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Table 3 Comparison between patients with Chronic Kidney Disease and preserved GFR (n = 386)

From: Prevalence and risk factors of chronic kidney disease among Palestinian type 2 diabetic patients: a cross-sectional study

  Multivariable Results Multivariable Results
Chronic Kidney Disease    
Variables Yes (n = 91) No (n = 295) P Value* Adjusted P Value Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Frequency (%) Frequency (%)    
Gender
 Female 43 (22%) 151 (78%) 0.550 0.81 0.44–1.5
 Male† 48 (25%) 144 (75%)   
Age
 < 60 years† 17 (10.1%) 151 (89.9%) < 0.001 3.2 1.8–5.9
 ≥ 60 years 74 (33.9%) 144 (66.1%)   
Hypertension
 Yes 85 (30.6%) 193 (69.4%) < 0.001 0.001 5.7 (2.2–15.2)
 No† 05 (5.5%) 86 (94.5%)   
Smoker
 Yes 36 (31.85%) 77 (68.14%) 0.022 0.009 2.3 (1.3–4.2)
 No† 55 (21.2%) 204 (78.76%)   
BMI (kg/m2) 33 ± 5.82 32.5 ± 5.84 0.508 0.556 1.6 (0.3–9.4)
Diabetes duration 15.46+/−9.4 11.43+/−7.96 < 0.001 0.964 1.01 (0.74–1.4)
HbA1c 8.31 ± 2.2 8.47 ± 2 0.527 0.195 0.1 (0.03–3.3)
  1. *Chi-square test and Independent t-test, HbA1c glycosilated hemoglobin, OR Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval
  2. † Reference group