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Table 2 Hazard Ratios for incident CKD in relation to anthropometric measures in men

From: The risk of chronic kidney disease in relation to anthropometric measures of obesity: A Swedish cohort study

Quartiles* Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q4 vs. Q1
p-value**
BMI (range, kg/m^2) < 23.9 23.9 - 26.0 26.0
- 28.1
> 28.1  
CKD1 2.2 3.0 3.5 4.7  
HR-12 1 1.23 (0.95-1.60) 1.42 (1.10-1.83) 2.02 (1.58-2.57) <0.001
HR-23 1 1.13 (0.87-1.47) 1.28 (0.99-1.65) 1.52 (1.18-1.95) 0.001
HR-34 1 1.13 (0.87 - 1.47) 1.28 (0.99-1.66) 1.51 (1.18 -1.94) 0.001
WC (range, cm) < 87 87-93 93-99 >99  
CKD1 2.4 2.7 3.6 4.7  
HR-12 1 1.06 (0.82-1.38) 1.39 (1.09-1.78) 1.85 (1.46-2.35) <0.001
HR-23 1 1.02 (0.79-1.33) 1.24 (0.97-1.59) 1.36 (1.06-1.74) 0.014
HR-34 1 1.02 (0.79 - 1.33) 1.24 (0.97 - 1.59) 1.36 (1.06 - 1.73) 0.016
WHR (range) <0.90 0.90-0.94 0.94-0.98 > 0.98  
CKD1 2.6 3.2 3.4 4.2  
HR-12 1 1.26 (0.98 -1.60) 1.36 (1.07-1.73) 1.88 (1.49-2.37) <0.001
HR-23 1 1.16 (0.91-1.48) 1.10 (0.86-1.40) 1.38 (1.09-1.76) 0.008
HR-34 1 1.15 (0.90-1.47) 1.09 (0.86- 1.39) 1.36 (1.07- 1.74) 0.012
WHtR (range) < 0.49 0.49-0.53 0.53-0.56 > 0.56  
CKD1 2.3 2.6 3.6 5.0  
HR-12 1 1.01 (0.78-1.32) 1.38 (1.080-1.77) 1.90 (1.51-2.41) <0.001
HR-23 1 0.90 (0.69-1.18) 1.19 (0.93-1.53) 1.34(1.05-1.70) 0.020
HR-34 1 0.90 (0.69 -1.17) 1.18 (0.92 - 1.52) 1.32 (1.03 - 1.68) 0.027
BF% (range) < 17.0 17.0-20.0 20.0-24.0 > 24.0  
CKD1 3.2 2.7 3.2 4.3  
HR-12 1 0.85 (0.67-1.08) 0.99 (0.78-1.25) 1.37 (1.10-1.70) 0.004
HR-23 1 0.77 (0.61-0.98) 0.85 (0.67-1.07) 1.08 (0.87-1.34) 0.504
HR-34 1 0.77 (0.61 - 0.98) 0.84 (0.67 - 1.07) 1.07 (0.86 - 1.34) 0.537
Weight (range, kg) < 74.0 74.0-81.0 81.0-89.0 > 89.0  
CKD1 2.5 3.2 3.5 4.2  
HR-12 1 1.21 (0.94-1.55) 1.38(1.08-1.76) 1.84 (1.45-2.33) <0.001
HR-23 1 1.17 (0.91-1.51) 1.27(0.99-1.63) 1.50 (1.18-1.91) 0.001
HR-34 1 1.18 (0.92- 1.52) 1.29 (1.00 - 1.65) 1.52 (1.19 - 1.94) 0.001
Height (range, cm) < 172.0 172.0-176.0 176.0-181.0 > 181.0  
CKD1 3.7 4.0 2.9 2.9  
HR-12 1 1.15 (0.93-1.42) 0.86 (0.68-1.09) 0.98 (0.78-1.22) 0.851
HR-23 1 1.17 (0.94-1.45) 0.93 (0.73-1.18) 1.06 (0.85-1.33) 0.608
HR-34 1 1.17 (0.94 - 1.46) 0.95 (0.75 -1.20) 1.09 (0.87 - 1.38) 0.450
  1. *Each quartile includes approximately 2560 individuals. ** p-value < 0.05 is considered significant
  2. 1CKD per 1000-person years; 2Cox-regression Hazard Ratio (HR) adjusted for age (95 % CI); 3HR-2 adjusted for age, use of antihypertensive medication, lipid-lowering medication, systolic blood pressure, smoking, alcohol consumption, low physical activity and diabetes (95 % CI); 4HR-3 adjusted for HR-2 plus low education, marital status and immigrant status (95 % CI)
  3. CKD Chronic kidney disease, BMI body mass index, WC waist circumference, WHR waist-hip ratio, WHtR waist-height ratio, BF % body-fat percentage, CI confidence interval