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Table 5 Major comorbidities in Chronic Kidney Disease patients in Cameroon

From: Chronic kidney disease in Cameroon: a scoping review

First author Year of publication Study area Study population Mean age (in years) Sample size Comorbidities
Halle [43] 2009 Urban Patients with CKD 50.1 140 Hypertension (62.1%); diabetes mellitus (25.0%); gout (7.1%); HIV (6.4%)
Halle [35] 2014 Urban ESRD patients on dialysis 49.4 113 Mid-arm muscle circumference (23.9%); heart failure (22.1%); diabetes mellitus (20.3%); HIV (4.4%)
Kaze [36] 2014 Urban Patients on maintenance hemodialysis 52.7 45 Hypertension (95.6%); anemia (42%); left ventricular hypertrophy (60%); valvular heart disease (51.1%); heart failure (33.3%); dyslipidemia (33.3%); diabetes mellitus (24%); tobacco use (22.2%); obesity (4%)
Kaze [38] 2015 Urban Patients with CKD 44.8 139 Hypertension (81.3%); diabetes mellitus (32.2%); tobacco use (15.1%); HIV (10.1%)
Mbouemboue [44] 2016 Semi-urban ESRD 45.0 35 Anemia (Females [100%]; Males [92%])
Halle [40] 2016 Urban Maintenance hemodialysis 51.0 97 Hypertension (25.8%); Diabetes mellitus (17.5%); HCV (20.6%); HIV (8.2%); HBV (6.2%)
Kouotou [45] 2016 Urban Hemodialyzed patients 48.6 112 Hypertension (66.1%); Diabetes mellitus (25.9%); HCV (26.8%)
Hamadou [27] 2017 Urban Patients diagnosed with CKD 54.2 400 Anemia (44.5%), Obesity (39.75%), Diabetes mellitus (32%); hyperuricemia (10.75%); tobacco use (0.8%)
Moor [42] 2017 Urban Patients on maintenance hemodialysis 55.0 44 Hypertension (59.1%); Diabetes mellitus (11.4%); alcohol use (11.4%); tobacco use (4.5%)
Luma [41] 2017 Semi-urban Patients on maintenance hemodialysis 48.0 104 Hypertension (84.6%); HCV (19.2%); HIV (13.5%); HBV (10.6%)
Lemogoum [46] 2018 Urban Patients with CKD 52.0 150 Hypertension (87.3%); dyslipidemia (62.0%); overweight/obesity (53.3%); abdominal obesity (34.0%); Diabetes mellitus (32.7%); previous cardiovascular event (18.0%)
Doualla [47] 2018 Urban Non-dialysed CKD patients 55.8 103 Hypertension (87.4%); Diabetes mellitus (34.0%); gout (21.4%); HIV (12.6%)
Halle [34] 2019 Urban Patients with CKD 53.1 130 Hypertension (70.77%); diabetes mellitus (41.54%); HIV (8.5%); gout (6.9%)
  1. CKD Chronic kidney disease, ESRD End-stage renal disease, CRF Chronic renal failure, HIV Human immunodeficiency syndrome, HBV Hepatitis B, HCV Hepatitis C