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Table 2 Daily dietary intakes of vegetarians and omnivores

From: Healthy adult vegetarians have better renal function than matched omnivores: a cross-sectional study in China

Variables Vegetarians
Vegans Lacto-ovo vegetarians Total vegetariansa Omnivores
n = 70 n = 199 n = 269 n = 269
Energy (kcal/d) 1507.5 ± 555.6 1498.8 ± 500.3b 1501.1 ± 514.2c 1757.3 ± 588.9
Carbohydrates (g/d) 233.2 ± 103.1 225.2 ± 82.7 227.3 ± 88.3 217.0 ± 78.8
Carbohydrate energy supply ratio (%) 61.6 ± 12.0 60.1 ± 8.7 60.5 ± 9.7c 49.9 ± 11.9
Fat (g/d) 38.7 ± 8.7 43.7 ± 21.4b 42.4 ± 21.31c 65.7 ± 33.0
Fat energy supply ratio (%) 23.3 ± 9.5 26.2 ± 8.2b 25.48 ± 8.60c 33.0 ± 9.9
Protein (g/d) 48.7 ± 22.1 45.1 ± 19.1b 46.0 ± 19.9c 70.5 ± 33.9
Protein energy supply ratio (%) 12.9 ± 3.8 12.0 ± 2.9b 12.2 ± 3.2c 15.7 ± 4.3
Protein intake/weight (g/kg) 0.9 ± 0.4 0.8 ± 0.4b 0.8 ± 0.4c 1.2 ± 0.5
Dietary fiber (g/d) 17.29 ± 9.11 14.63 ± 9.3b 15.3 ± 9.3c 11.83 ± 6.90
Calcium (mg/d) 496.2 ± 316.3 441.6 ± 250.4b 455.8 ± 269.5c 539.5 ± 340.1
Phosphorus (mg/d) 841.5 ± 367.0 768.4 ± 331.2b 787.4 ± 341.7c 989.0 ± 378.6
Potassium (mg/d) 2118.1 ± 996.1 1741.3 ± 762.3 1839.4 ± 844.0 1943.3 ± 826.5
Sodium (mg/d) 2389.1 ± 1166.2 2780.0 ± 1263.4b 2678.3 ± 1248.6c 3767.6 ± 1584.7
  1. aTotal vegetarians: lacto-ovo vegetarians and vegans
  2. bStatistical significance when comparing vegans and lacto-ovo vegetarians, P < 0.05
  3. cStatistical significance when comparing vegetarians and omnivores, P < 0.05
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