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Table 3 Factors associated with abnormal kidney function, TAHES Study, Benin 2019

From: Prevalence of abnormal kidney function in a rural population of Benin and associated risk factors

  Univariate analysis
n = 1360
Multivariate analysis
n = 1359
OR (95%CI) P value* aOR (95%CI) P value*
Age (>  60 years) 3.34 (2.41,4.63) <  0.001 2.57 (1.73,3.83) <  0.001
Gender
 Male 1   1  
 Female 2.04 (1.46,2.84) <  0.001 1.98 (1.36,2.89) <  0.001
Level of education   0.022   0.95
 Illiterate 1 1
 Primary level 0.67 (0.48,0.93) 1.06 (0.72,1.54)
 Above primary level 0.56 (0.27,1.14) 1.09 (0.49,2.43)
Marital status
 In couple 1    
 Single, widowed or divorced 2.63 (1.88,3.66) <  0.001 1.42 (0.95,2.13) 0.091
Occupation   0.011   0.278
 Independent farmer or informal 1  
 Private or formal employee 0.75 (0.46,1.24) 0.73 (0.43,1.26)
 Unemployed 2.17 (1.26,3.74) 1.36 (0.73,2.51)
Monthly income ($US)   0.229   
  < 68 1   
 68–179 0.98 (0.71,1.34)   
  ≥ 180 0.71 (0.46,1.08)   
HBP 2.13 (1.59,2.86) <  0.001 1.56 (1.13,2.15) 0.007
High BMIa 1.50 (1.11,2.03) 0.008 1.56 (1.12,2.17) 0.009
Hyperglycemiab / diabetes treatment 2.88 (1.75,4.73) <  0.001 2.88 (1.68,4.92) <  0.001
  1. *p value of Wald test for binary variables or likelihood test for categorical variables with more than two modalities
  2. a High BMI (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2)
  3. b Hyperglycemia capillary blood glucose ≥6.1 mmol/L