL) 42.38 ± 7.96 45.72 ± 8.13 88.73 ± 5.64* 47.25 ± 6.14#
TNF-a (ng/mL) 163.70 ± 10.83 174.20 ± 11.24 293.10 ± 12.31* 183.60 ± 14.28#
ICAM-1 (ng/mL) 284.10 ± 22.64 311.50 ± 27.83 592.18 ± 98.20* 328.70 ± 76.12#
  1. *, compared with group A or proupB, p < 0.05; #, compared with group C, p < 0.05