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Case Reports

This section welcomes submissions of case reports only.

Page 1 of 4

  1. Content type: Case report

    Galloway-Mowat syndrome (GAMOS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by early-onset nephrotic syndrome and microcephaly with brain anomalies. WDR73 pathogenic variants were described as the first ...

    Authors: Andrea Domingo-Gallego, Mónica Furlano, Marc Pybus, Daniel Barraca, Ana Belén Martínez, Emiliano Mora Muñoz, Roser Torra and Elisabet Ars

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:126

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  2. Content type: Case report

    Thymic hyperplasia and thymic epithelial tumor (thymoma) have been associated with a variety of autoimmune diseases. Renal involvement has been reported in patients with thymoma. Minimal change disease and mem...

    Authors: Yasunori Miyamoto, Kouichi Hirayama, Hiroshi Maruyama, Kentaro Ohgi, Mamiko Takayasu, Homare Shimohata and Masaki Kobayashi

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:123

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  3. Content type: Case report

    Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) in transplant recipients are very rare and only a handful of cases have been reported to date. Here we present the first known case of a huge GIST in a kidney transplant...

    Authors: Ryohei Takahashi, Kazunobu Shinoda, Takashi Ishida, Yasuo Hamamoto, Shinya Morita, Hirotaka Akita, Sotaro Kitaoka, Satoshi Tamaki, Hiroshi Asanuma, Tadashi Yoshida, Masahiro Jinzaki, Kaori Kameyama and Mototsugu Oya

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:120

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  4. Content type: Case report

    The consequences of cocaine use are multisystemic, such as, for instance, renal failure, hepatotoxicity and pulmonary toxicity, with renal alterations being the focus of the present study. The use of substance...

    Authors: José Célio Costa Lima Filho, Maurício Yukio Ogawa, Tacilla Hanny de Souza Andrade, Sami de Andrade Cordeiro Gadelha, Paula Frassinetti Castelo Branco Camurça Fernandes, Anaiara Lucena Queiroz and Elizabeth De Francesco Daher

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:99

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  5. Content type: Case report

    Microangiopathic hemolytic anemias and thrombocytopenias in pregnant or postpartum women constitute an interdisciplinary diagnostic and therapeutic challenge in the evaluation of thrombotic microangiopathies (...

    Authors: Katharina Artinger, Gerald Hackl, Gernot Schilcher, Florian Eisner, Marion J. Pollheimer, Christoph Mache, Eva-Christine Weiss, Kathrin Eller and Philipp Eller

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:91

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  6. Content type: Case report

    Dasatinib is a second-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor that is indicated for the treatment of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia. Here, we report the case of a man with nephrotic syndrome that was caus...

    Authors: Shoko Ochiai, Yuji Sato, Akihiro Minakawa, Akihiro Fukuda and Shouichi Fujimoto

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:87

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  7. Content type: Case report

    Genvoya® (elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide) is a recent single regimen for the treatment of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). However, because of its complexity, it is difficult to...

    Authors: Rita Godinho, Serge Bugnon, Terezija Gracin and James Tataw

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:69

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  8. Content type: Case report

    Renal artery stenosis is one of the secondary causes of pediatric hypertension. Cases with critical unilateral renal artery stenosis manifesting with the hyponatremic hypertensive syndrome are rare and a compr...

    Authors: Jhao-Jhuang Ding, Shih-Hua Lin, Jin-Yao Lai, Tai-Wei Wu, Jing-Long Huang, Hung-Tao Chung and Min-Hua Tseng

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:64

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  9. Content type: Case report

    Proliferative glomerulonephritis with monoclonal IgG deposits (PGNMIGD) is a disease entity classified under the group of “Monoclonal gammopathy-related kidney diseases”, and can recur after transplant. Clinic...

    Authors: Jon Von Visger, Clarissa Cassol, Uday Nori, Gerardo Franco-Ahumada, Tibor Nadasdy and Anjali A. Satoskar

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:53

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  10. Content type: Case report

    Thrombospondin type-1 domain-containing 7A (THSD7A) is a target antigen in idiopathic membranous nephropathy (MN). Patients with THSD7A-associated MN are known to have a high possibility of developing malignan...

    Authors: Shinya Taguchi, Yoshiki Koshikawa, Shoya Ohyama, Hiroko Miyachi, Hiroaki Ozawa and Hiroaki Asada

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:43

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  11. Content type: Case report

    Anti-glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) disease is characterized by circulating IgG glomerular basement membrane antibodies and is clinically expressed as a rapidly progressive crescentic glomerulonephrit...

    Authors: Barbora Sporinova, Susanna A. McRae, Daniel A. Muruve, Marvin J. Fritzler, Samih H. Nasr, Alex C. Chin and Hallgrimur Benediktsson

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:29

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  12. Content type: Case report

    Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is characterized by excessive activation of the immune system due to infection, autoimmune diseases, or malignancy. As an aggressive and life-threatening clinical syndr...

    Authors: Bixia Gao, Xiaoyu Jia, Jicheng Lv and Jie Dong

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:27

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  13. Content type: Case report

    Anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) glomerulonephritis does not usually coexist with another glomerulonephritis such as IgA nephropathy. We present a rare case having a combination of these two diseases, a...

    Authors: Tadasu Kojima, Go Hirose, Shuuhei Komatsu, Taito Oshima, Kentaro Sugisaki, Tomohiro Tomiyasu, Noriko Yoshikawa, Muneharu Yamada and Takashi Oda

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:25

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  14. Content type: Case report

    Understanding the uncommon association of IgG4-related disease with other disorders is essential for the accurate diagnosis and effective treatment of patients. To the best of our knowledge, there have been on...

    Authors: Shen-Ju Gou, Lu-Jia Xue and Zhang-Xue Hu

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:23

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  15. Content type: Case report

    We report a 61-year-old female with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) secondary to polycystic kidney disease (PKD) complicated by intradialytic hypertension (IDH). Increased sympathetic drive leading to increased...

    Authors: Zachary Wolfmueller, Kunal Goyal and Bhanu Prasad

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:19

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  16. Content type: Case report

    The case report is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of embolization of a high-output idiopathic renal arteriovenous fistula (IRAVF) with an atrial septal defect occluder (ASDO) via venous access.

    Authors: Xiaomao Chen, Qingle Zeng, Peng Ye, Hongfei Miao and Yong Chen

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:15

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  17. Content type: Case report

    It is well known that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitors can cause proteinuria. The incidence of proteinuria is high for bevacizumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody directed against VEGF, bu...

    Authors: Ryo Yamada, Takao Okawa, Ken Matsuo, Makoto Suzuki, Noriko Mori and Kiyoshi Mori

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:14

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  18. Content type: Case report

    Goodpasture Syndrome (GS) is an autoimmune disease caused by the development of auto-antibodies against the Glomerular Basement Membrane (GBM). Linear deposit of immunoglobulins G on the GBM detected by immuno...

    Authors: V. Thibaud, N. Rioux-Leclercq, C. Vigneau and S. Morice

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:6

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  19. Content type: Case report

    Drug-induced nephrotic syndrome (NS) can be resolved by eliminating the causative agents. However, patients with metastatic cancer have not been previously reported to achieve complete recovery from anticancer...

    Authors: So-Yeon Jeon, Na-Ri Lee and Chang-Yeol Yim

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:1

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  20. Content type: Case report

    Lupus nephritis (LN) is one of the most common manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and is often the most serious organ complication and the cause of premature death of such a patient. Most of ...

    Authors: Marceli Lukaszewski, Kinga Kosiorowska, Dorota Kaminska, Marta Obremska, Oktawia Mazanowska and Magdalena Krajewska

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:372

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  21. Content type: Case report

    Uremic encephalopathy (UE), a toxic metabolic encephalopathy, is an uncommon complication resulting from endogenous uremic toxins in patients with severe renal failure. UE syndrome can range from mild inattent...

    Authors: Wen-Yu Gong, Shan-Shan Li, Zong-Chao Yu, Hong-Wei Wu, Liang-Hong Yin, Li-Fan Mei and Fan-Na Liu

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:370

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  22. Content type: Case report

    Bordetella pertussis infection is a known trigger of atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). For patients suspected of having atypical HUS, prompt plasma exchange/infusion (PE/PI) or eculizumab (ECZ) treatment ...

    Authors: Ken Saida, Masao Ogura, Yuji Kano, Shingo Ishimori, Takahisa Yoshikawa, Hiroko Nagata, Mai Sato, Koichi Kamei and Kenji Ishikura

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:365

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  23. Content type: Case report

    Although the renal toxicity of Deferasirox, an oral iron chelator, has been reported to be mild, there have been reports of acute interstitial nephritis or Fanconi syndrome due to this agent. Thin basement mem...

    Authors: Keiko Oda, Kan Katayama, Akiko Tanoue, Tomohiro Murata, Yumi Hirota, Shoko Mizoguchi, Yosuke Hirabayashi, Takayasu Ito, Eiji Ishikawa, Kaoru Dohi and Masaaki Ito

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:363

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  24. Content type: Case report

    Renal thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) is occasionally seen in biopsies with pauci-immune necrotizing crescentic glomerulonephritis (PCGN). Recent study indicated that the complement activation is more promine...

    Authors: Jianling Tao, Jonathan Lieberman, Richard A. Lafayette and Neeraja Kambham

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:355

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  25. Content type: Case report

    Baclofen is a centrally acting GABAB receptor agonist and it is used widely for the treatment of spasticity, persistent hiccups and multiple sclerosis. The renal system is the main route of excretion, thus people...

    Authors: Emad Khazneh, Alaa Shamlawi, Kamel Jebrin, Zakaria Hamdan and Osama Sawalmeh

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:352

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  26. Content type: Case report

    Maternally inherited diabetes and deafness (MIDD), a mitochondrial genetic disorder, typically affects the kidneys and results in end-stage renal disease. Early diagnosis of MIDD is challenging when renal mani...

    Authors: Keiji Sugai, Hiroyuki Ueda, Keita Morimoto, Mai Tanaka, Daisuke Takahashi, Akio Nakashima, Junichiro Kato, Hiroshi Takahashi, Yutaka Yamaguchi, Tetsuya Kawamura, Kazushige Hanaoka, Yoichi Miyazaki and Takashi Yokoo

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:350

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  27. Content type: Case report

    Post-transplant diabetes mellitus (PTDM) is an emerging problem in kidney transplantation, representing an important risk factor for kidney function loss. Diabetic nephropathy (DN) occurrence in transplanted k...

    Authors: Marilena Gregorini, Vincenzo Sepe, Francesca Eleonora Pattonieri, Anna Allesina and Teresa Rampino

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:348

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  28. Content type: Case report

    Peritoneal dialysis (PD)-associated infection caused by Mycobacterium spp. is rare. Mycobacterium abscessus is one of the most resistant acid-fast bacteria, and treatment is also the most difficult and refractory...

    Authors: Ryuichi Yoshimura, Miharu Kawanishi, Shungo Fujii, Aska Yamauchi, Kentaro Takase, Kaori Yoshikane, Masahiro Egawa, Hiroaki Shiina and Takafumi Ito

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:341

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  29. Content type: Case report

    Immunoglobulin heavy-and-light-chain amyloidosis (AHL amyloidosis) is a newly established disease entity where both the immunoglobulin heavy-chain and light-chain compose amyloid fibrils. The immunoglobulins r...

    Authors: Shun Manabe, Chihiro Iwasaki, Michiyasu Hatano, Fuyuki Kametani, Masahide Yazaki, Kosaku Nitta and Michio Nagata

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:337

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  30. Content type: Case report

    IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a newly recognized fibroinflammatory condition. The kidney is one of the organs commonly affected by IgG4-RD. Tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN) is the main feature, and membr...

    Authors: Atsushi Kitazawa, Ryo Koda, Atsunori Yoshino, Yoshihiko Ueda and Tetsuro Takeda

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:330

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  31. Content type: Case report

    Acyclovir is one of the most common prescribed antiviral drugs. Acyclovir nephrotoxicity occurs in approximately 12–48% of cases. It can present in clinical practice as acute kidney injury (AKI), crystal-induc...

    Authors: Jonathan S. Chávez-Iñiguez, Ramón Medina-Gonzalez, Lilia Aguilar-Parra, Eduardo J. Torres-Vázquez, Pablo Maggiani-Aguilera, Enrique Cervantes-Pérez and Guillermo García-García

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:324

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  32. Content type: Case report

    Monoclonal gammopathy of renal significance (MGRS) is a recently defined group of renal diseases caused by monoclonal immunoglobulin secreted by nonmalignant proliferative B cell or plasma cell. Monoclonal imm...

    Authors: Xiao-juan Yu, Xu-jie Zhou, Su-xia Wang, Fu-de Zhou and Ming-hui Zhao

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:322

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  33. Content type: Case report

    Infective complications following percutaneous renal biopsy are rare, even among immunocompromised. However it is important to be vigilant about such complications, to detect them early and prevent morbidity a...

    Authors: Prashan Buddhika Illeperuma, Harsha Anuruddhika Dissanayake and Eranga Sanjeewa Wijewickrama

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:319

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  34. Content type: Case report

    Kimura’s disease (KD) is a rare chronic inflammatory disorder with a high incidence of renal involvement. In this report, we present a case study of KD-associated nephrotic syndrome combined with minimal chang...

    Authors: Song Ren, Xin Yi Li, Fang Wang, Ping Zhang, Yuan Zhang, Gui Sen Li, Li Wang and Xiang Zhong

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:316

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  35. Content type: Case report

    Rapid decline in renal dysfunction due to primary renal lymphoma, or secondary renal lymphoma by infiltration from a primary origin, is extremely rare. There are notably few reports indicating infiltration of ...

    Authors: Ken Matsuda, Hirotaka Fukami, Ayako Saito, Hiroyuki Sato, Satoshi Aoki, Yoichi Takeuchi, Shinji Nakajima and Tasuku Nagasawa

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:312

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  36. Content type: Case report

    Patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) most commonly complain of gastrointestinal symptoms, such as diarrhea. Diarrhea negatively affects patient quality of life and has miscellaneous etiologies, such as C...

    Authors: Takaaki Higashihara, Akira Okada, Yukiko Kishida, Sayako Maruno, Mimiko Matsumura, Koichi Tamura and Hideki Takano

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:303

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  37. Content type: Case report

    Intravascular large B-cell lymphoma (IVLBCL) is a rare subtype of extranodal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma characterized by proliferation of B cells within small vessels. Herein, we report a case of a 77-year-...

    Authors: Yasuhiro Oda, Kunihiro Ishioka, Takayasu Ohtake, Shuku Sato, Yotaro Tamai, Rikako Oki, Kenji Matsui, Yasuhiro Mochida, Hidekazu Moriya, Sumi Hidaka and Shuzo Kobayashi

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:300

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  38. Content type: Case report

    Icodextrin is a starch-derived, water soluble glucose polymer, which is used as an alternative to glucose in order to enhance dialytic fluid removal in peritoneal dialysis patients. Although the safety and eff...

    Authors: Vassilios Liakopoulos, Panagiotis I Georgianos, Paraskevi Demirtzi, Vasilios Vaios, Theofanis Kalathas and Pantelis E Zebekakis

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:293

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  39. Content type: Case report

    Star fruit is a popular medicinal fruit in the tropics. Its hypoglycaemic properties are considered useful in achieving glycaemic control in diabetes. Star fruit induced nephrotoxicity is a rare cause of acute...

    Authors: Dilushi Rowena Wijayaratne, V. Bavanthan, M. V. C. de Silva, A. L. M. Nazar and Eranga S. Wijewickrama

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:288

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  40. Content type: Case report

    Hantavirus infection is an uncommon cause of acute renal failure with massive proteinuria. Serology tests to support a presumptive diagnosis usually take a few days. During the initial work-up, autoimmune caus...

    Authors: H. W. Zijlstra, A. H. L. Mulder, F. Geeraedts and F. Visser

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:286

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  41. Content type: Case report

    Lupus nephritis (LN) is a frequent severe complication of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), especially in patients of non-Caucasian ethnicity. Induction treatment for LN consists in the combination of steroi...

    Authors: Francesco Fontana, Gaetano Alfano, Marco Leonelli, Caterina Cerami, Giulia Ligabue, Amelia Spinella, Giorgia Citriniti, Carlo Umberto Manzini, Clodoveo Ferri and Gianni Cappelli

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:276

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