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Table 3 Predictors of the long-term renal outcomes in DKA patients using Cox proportional hazards modela

From: The incidence, risk factors, and long-term outcomes of acute kidney injury in hospitalized diabetic ketoacidosis patients

ParametersUnivariate analysisMultivariate analysis (forward)
HR (95%CI)PHR (95%CI)P
Male0.868 (0.540–1.397)0.561  
Age (year)1.014 (1.001–1.026)0.029  
History of CVD1.644 (0.857–3.151)0.134  
Type 2 diabetic mellitus1.547 (0.940–2.545)0.086  
Preexisting CKD2.831 (1.647–4.868)< 0.0011.899 (1.088–3.314)0.024
HbA1c(%)1.081 (0.977–1.198)0.132  
Baseline eGFR (ml/min/1.73m2)0.990 (0.980–0.999)0.032  
History of AKI
 Non-AKI (Reference)Reference Reference 
 AKI4.107 (2.273–7.421)< 0.0013.598 (1.957–6.614)< 0.001
  1. a-2Loglikelihood = 555.190, chi-square = 33.015; P < 0.001. Values express as hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval(95%CI)