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Table 2 Prevalence of CKD in Cameroon

From: Chronic kidney disease in Cameroon: a scoping review

First Author Year of publication Study Design Study Setting Study area Disease specific population Mean Age (in years) Male (%) Sample Size Measure of Kidney damage or Function Prevalence of CKD
Kaze [24] 2013 Cross-sectional Hospital-based Urban HAART-naïve PLWHA 35.0 32.0% 104 eGFR < 60 based on MDRD and CG or at least 1+ proteinuria 3%
Kaze [17] 2015 Cross-sectional Community-based Urban General adult population 36.5 48.7% 119 eGFR < 60 based on MDRD, CG and CKD-EPI or albuminuria ≥30 mg/g 10.9%
Kaze [17] 2015 Cross-sectional Community-based Rural General adult population 51 39.7 320 eGFR < 60 based on MDRD, CG and CKD-EPI or albuminuria ≥30 mg/g 14.1%
Kaze [11] 2015 Cross-sectional Community-based Urban General adult population 45.3 53.4% 500 eGFR < 60 based on MDRD, CG and CKD-EPI or albuminuria ≥30 mg/g 10.0, 11.0 and 14.2% using CKD-EPI, MDRD and CG, respectively.
Feteh [25] 2016 Cross-sectional Hospital-based Urban Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus 56.5 53.1% 636 eGFR < 60 based on MDRD 18.5%
Kaze [30] 2016 Cross-sectional Hospital-based Urban Hypertensive adult 60.9 36.6% 336 eGFR < 60 based on MDRD, CG and CKD-EPI or albuminuria ≥30 mg/g 49.7, 50.0 and 52.1% according to MDRD, CKD-EPI and CG equations respectively.
Kamdem [28] 2017 Cross-sectional Hospital-based Urban newly diagnosed and untreated hypertensive patients 51.0 49.1% 839 eGFR < 60 based on MDRD 12.4%
Hamadou [27] 2017 Cross-sectional Hospital-based Urban Hypertensive patients 54.2 33% 400 eGFR < 60 based on CKD-EPI or proteinuria 32.3%
Ekiti [26] 2018 Cross-sectional Community-based Rural Sugarcane plantation workers 39.0 75% 204 eGFR < 60 based on CKD-EPI or at least 1+ proteinuria 3.4%
Halle [32] 2018 Cross-sectional Hospital-based Urban PLWHA attending HIV day clinic 37.1 26.7% 709 eGFR < 60 based on MDRD and CKD-EPI or at least 1+ proteinuria 44% based on CKD-EPI and 47.2% based on MDRD
Kaze [31] 2019 Cross-sectional Community-based Urban General adult population 45.0 48.7% 433 eGFR < 60 based on CKD-EPI or albuminuria > 30 mg/g 11.7%
Temgoua [29] 2019 Cross-sectional Hospital-based Urban First-degree family relatives of HDP 38.3 28.0% 82 eGFR < 60 based on MDRD or at least 1+ proteinuria or diagnosis by a Nephrologist 15.9%
  1. NR Not Reported, NA Not Available, HIV Human immunodeficiency virus, AIDS Acquired immune deficiency syndrome, HAART Highly active antiretroviral therapy, PLWHA Persons living with HIV/AIDS, OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, GFR Glomerular Filtration Rate, HDP Hemodialysis patients, MDRD Modification of Diet in Renal Disease, CG Cockcroft-Gault, CKD-EPI Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology