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Table 3 Change in estimated glomerular filtration rate in relation to baseline growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15)

From: Growth differentiation factor-15 and incident chronic kidney disease: a population-based cohort study

  No. of subjects B (95% CI) a p
GDF-15 Q1 790 Reference
GDF-15 Q2 763 −1.04 (−2.30, 0.22) 0.10
GDF-15 Q3 646 −1.67 (−3.01, −0.32) 0.02
GDF-15 Q4 545 −2.42 (− 3.91, − 0.94) < 0.01
Per 1 standard deviation change in GDF-15 2744 − 0.97 (− 1.49, − 0.45) < 0.001
  1. CI confidence interval, eGFR estimated glomerular filtration rate according to the combined Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration creatinine and cystatin C equation
  2. a Adjusted for waist circumference, smoking, high alcohol consumption, systolic blood pressure, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, C-reactive protein level, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, anti-hypertensive drug medication, and baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate