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Table 2 Examined oral health parameters and the main results of oral conditions if they were presented as the mean values ± standard deviation, mean (range) or percentage in the included studies

From: Oral health-related quality of life in adult patients with end-stage kidney diseases undergoing renal replacement therapy – a systematic review

Author, yearTooth loss, remaining teeth, denturesDental diseases, caries, dental treatment needOral hygiene indicesPeriodontal parameters, periodontal treatment needFurther oral health parameters
Guzeldemir et al. 200 9[17]M-T: 6.53 ± 7.16n/aPI: 2.21 ± 0.66, GI: 1.24 ± 0.77PPD: 2.21 ± 0.66, BOP: 33.51 ± 24.58n/a
Hajian-Tilaki et al. 2014 [18]M-T: 10.06 ± 7.30/6.56 ± 6.51 depending on DM, edentulous: 34.5%, dentures: 44.8%DMF-T: 15.47 ± 7.85PI: 2.03 ± 0.95, poor oral hygiene: 66.3%PDI: 4.09 ± 1.32Dry mouth: 51.7%, taste change: 35.2%, halitosis: 40%
Pakpour et al. 2015 [19]M-T: 11.71 ± 7.68D-T: 0.91 ± 1.93, F-T: 7.37 ± 8.02, DMF-T: 20.06 ± 11.16GI: 1.59 ± 0.97, PI: 1.92 ± 1.28CPI: 2.34 ± 1.12n/a
Schmalz et al. 2016 [20]HD: M-T: 9.28 ± 6.49
KTx: M-T: 7.15 ± 6.21
HD: DMF-T: 20.43 ± 5.85, D-T: 2.29 ± 4.13, F-T: 8.86 ± 5.30
KTx: DMF-T: 17.41 ± 5.51, D-T 0.74 ± 0.43, F-T: 9.51 ± 4.23
n/aHD: Periodontitis: 96.6%
KTx: Periodontitis: 87.2%
n/a
Lopez-Pintor et al. 2017 [21]denture wearing: 34%n/an/an/aUWS: 0.16 ± 0.17, SWS: 1.12 ± 0.64, xerostomia VAS: 38.30 ± 15.07
Lira E Silva et al. 2017 [28]dentures: 39.8%DMF-T: 22.68 ± 8.37n/an/aNo dental visit for 3 years: 44.7%, toothache in previous 6 months: 18.1%, mucosa alterations: 45.6%
Rodakowska et al. 2018 [22]18% edentulous, number of teeth < 20: 76.4%dental treatment need: 51.4%PI > 1: 76.3%, GI > 1: 54.2%, OHI-S > 1.2: 60.9%n/aChewing ability: 30.6%, dry mouth: 58.3%
Camacho-Alonso et al. 2018 [23]number of teeth: 18.25 ± 9.32n/an/ableeding index: 33.98 ± 33.28, CPITN: 1.43 ± 1.48, PPD: 1.86 ± 1.12, CAL: 1.62 ± 0.85, number of pockets ≥4 mm: 0.58 ± 2.02, number of pockets ≥6 mm: 0.50 ± 1.73, moderate-severe periodontitis: 36.3%UWS: 6.11 ± 6.11 ml/15 min
Schmalz et al. 2018 [24]remaining teeth: 16.90 ± 8.8DMF-T: 20.45 ± 6.8, dental treatment need: 56%n/aPPD: 3.86 ± 0.95, periodontal treatment need: 88.8%n/a
Ruokonen et al. 2019 [25]number of teeth: 21.7 ± 6.8n/an/an/axerostomia 40%, UWS 0.32 ml/min, SWS: 0.95 ml/min
Kahar et al. 2019 [26]edentulous: 17.1%, M-T: 11.3 ± 10.7, number of teeth < 20: 39.1%, number of teeth: 19.7 ± 11.04D-T: 1.5 ± 2.9, F-T: 3.0 ± 4.5n/aCPI: 1.9 ± 1.0saliva pH: 6.9 ± 1.0
Oliveira et al. 2019 [27]number of teeth < 20: 40.6%untreated caries: 17.2%PI > 15%: 74.4%, GBI > 15%: 33.9%periodontitis: 86.7% moderate-severedental care no visit: 30.5%, xerostomia: 35%
  1. HD haemodialysis, KTx kidney transplantation, M-T missing teeth, D-T decayed teeth, F-T filled teeth, DMF-T decayed-, missing- and filled teeth index, PI plaque index, GBI gingiva bleeding index, GI gingival index, CPI community periodontal index, PPD periodontal probing depth, UWS unstimulated whole saliva, SWS stimulated whole saliva, n/a: not applicable, OHI oral health index