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Table 5 Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of multivariate model for CKD patients according to tertiles of animal protein sources intake

From: Foods contributing to nutrients intake and assessment of nutritional status in pre-dialysis patients: a cross-sectional study

  Tertile Non-DM-Early-CKD1
(n = 77)
DM-Early-CKD
(n = 49)
Non-DM-Late-CKD
(n = 72)
DM-Late-CKD
(n = 58)
Reference Multivariate-adjusted model2
OR
(95% CIs)
Ptrend3 Multivariate-adjusted model
OR
(95% CIs)
Ptrend Multivariate-adjusted model
OR
(95% CIs)
Ptrend
Red meat (g) < 23 1 1 0.26 1 0.80 1 0.65
23–57 1 1.81   1.54   1.58  
(0.67–4.89) (0.68–3.47) (0.66–3.79)
57< 1 1.91   1.22   1.36  
(0.72–5.12) (0.50–2.96) (0.52–3.60)
Processed red meat (g) 0 1 1 0.22 1 0.50 1 0.09
0 < −15 1 1.60   2.61*   0.72  
(0.59–4.31) (1.10–6.37) (0.24–2.21)
15< 1 0.53   0.68   0.41  
(0.18–1.54) (0.24–1.96) (0.13–1.30)
Meat byproducts (g) 0 (n = 226) 1 1 1 1
0 < (n = 30) 1 0.42   0.65   0.50  
(0.13–1.42) (0.25–1.71) (0.16–1.56)
Poultry (g) 0 1 1 0.87 1 0.09 1 0.38
0 < −40 1 0.74   0.56   0.78  
(0.25–2.25) (0.21–1.50) (0.27–2.28)
40< 1 1.12   0.40   1.60  
(0.42–2.97) (0.13–1.24) (0.61–4.23)
Eggs (g) < 15 1 1 0.73 1 0.72 1 0.46
15–40 1 1.67   0.97   1.28  
(0.65–4.30) (0.42–2.24) (0.54–3.05)
40+ 1 0.97   0.88   0.75  
(0.42–2.24) (0.39–2.00) (0.30–1.85)
Fish (g) < 13 1 1 0.55 1 0.45 1 0.89
13–44 1 1.24   1.02   1.28  
(0.50–3.08) (0.45–2.29) (0.53–3.10)
44< 1 0.81   0.75   1.00  
(0.32–2.03) (0.33–1.70) (0.41–2.43)
Processed fish (g) 0 1 1 0.85 1 0.65 1 0.91
0 < −15 1 1.38   0.76   0.41  
(0.53–3.60) (0.29–2.00) (0.12–1.39)
15< 1 1.08   1.27   1.03  
(0.39–2.98) (0.51–3.18) (0.38–2.80)
Seafood (g) 0 1 1 0.49 1 0.42 1 0.03
0 < −16 1 0.94   0.57   0.52  
(0.37–2.42) (0.24–1.33) (0.22–1.25)
16< 1 0.73   0.69   0.36*  
(0.30–1.82) (0.31–1.52) (0.15–0.88)
Milk (ml) 2< 1 1 0.42 1 0.42 1 0.64
2–40 1 0.68   2.30   2.36  
(0.11–4.07) (0.61–8.63) (0.58–9.64)
40< 1 0.71   0.77   0.87  
(0.32–1.57) (0.37–1.62) (0.39–1.91)
Dairy (g) 0< 1 1 0.14 1 0.88 1 0.03
0–9 1 0.90   1.65   0.87  
(0.25–3.23) (0.52–5.22) (0.24–3.12)
9< 1 0.55   1.03   0.39*  
(0.24–1.23) (0.50–2.11) (0.17–0.90)
  1. *Significant at the 0.05 level
  2. 1The Non-DM-Early-CKD group was used as a reference
  3. 2Adjusted for age (years,  continuous), sex (male, female) and energy intake (kcal,  continuous)
  4. 3Based on logistic regression analysis with assignment of median values to each category