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Table 4 Cox proportional hazards ratio for predictive factors for mortality prior to ESRD

From: Predictive factors of rapid linear renal progression and mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease

  IN RAPID PROGRESSOR IN STABLE PATIENT
Variable HR 95% CI P-value HR 95% CI P-value
Age (per year) 1.176 1.117–1.238 < 0.001 1.091 1.061–1.121 < 0.001
Male 3.501 1.382–8.867 0.008    
Smoking     1.834 1.015–3.314 0.045
ACEi/ARB 0.222 0.081–0.610 0.004    
MI 3.711 1.739–7.918 0.001    
PVD     2.014 1.173–3.458 0.011
HF     2.423 1.468–4.000 0.001
Bicarbonate (per mmol/L) 0.838 0.717–0.979 0.026    
Hb (per 1 g/L) 0.918 0.885–0.952 < 0.001 0.964 0.947–0.981 < 0.001
A3 proteinuria     2.554 1.333–4.894 0.005
  1. Abbreviations: MI (Myocardial infarction); PVD (Peripheral vascular disease); HF (Heart failure); Hb (Haemoglobin)