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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of included studies

From: Postoperative outcomes of kidney transplant recipients undergoing non-transplant-related elective surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Author Country Type of Surgery Total number of patients in study (n) Mean age years ± SD [IQR] Ischemic heart disease (%) Diabetes (%) Outcomes reported
Non-transplanted patients Transplant patients Non-transplanted patients Transplant patients Non-transplanted patients Transplant patients Non-transplanted patients Transplant patients
Cavanaugh, 2015 [16] USA Orthopaedic; Joint Arthroplasty 2,583,529 3209 66.8 ± 11.6 53.5 ± 13.1 Cardiac failure, surgical site infection, PE/DVT, pneumonia, sepsis, Acute kidney injury
Choi, 2013 [17] USA Orthopaedic; Total hip arthroplasty 2044 222 57.4 ± 15.2 44.2 ± 11.2 110 (5.4) 12 (5.4) 233 (11.4) 26 (11.7) Acute kidney injury
Farag, 2017 [18] UK Cardiac; CABG 70 70 58.6 ± 10.3 57.8 ± 11.2 32 (45.7) 28 (40.0) 29 (41.4) 42 (60.0) 30-day mortality, Surgical site infection, Pneumonia, Sepsis, Stroke, GI, Transfusion, Return to theatre, ICU admission, Acute kidney injury, Urinary tract infection
Halabi, 2013 [4] USA General; colorectal 1,402,020 1305 65 ± 11.0 59.0 ± 3.1 161,029 (11.5) 272 (20.8) 347,041 (24.8) 772 (59.0) In-hospital mortality, surgical site infection, PE/DVT, pneumonia, stroke, GI, transfusions, Acute kidney injury, Urinary tract infection
John, 2007 [5] USA Cardiac; CABG & Valve 895 70 61 ± 13.6 52.1 ± 9.9 881 (98.4) 50 (71.4) 350 (39.1) 65 (92.9) 30-day mortality, myocardial infarction, surgical site infection, pneumonia, sepsis, stroke, GI, Return to theatre, ICU admission, Acute kidney injury
Klement, 2016 [19] USA Orthopaedic; Total knee arthroplasty 1,685,295 3334 69.5 ± 9.7 67 ± 8.1 Myocardial infarction, Cardiac failure, PE/DVT, stroke, Transfusions, Acute kidney injury
Kohmoto, 2018 [20] USA Cardiac; CABG & Valve 345 115 60 ± 14 58 ± 11 147 (42) 38 (33) 205 (59) 71 (62) 30-day mortality, Surgical site infection, Return to theatre, Pneumonia, Acute kidney injury, Stroke, 30-day readmission
Lederer, 2019 [21] Germany General; Abdominal surgery 84 84 59.8 ± 12.7 59.0 ± 9.0 In-hospital mortality return to theatre, surgical site infection, urinary tract infection, pneumonia, transfusions, pulmonary embolism, gastrointestinal complications.
Li, 2014 [22] China Orthopaedic: Total hip arthroplasty 600 300 47.3 ± 16.4 45.0 ± 10.2 25 (4.2) 15 (5.0) 90 (15.0) 35 (11.7) Acute kidney injury
Nakhla, 2017 [23] USA Orthoapeadic; Lumbar fusion 263,757 239 55 ± 14 61 ± 10 35,607 (13.5) 118 (31.4) Surgical site infection, Acute kidney injury
Sharma, 2013 [24] Australia Cardiac; CABG & Valve 104 30 56.5 ± 11.1 55.7 ± 11.5 20 (19.2) 6 (20.0) 25 (24.0) 9 (30.0) In-hospital mortality, Cardiac failure, Pneumonia, Sepsis, Stroke, Return to theatre, Acute kidney injury
Stewart, 2012 [25] USA General; colorectal 162,986 3765 64 ± 12.1 57.4 ± 9.4 11,734 (12.3) 196 (9.2) 24,448 (25.6) 489 (22.9) In-hospital mortality, Cardiac failure, Surgical site infection, Pneumonia, Sepsis, GI, Acute kidney Injury
Sun, 2018 [26] USA Urology; Penile Prosthesis 26 26 56.4 ± 9.0 53.7 ± 8.1 8 (30.8) 15 (57.7) 14 (53.9) 22 (84.6) Return to theatre
Vargo, 2015 [27] USA Coronary artery bypass graft 1,705,949 2712 65.5 ± 11.8 58.2 ± 10.5 527,337 (30.9) 642 (23.7) 452,483 (26.5) 667 (24.6) In-hospital mortality, Surgical site infection, Pneumonia, stroke, GI, Acute kidney injury