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Table 2 Univariate analysis of risk factors for deterioration to AKI stage 3 in SICH patients complicated with AKI

From: Risk factors for renal failure and short-term prognosis in patients with spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage complicated by acute kidney injury

Characteristics OR 95%CI P value
Demographics
 Age ≥ 65 years 1.081 0.714–1.637 0.712
 Male 1.206 0.790–1.840 0.385
Medical history
 Diabetes 1.546 0.951–2.512 0.079
 Hypertension 1.135 0.762–1.691 0.532
 ICU admission 1.589 1.034–2.470 0.035
 Mechanical ventilation 2.540 1.649–3.911 <0.001
Medication used
 Mannitol 1.025 0.661–1.591 0.912
 NSAID 1.057 0.701–1.591 0.791
 Colloids 2.186 1.377–3.472 0.001
 Vasoactive drugs 1.703 1.109–2.611 0.015
 Diuretics 3.694 2.136–6.389 <0.001
 Aminoglycosides 1.228 0.694–2.171 0.48
Laboratory data
 Serum sodium (normal) 0.214   <0.001
 Hypernatronemia* 1.719 1.101–2.685 0.017
 Hypernatronemia† 2.42 1.186–4.936 0.015
 Hypernatronemia‡ 8.061 3.615–17.971 <0.001
 Hyperchloremia 1.994 1.340–2.996 0.001
 Metabolic acidosis 2.186 1.447–3.301 <0.001
 Hypoproteinemia 1.028 0.689–1.534 0.893
 Elevated serum creatine kinase 2.962 1.981–4.428 <0.001
 Hyperuricemia 3.074 1.990–4.748 <0.001
 Elevated white blood cell count 1.716 1.107–2.662 0.016
 Anemia 1.637 1.081–2.478 0.02
 Proteinuria 1.82 1.505–2.200 <0.001
 Hematuresis 1.406 1.219–1.662 <0.001
  1. ICU admission intensive care unit admission;Serum sodium (normal): serum sodium concentration ≤ 145 mmol/L; Hypernatronemia*: serum sodium concentration > 145 mmol/L & ≤ 160 mmol/L; Hypernatronemia†: serum sodium concentration > 160 mmol/L & ≤ 170 mmol/L; Hypernatronemia‡: serum sodium concentration > 170 mmol/L.