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Table 2 Risk factors of AKI in DKA patients

From: The incidence, risk factors, and long-term outcomes of acute kidney injury in hospitalized diabetic ketoacidosis patients

ParametersLogistic analysis
Univariate analysisMultivariate analysis
OR (95%CI)POR (95%CI)P
Male1.724 (0.952–3.125)0.072  
Age (year)1.026 (1.009–1.042)0.0021.033 (1.009–1.058)0.008
Body Mass Index (kg/m2)1.014 (0.944–1.088)0.708  
History of CVD2.711 (1.083–6.786)0.033  
Type 2 diabetic mellitus1.734 (0.944–3.185)0.076  
Preexisting CKD3.756 (1.203–11.732)0.0236.250 (1.461–26.732)0.013
General condition of admission
 SBP (mmHg)1.005 (0.993–1.017)0.430  
 DBP (mmHg)0.985 (0.963–1.007)0.175  
 Temperature(°C)1.113 (0.844–1.468)0.449  
 Heart rate (beats/min)1.022 (1.006–1.038)0.007  
    Coma10.128 (2.290–44.798)0.00212.389 (1.823–84.185)0.010
Biochemical indicator of admission
 Glu (mmol/L)1.084 (1.045–1.125)< 0.0011.087 (1.034–1.142)0.001
 Ketone (mmol/L)1.085 (0.986–1.194)0.095  
 pH0.014 (0.001–0.178)0.0010.001 (0.000–0.080)0.002
 HbA1c(%)0.994 (0.895–1.104)0.912  
 SUA (μmol/L)1.003 (1.001–1.006)0.0041.006 (1.002–1.009)0.001
 Alb(g/L)0.913 (0.871–0.958)< 0.0010.937 (0.881–0.996)0.038
 WBCs(109/L)1.107 (1.056–1.160)< 0.0011.089 (1.026–1.157)0.005
 Proteinuria2.316 (1.000–5.363)0.050