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Table 4 Predictors of the mortality in DKA patients using Cox proportional hazards modela

From: The incidence, risk factors, and long-term outcomes of acute kidney injury in hospitalized diabetic ketoacidosis patients

ParametersUnivariate analysisMultivariate analysis (forward)
HR (95%CI)PHR (95%CI)P
Male1.168 (0.492–2.776)0.725  
Age (year)1.060 (1.031–1.090)< 0.0011.048 (1.020–1.078)0.001
History of CVD5.556 (2.328–13.262)< 0.001  
Type 2 diabetic mellitus3.261 (1.094–9.722)0.034  
Preexisting CKD1.118 (0.329–3.797)0.858  
HbA1c (%)0.992 (0.830–1.185)0.927  
Baseline eGFR (ml/min/1.73m2)0.972 (0.955–0.989)0.001  
History of AKI
 Non-AKI (Reference)Reference Reference 
 AKI8.405 (1.956–36.121)0.0044.959 (1.115–22.062)0.036
  1. a-2 Log likelihood = 161.053, chi-square = 26.765; P < 0.001. Values express as hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval(95%CI)