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Table 1 Characteristics of the study patients in the Injury group and in the Failure group

From: Risk factors for renal failure and short-term prognosis in patients with spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage complicated by acute kidney injury

Characteristics Injury group Failure group P value
Number (%) 410 (75.5) 133 (24.5)  
Demographics
 Age (years) 58.4 ± 14.8 56.6 ± 16.2 0.219
 Male, N (%) 270 (65.9) 93 (69.9) 0.386
Medical history, N (%)
 Diabetes 65 (15.9) 30 (22.6) 0.077
 Hypertension 234 (57.1) 80 (60.2) 0.532
 ICU admission 261 (63.6) 98 (73.6) 0.034
Mechanical ventilation 215 (52.4) 98 (73.6) < 0.001
Medication used, N (%)
 Mannitol 295 (72) 97 (62.6) 0.031
 NSAID 147 (35.9) 46 (34.6) 0.791
 Colloids 259 (63.2) 105 (78.9) 0.001
 Vasoactive drugs 44 (32.4) 89 (21.9) 0.014
 Diuretics 281 (70.8) 129 (88.4) < 0.001
 Aminoglycosides 49 (12) 19 (14.3) 0.48
Laboratory data
 K+ (mmol/L) 3.97 ± 1.21 4.33 ± 1.08 0.002
 Na+ (mmol/L) 145.55 ± 10.41 151.80 ± 15.62 < 0.001
 Cl (mmol/L) 109.83 ± 48.60 113.36 ± 14.71 0.195
 HCO3 (mmol/L) 25.30 ± 5.60 23.51 ± 6.39 0.002
 Alb (g/L) 37.54 ± 7.00 37.22 ± 8.02 0.689
 CK (U/L) 441.63 ± 963.52 674.31 ± 1338.27 0.065
 UA (mmol/L) 323.96 ± 147.08 439.79 ± 169.98 < 0.001
 WBC (×109/L) 12.29 ± 5.62 12.59 ± 5.22 0.579
 HGB (g/L) 118.46 ± 26.14 111.19 ± 32.08 0.019
  1. ICU admission intensive care unit admission, K+ serum potassium concentration, Na+ serum sodium concentration, Cl serum chloride concentration, HCO3 serum bicarbonate concentration, Alb serum albumin concentration, CK serum creatine kinase, UA serum uric acid concentration, WBC white blood cell count, HGB hemoglobin