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Table 1 Characteristics of cohort participants presenting men and women, incident CKD and healthy subjects separately

From: The risk of chronic kidney disease in relation to anthropometric measures of obesity: A Swedish cohort study

  Sex-specific characteristics CKD during follow up
  Men Women CKD No CKD
Total n (%) 10264 (38.4%) 16459 (61.6%) 1012 (3.3%)
Men 590 (5.7%),
Women 422 (2.6%)
25711
Incidence of CKD, n (per 1000 p-y) 590 (3.34) 422 (1.41) 1012(2.1) 0
Age at screening (years) 59 ± 7 57± 8 62 ± 7 58 ± 8
Height (cm) 176.5 ± 6.6 163.7 ± 6.1 170.3 ± 9.1 168.5 ± 8.8
Weight (kg) 81.7 ± 12.1 68.0 ± 11.6 79.5 ± 14.4 73.0 ± 13.5
BMI (kg/m2) 26.2 ± 3.5 25.4 ± 4.2 27.4 ± 4.5 25.6 ± 3.9
BF% 20.7 ± 5.0 30.7 ± 5.0 26.4 ± 7.9 26.9 ± 6.9
WC (cm) 93.5 ± 10.0 77.8 ± 10.5 91.3 ± 13.1 83.5 ± 12.7
WHR 0.94 ± 0.06 0.79 ± 0.06 0.90 ± 0.09 0.85 ± 0.09
WHtR 0.53 ± 0.06 0.48 ± 0.07 0.54 ± 0.07 0.50 ± 0.07
Systolic Blood Pressure (mmHg) 144 ± 19 139 ± 20 153 ± 20 141 ± 20
Follow-up period (years)a 17.3 ± 5.0 18.2 ± 3.9 17.8 ± 3.6 17.9 ± 4.4
High Alcohol Consumption (> 40/30 gram per day for men/women), n (%) 763 (7.4%) 398 (2.4%) 43 (4.2%) 1118 (4.3%)
Current smoking, n (%) 2952 (28.8%) 4592 (27.9%) 286 (28.3%) 7258 (28.2%)
Current use of antihypertensive medicine, n (%) 1859 (18.1%) 2568 (15.6%) 403 (39.8%) 4024 (15.7%)
Use of Lipid-lowering Drugs, n (%) 348 (3.4%) 297 (1.8%) 62 (6.1%) 583(2.3%)
Diagnosed diabetes, n (%) 531 (5.2%) 506 (3.1%) 140 (13.8%) 897 (3.5%)
Low physical activity, n (lowest quartile) (%) 2603 (25.4%) 4075 (24.8%) 284 (28.1%) 6394 (24.9%)
Married, n (%) 7458 (72.7%) 10000 (60.8%) 692 (68.4%) 16766 (65.2%)
Born in Sweden, n (%)
Immigrant to Sweden, n (%)
9033 (88.0%) 14519 (88.2%) 906 (89.5%) 2264 (88.1%)
1231 (12.0%) 1940 (11.8%) 106 (10.5%) 306(11.9%)
Educational level
• Primary school education, n (%)
• Secondary school education, n (%)
• Higher levels of education, n (%)
 
4646 (45.3%) 6423 (39.0%) 532 (52.6%) 10537 (41.0%)
2031 (19.8%) 5022 (30.5%) 236 (23.3%) 6817 (26.5%)
3587 (34.9%) 5014 (30.5%) 244 (24.1%) 8357 (32.5%)
  1. N=number
  2. p-y = person years
  3. CKD= Chronic kidney disease; BMI = body mass index; BF% = bodyfat-percentage; WHR = Waist-Hip Ratio; WC = Waist Circumference; WHtR = Waist-Height Ratio
  4. Values are means ± standard deviation, unless stated otherwise
  5. aFollow-up period from screening to emigration or death or last follow-up date (2013-12-31)