Skip to main content

Table 3 Factors associated factors of chronic kidney disease in Cameroon

From: Chronic kidney disease in Cameroon: a scoping review

First Author Year of publication Study Design Study Setting Disease specific population Mean Age (in years) Sample Size Associated Factors (adjusted Odds Ratio; 95% Confidence Interval)
Kaze [17] 2015 Cross-sectional Community-based General adult population 47.0 439 History of hypertension (aOR: 3.95; 95% CI, 2.09–7.46),
History of diabetes mellitus (aOR: 6.64; 95% CI: 2.63–16.75)
Elevated systolic blood pressure (aOR: 1.01; 95% CI, 1.00–1.02)
Kaze [11] 2015 Cross-sectional Community-based General adult population 45.3 500 Advanced age (aOR: 1.09; 95% CI, 1.07–1.12),
Known hypertension (aOR: 2.40; 95% CI, 1.19–4.82)
Existing diabetes mellitus (aOR: 3.36; 95% CI, 1.02–11.07),
Overweight/obesity (aOR: 0.30; 95% CI, 0.17–0.54)
Kaze [30] 2016 Cross-sectional Hospital-based Hypertensive adult 60.9 336 Advanced age [aOR: 1.05; 95% CI, 1.02–1.07)
Raised systolic blood pressure (aOR: 1.01; 95% CI, 1.00–1.02)
Hamadou [27] 2017 Cross-sectional Hospital-based Hypertensive patients 54.2 400 Age > 50 years (aOR: 1.75; 95% CI: 1.06–2.89),
Females (aOR: 2.21; 95% CI: 1.29–3.78), obesity (aOR: 1.58; 95% CI: 1.36–1.95), hyperuricemia (aOR: 3.67; 95% CI: 1.78–7.58)
Kamdem [28] 2017 Cross-sectional Hospital-based newly diagnosed and untreated hypertensive patients 51.0 839 Age > 55 years (aOR: 5.29; 95% CI, 3.33–8.42), obesity (aOR: 0.15; 95% CI, 0.10–0.26), hyperkalemia (aOR: 1.33; 95% CI, 1.03–1.72)
Ekiti [26] 2018 Cross-sectional Community-based Sugarcane plantation workers 39.0 204 Age ≥ 40 years (aOR: 18.7; 95% CI: 1.5–236.4)
Halle [32] 2018 Cross-sectional Hospital-based PLWHA attending HIV day clinic 37.1 709 age > 35 years (aOR: 1.04; 95% CI: 1.02 to 1.06), longer duration of HIV (aOR: 2.60; 95% CI: 1.53 to 3.95), history of Hepatitis B (aOR: 3.04; 95% CI, 1.08 to 8.54),
CD4 count less than 200 cells/mL (aOR: 3.64; 95% CI, 2.55 to 5.21)
Kaze [31] 2019 Cross-sectional Community-based General adult population 45.0 433 Increased systolic blood pressure (aOR: 1.02; 95% CI, 1.00–1.04) per mmHg higher SBP), hyperglycemia (aOR: 4.73; 95% CI, 1.24–18.08) and hyperuricemia (aOR: 3.12; 95% CI, 1.58–6.16)
  1. HIV Human immunodeficiency virus, AIDS Acquired immune deficiency syndrome, HAART Highly active antiretroviral therapy, PLWHA Persons living with HIV/AIDS, aOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval, GFR Glomerular Filtration Rate, CKD-EPI Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology, SBP systolic blood pressure