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Table 3 Factors associated with Malnutrition Inflammation Complex Syndrome (N = 160)

From: Prevalence of malnutrition inflammation complex syndrome among patients on maintenance haemodialysis at Muhimbili National Hospital in Tanzania: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics CORa (95% CI) p-value AORb (95% CI) p-value
Age groups
  < 60 years Ref  
  > 60 years 1.19 (0.62–2.3) 0.60   
Gender
 Male Ref   Ref  
 Female 1.88 (0.95–3.72) 0.07 2.03 (0.97–4.25) 0.061
Marital Status
 Living with a partner Ref  
 Single 1.19 (0.5–2.84) 0.69   
Mode of payment
 Health Insurance Ref  
 Paying out of pocket 1.18 (0.42–3.32) 0.75   
Duration on HD
  < 4 years Ref   Ref  
  > 4 years 4.83 (1.29–18) 0.02 5.04 (1.33–19.2) 0.018
Frequency of HD
 Thrice/week Ref  
 Twice/week 1.43 (0.63–3.24) 0.39   
Vascular Access
 AV Fistula Ref  
 Central Venous Catheter 1.12 (0.6–2.09) 0.72   
Dialysis Adequacy
 Inadequate (URR < 65%) 1.22 (0.59–2.53)  
 Adequate (URR > 65%) Ref 0.60   
Diabetes Mellitus
 Yes 0.74 (0.4–1.4)  
 No Ref 0.35   
Hypertension
 Yes 0.86 (0.17–4.37)  
 No Ref 0.85   
Hypercholesterolaemia
 Yes (TC > 220 mg/dl) 0.13 (0.02–1.1)   0.11 (0.01–0.97) 0.047
 No (TC < 220 mg/dl) Ref 0.06 Ref  
HIV Infection
 Yes 2.53 (0.82–7.78)   2.55 (0.78–8.4) 0.123
 No Ref 0.11 Ref  
HBV Infection
 Yes 0.93 (0.24–3.58)  
 No Ref 0.91   
  1. Hosmer Lemeshow Test for Multivariate Logistic regression, p = 0.656 → Goodness of fit present
  2. aCrude Odds Ratio (COR) b Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR)