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Table 3 Hazard Ratios for incident CKD in relation to anthropometric measures in women

From: The risk of chronic kidney disease in relation to anthropometric measures of obesity: A Swedish cohort study

Quartiles* Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q4 vs. Q1
p-value**
BMI (range, kg/m^2) < 22.5 22.5-24.7 24.7-27.6 > 27.6  
CKD1 0.8 1.0 1.3 2.6  
HR-12 1 1.04 (0.74-1.45) 1.23 (0.89-1.69) 2.45(1.83-3.26) <0.001
HR-23 1 0.99 (0.71-1.39) 1.05 (0.76-1.45) 1.65 (1.23-2.22) <0.001
HR-34 1 0.99 (0.71-1.39) 1.05 (0.76-1.45) 1.63 (1.21-2.20) 0.001
WC (range, cm) < 70 70-76 76-83 > 83  
CKD1 0.8 0.8 1.2 2.9  
HR-12 1 0.87 (0.61-1.25) 1.21 (0.89-1.66) 2.68 (2.03-3.55) <0.001
HR-23 1 0.79 (0.55-1.14) 1.06 (0.77-1.45) 1.72 (1.29-2.30) <0.001
HR-34 1 0.79 (0.55-1.13) 1.06 (0.77-1.45) 1.70 (1.27-2.27) 0.001
WHR (range) < 0.76 0.76-0.79 0.79-0.82 > 0.82  
CKD1 1.0 1.0 1.5 2.2  
HR-12 1 1.00 (0.73-1.37) 1.43 (1.07-1.92) 2.13 (1.63-2.79) <0.001
HR-23 1 0.93 (0.67-1.27) 1.22 (0.91-1.64) 1.42 (1.08-1.88) 0.013
HR-34 1 0.92 (0.67-1.27) 1.21 (0.90-1.61) 1.40 (1.06-1.85) 0.018
WHtR (range) < 0.43 0.43-0.46 0.46-0.51 > 0.51  
CKD1 0.7 0.9 1.4 2.8  
HR-12 1 1.09 (0.75-1.56) 1.57 (1.12-2.20) 2.97 (2.18-4.05) <0.001
HR-23 1 0.98 (0.68-1.42) 1.31 (0.93-1.84) 1.85 (1.34-2.56) <0.001
HR-34 1 0.98 (0.68-1.41) 1.30 (0.92-1.82) 1.82 (1.32-2.52) <0.001
BF% (range) < 27.0 27.0-31.0 31.0-34.0 > 34  
CKD1 0.7 0.9 1.3 2.8  
HR-12 1 1.21 (0.84-1.75) 1.47 (1.06-2.04) 2.98 (2.18-4.07) <0.001
HR-23 1 1.18 (0.81-1.70) 1.25 (0.90-1.74) 2.03 (1.48-2.81) <0.001
HR-34 1 1.18 (0.81-1.70) 1.24 (0.89-1.73) 2.01 (1.45-2.78) <0.001
Weight (range, kg) < 60.0 60.0-66.0 66.0-74.0 > 74.0  
CKD1 1.0 0.9 1.4 2.4  
HR-12 1 0.89 (0.64-1.24) 1.32 (0.98-1.76) 2.31 (1.77-3.01) <0.001
HR-23 1 0.84 (0.61-1.17) 1.17 (0.87-1.57) 1.65 (1.25-2.16) <0.001
HR-34 1 0.84 (0.61-1.17) 1.18 (0.88-1.58) 1.64 (1.25-2.15) <0.001
Height (range, cm) < 160.0 160-164.0 164.0-168.0 > 168.0  
CKD1 1.9 1.4 1.4 1.1  
HR-12 1 0.80 (0.62-1.04) 0.90 (0.69-1.16) 0.85 (0.65-1.12) 0.252
HR-23 1 0.84(0.65-1.09) 0.94 (0.72-1.22) 0.94(0.71-1.23) 0.634
HR-34 1 0.85 (0.66-1.11) 0.96 (0.74-1.25) 0.97 (0.73-1.28) 0.807
  1. *Each quartile includes approximately 4110 individuals. **p-value <0.05 is considered significant
  2. 1CKD per 1000-person years; 2Cox-regression Hazard Ratio (HR) adjusted for age (95 % CI); 3HR-2 adjusted for age, use of antihypertensive medication, lipid-lowering medication, systolic blood pressure, smoking, alcohol consumption, low physical activity and diabetes (95 % CI); 4HR-3 adjusted for HR-2 plus low education, marital status and immigrant status (95 % CI)
  3. CKD Chronic kidney disease, BMI body mass index, WC waist circumference, WHR waist-hip ratio, WHtR waist-height ratio, BF % body-fat percentage, CI confidence interval