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Table 4 Association between MICS and nutritional, inflammatory and other laboratory parameters

From: Prevalence of malnutrition inflammation complex syndrome among patients on maintenance haemodialysis at Muhimbili National Hospital in Tanzania: a cross-sectional study

Parameters N MICS Present (Mean + SD) MICS Absent (Mean + SD) p-value
Nutritional parameters
 Dry weight (kg) 160 56.6 + 9.4 68.9 + 10.9 < 0.01 a
 BMI (kg/m2) 160 20.2 + 2.7 24.4 + 3.8 < 0.01 a
 Albumin (g/dl) 160 3.47 + 0.49 3.94 + 0.36 < 0.01 a
 Total Cholesterol (mg/dl) 160 138.7 + 34.4 163.3 + 40.6 < 0.01 a
Inflammatory markers
 Transferrin (mg/dl) 160 164.1 + 40.2 217.8 + 44.4 < 0.01 a
 CRP (mg/l) 103 22.5 (IQR = 12.7–43.3) 10.45 (IQR = 5.0–16.8) < 0.01b
 Ferritin (ng/ml) 102 138.2 (IQR = 75–349.8) 100.2 (IQR = 49.5–216.7) NS b
Other laboratory parameters
 WBC (×  109/L) 160 5.21 + 2.78 4.93 + 1.79 NS a
 Haemoglobin (g/dl) 160 8.8 + 2.0 9.7 + 1.8 < 0.01 a
 Pre-dialysis Cr (μmol/l) 160 768 + 316 911 + 412 0.016 a
 Post-dialysis Cr (μmol/l) 160 267 + 128 361 + 202 < 0.01 a
 Urea Reduction Ratio (URR)% 160 69.9 + 13.6 70.4 + 9.0 NS a
  1. NS Not significant (p > 0.05), IQR Interquartile Range
  2. a Test Statistic: Student’s t-test, b Test Statistic: Mann-Whitney U test