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Table 1 Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of the study population

From: Atherosclerotic vascular disease is more prevalent among black ESKD patients on long-term CAPD in South Africa

Parameter CKD (n = 40) CAPD (n = 40) HD (n = 40) Controls (n = 41)
Age 41.0 (36.0–51.5) 39.5 (35.0–46.5) 40.5 (36.0–49.0) 41.0 (29.0–48.0)
DOD (years)   3.0 (1.5–4.0) 3.0 (2.0–6.5)  
Gender (n/%)
 Female 20 (50.0) 19 (47.5) 18 (45.0) 23 (56.1)
 Male 20 (50.0) 21 (52.5) 22 (55.0) 18 (43.9)
BMI
  < 30 kg/m2 19 (47.5) 31 (77.5) 32 (80.0) 25 (61.0)
  > 30 kg/m2 21 (52.5) 9 (22.5) 8 (20.0) 16 (39.0)
WHR
 Normal 12 (30.0) 9 (22.5) 15 (37.5) 28 (68.3)
 Increased 28 (70.0) 31 (72.5) 25 (62.5) 13 (31.7)
Hypertensiona
 Absent 15 (37.5) 12 (30) 17 (17.5) 34 (82.9)
 Present 25 (62.5) 28 (70) 33 (82.5) 7 (17.1)
SCr (μmol/l) 124 (106–166) 1175 (878–1345) 513 (405–712 80 (63–89)
Albumin (g/l) 41.5 (38.5–44.0) 35.5 (33.0–40.0) 38.5 (35.0–41.0) 44.0 (42.0–45.0)
TC (mmol/l)
  < 5.17 31 (77.5) 19 (47.5) 40 (100) 36 (87.8)
  > 5.17 9 (22.5) 21 (52.5) 0 5 (12.2)
LDL
  < 2.59 19 (47.5) 14 (35.0) 36 (90.0) 21 (51.2)
  > 2.59 21 (52.5) 26 (65.0) 4 (10.0) 20 (48.8)
HDLb
 Low 30 (75.0) 21 (52.5) 15 (37.5) 23 (56.1)
 Normal 10 (25.0) 19 (47.5) 25 (62.5) 18 (43.9)
SU (n/%)
 Yes 7 (17.5) 14 (35.0) 7 (17.5)  
 No 33 (82.5) 26 (65.0) 33 (82.5)  
AAU (n/%)
 Yes 7 (17.5) 11 (27.5) 8 (20.0)  
 No 33 (82.5) 29 (72.5) 32 (80.0)  
PBU (n/%)
 Yes 2 (5.0) 32 (80.0) 32 (80.0)  
 No 38 (95.0) 8 (20.0) 8 (20.0)  
AsVD (n/%)
 Absent 21 (52.5) 12 (30.0) 21 (52.5) 34 (82.9)
 Present 19 (47.5) 28 (70.0) 19 (47.5) 7 (17.1)
  1. CKD Chronic kidney disease, PD Peritoneal dialysis, HD Haemodialysis, DOD Duration on dialysis, BMI Body mass index, WHR Waist-hip ratio, TC Total cholesterol, LDL-C Low density cholesterol, HDL-C High density cholesterol, SU Statin use, AAU ACE-I / ARB (angiotensin converting enzyme / angiotensin receptor blocker) use, PBU Phosphate binder use (calcium carbonate), AsVD Atherosclerotic vascular disease; aSystolic blood pressure >  140 mmHg ± diastolic blood pressure > 90 mmHg, Low HDL-C = < 1.03 in male and < 1.29 mmol/l in female
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