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Table 2 Acute kidney injury rates (per 1000 person-years) by covariables (non-missing)

From: Estimating the risk of acute kidney injury associated with use of diuretics and renin angiotensin aldosterone system inhibitors: A population based cohort study using the clinical practice research datalink

 Exposed (n = 70,476)Unexposed (n = 70,476)
OverallRate (95% CI)1   Rate (95% CI)   
2.54 (2.34–2.76)   1.7 (1.53–1.89)   
GenderMaleFemale  MaleFemale  
2.84 (2.56–3.15)2.18 (1.91–2.48)  1.8 (1.57–2.07)1.57 (1.33–1.84)  
Age at Exposure< 6565–74> = 75 < 6565–74> = 75 
1.82 (1.6–2.08)2.8 (2.41–3.24)4.35 (3.75–5.03) 1.22 (1.03–1.45)1.82 (1.51–2.2)2.99 (2.46–3.563) 
Diagnosis to Exposure<  30 days30–179180–364> = 365<  30 days30–179180–364> = 365
2.24 (1.95–2.59)3.04 (2.45–3.77)3.26 (2.41–4.41)2.56 (2.28–2.89)2.21 (1.62–3.03)1.54 (1.28–1.84)2.14 (1.54–2.98)1.65 (1.41–1.93)
# Medications1> = 2  1> = 2  
2.14 (1.89–2.42)2.98 (2.67–3.31)  1.71 (1.53–1.92)1.61 (1.22–2.13)  
# GP Consultation< 1010–1920–29> = 30< 1010–1920–29> = 30
1.9 (1.61–2.24)2.31 (2–2.66)3.12 (2.62–3.72)3.9 (3.27–4.64)1.18 (0.93–1.49)1.57 (1.32–1.88)2.01 (1.6–2.52)2.71 (2.17–3.37)
Systolic Blood Pressure<  120120–139140–159> = 160<  120120–139140–159> = 160
4.663.182.192.191.371.771.731.34
SmokingYesNoEx Yes (%)No (%)Ex (%) 
2.632.053.01 2.091.491.73 
GFR> = 6045–59<  45 > = 6045–59<  45 
2.32.67.41 1.541.925.33 
# Chronic Conditions1> = 2  1> = 2  
2.27 (2.06–2.50)3.61 (3.10–4.19)  1.58 (1.40–1.77)2.64 (2.06–3.40)  
  1. 1 Numbers in brackets are 95% confidence intervals