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Case Reports

This section welcomes submissions of case reports only.

Page 1 of 7

  1. Transplant renal artery stenosis (TRAS) is a serious vascular complication that occurs after renal transplantation and can result in hypertension, renal functional impairment, and graft loss. Endovascular trea...

    Authors: Xiangjun Dong, Yingliang Wang, Huimin Liang, Chuansheng Zheng, Hui Zhao, Hong yao Hu, Xi Long and Yangbo Su

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:439

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is an autoimmune polyneuropathy affecting the peripheral nervous system. This neurological disorder has been previously reported in bone marrow transplant recipients but is uncomm...

    Authors: Izabela Zakrocka, Iwona Baranowicz-Gąszczyk, Agnieszka Korolczuk and Wojciech Załuska

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:434

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Idiopathic membranous nephropathy (MN) is one of the major glomerulonephritis that cause nephrotic syndrome. The phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R) has recently been identified as an endogenous antigen of idiopath...

    Authors: Rei Iio, Shin’ichi Akiyama, Kensuke Mitsumoto, Yukimasa Iwata, Hiroki Okushima, Karin Shimada, Naomi Ota, Kodo Tomida, Hiroaki Fushimi, Tatsuya Shoji, Masanori Matsumoto and Terumasa Hayashi

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:431

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Minimal change disease (MCD) is one of the causes of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome in adults. The pathogenesis of proteinuria in MCD has not been fully understood. Recently, it has been reported that the recep...

    Authors: Keisuke Horikoshi, Norihiko Sakai, Naoki Yamamoto, Hisayuki Ogura, Koichi Sato, Taro Miyagawa, Shinji Kitajima, Tadashi Toyama, Akinori Hara, Yasunori Iwata, Miho Shimizu, Kengo Furuichi and Takashi Wada

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:416

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Concurrent type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and idiopathic nephrotic syndrome is rare, and most previously reported cases were in children. We report the case of an adult woman who developed T1DM and minimal ch...

    Authors: Ryuzoh Nishizono, Hiroki Kogou, Yuri Ishizaki, Akihiro Minakawa, Masao Kikuchi, Hiroko Inagaki, Yuji Sato and Shouichi Fujimoto

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:410

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Herein, a 3-year-old boy presented with hidden-onset isolated proteinuria was reported. The disease was induced by COQ8B (previously termed ADCK4) compound heterozygous variants, including c.[271C > T] and c.[737...

    Authors: Shu-bo Zhai, Li Zhang, Bai-chao Sun, Yan Zhang and Qing-shan Ma

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:406

    Content type: Case report

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  7. We here report on the first observation of a C3 mutation that is related to atypical hemolytic and uremic syndrome (aHUS), which occurred in a pancreatic islet transplant patient. Immunosuppressive treatments,...

    Authors: Thibault Bahougne, Jérome Olagne, Marion Munch, Laura Braun-Parvez, Marie-Pierrette Chenard, Véronique Frémeaux-Bacchi, Sophie Caillard, Philippe Baltzinger, Michel Greget, Laurence Kessler and Bruno Moulin

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:405

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Peritoneal dialysis (PD)-related peritonitis is a rare but serious complication and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality rates. It is most commonly caused by Staphylococcus aureus or Staphylococcu...

    Authors: Kristina Boss, Ina Wiegard-Szramek, Jan Dziobaka, Andreas Kribben and Sebastian Dolff

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:404

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Primary coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) deficiency of genetic origin is one of a few treatable focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). Renal morphologic evidence for COQ8B mutation and CoQ10 deficiencies of other gene mu...

    Authors: Yujiro Maeoka, Toshiki Doi, Masaho Aizawa, Kisho Miyasako, Shuma Hirashio, Yukinari Masuda, Yoshihito Kishita, Yasushi Okazaki, Kei Murayama, Toshiyuki Imasawa, Shigeo Hara and Takao Masaki

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:376

    Content type: Case report

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  10. When we encounter patients who present with both a neck mass and nephrotic syndrome, both malignancy and Kimura’s disease need to be evaluated as the therapeutic strategies differ vastly between them.

    Authors: Hayato Fujioka, Tsutomu Koike, Teruhiko Imamura, Kota Kakeshita, Hidenori Yamazaki, Hideharu Abe, Takahiko Nakajima and Koichiro Kinugawa

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:369

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Autosomal dominant tubulointerstitial kidney disease (ADTKD) caused by a pathogenic variant in UMOD (ADTKD-UMOD) is a rare group of diseases characterized by hyperuricaemia with decreased urinary excretion of ura...

    Authors: Ying Wang, Haibo Liu, Qingnan He, Zhuwen Yi, Yongzhen Li and Xiqiang Dang

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:368

    Content type: Case report

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  12. IgA nephropathy is the most common glomerulonephritis. Secondary IgA nephropathy complicated with systemic diseases, including psoriasis, is also often reported. Generalized pustular psoriasis is a form of pso...

    Authors: Yuka Segawa, Ryo Ishida, Fuminao Kanehisa, Kunihiro Nakai, Mari Morimoto, Masafumi Seno, Mayuka Nakayama, Tetsuro Kusaba, Norito Katoh and Keiichi Tamagaki

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:366

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Anti-low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 2 (LRP2) nephropathy/anti-brush border antibody (ABBA) disease is a disorder characterized by acute tubulointerstitial injury associated with circulating a...

    Authors: Xiaoye Zhu, Lingxue Tu, Shaojun Liu, Huaizhou You, Jun Xue and Chuanming Hao

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:364

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Mutations in the Wilms tumor 1 gene cause a spectrum of podocytopathy ranging from diffuse mesangial sclerosis to focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. In a considerable fraction of patients with Wilms tumor 1 muta...

    Authors: Daisuke Matsuoka, Shunsuke Noda, Motoko Kamiya, Yoshihiko Hidaka, Hisashi Shimojo, Yasushi Yamada, Tsutomu Miyamoto, Kandai Nozu, Kazumoto Iijima and Hiroyasu Tsukaguchi

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:362

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Up to one third of patients on renal replacement programmes have an unknown cause of kidney disease, and the diagnosis may only be established following renal transplantation when the disease recurs or if new ...

    Authors: Tayeba Roper, Mark Harber, Gareth Jones, Robert D. S. Pitceathly and Alan D. Salama

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:361

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Hypocomplementemic urticarial vasculitis syndrome is an infrequent condition characterized by ocular, renal, gastrointestinal and pulmonary involvement with low serum complement levels and autoantibodies. Rena...

    Authors: Kalliopi Vallianou, Chrysanthi Skalioti, George Liapis, John N. Boletis and Smaragdi Marinaki

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:351

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Genetic changes in the LIM homeobox transcription factor 1 beta (LMX1B) have been associated with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) without the extra-renal or ultrastructural manifestations of Nail-patell...

    Authors: Filippo Pinto e Vairo, Pavel N. Pichurin, Fernando C. Fervenza, Samih H. Nasr, Kevin Mills, Christopher T. Schmitz, Eric W. Klee and Sandra M. Herrmann

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:341

    Content type: Case report

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  18. MIRAGE syndrome is a recently discovered rare genetic disease characterized by myelodysplasia (M), infection (I), growth restriction (R), adrenal hypoplasia (A), genital phenotypes (G), and enteropathy (E), ca...

    Authors: Sho Ishiwa, Koichi Kamei, Kanako Tanase-Nakao, Shinsuke Shibata, Kunihiro Matsunami, Ichiro Takeuchi, Mai Sato, Kenji Ishikura and Satoshi Narumi

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:340

    Content type: Case report

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  19. The nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitor Tenofovir Alafenamide (TAF) is a novel pro-drug of tenofovir (TFV) and possesses a superior renal safety profile compared with tenofovir disoproxil fumerate (TDF)...

    Authors: Jack E. Heron, Mark Bloch, Vinay Vanguru, John Saunders and David M. Gracey

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:339

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Familial distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA) associated with mutations of solute carrier family 4 membrane − 1 (SLC4A1) gene could co-exist with red cell membrane abnormality, Southeast Asian ovalocytosis (SAO)....

    Authors: WMSN Gunaratne, DMDIB Dissanayake, KADS Jayaratne, NP Premawardhana and Sisira Siribaddana

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:327

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) is an ongoing pandemic which has affected over 12 million people across the globe. Manifestations in different organs systems are being reported regularly. Renal biopsy find...

    Authors: Rajib K. Gupta, Ramya Bhargava, Al-Aman Shaukat, Emily Albert and John Leggat

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:326

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Patients with End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) are at an increased risk for restrictive lung disease due to accumulation of uremic toxins and volume overload. Hemodialysis is the preferred treatment for improvin...

    Authors: Thatsaphan Srithongkul, Owen D. Lyons, Rose Faratro and Christopher T. Chan

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:322

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), a common subtype of thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA), is characterized by microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and acute kidney injury. Shiga toxin-producing Esche...

    Authors: Chuan Shi, Chao Li, Wei Ye, Wen-ling Ye and Ming-xi Li

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:319

    Content type: Case report

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  24. IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a newly classified but poorly understood immune-medicated systemic disease. It causes potential fibroinflammation in one or more organs, characterized by tumescent organs and ...

    Authors: Hui Wang, Tao Su, Lei Kang, Li Yang and Suxia Wang

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:315

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Sodium bicarbonate, in the form of baking soda, is widely used as a home remedy, and as an additive for personal and household cleaning products. Its toxicity has previously been reported following oral ingest...

    Authors: Carmen Elena Cervantes, Steven Menez, Bernard G. Jaar and Mohamad Hanouneh

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:296

    Content type: Case report

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  26. A number of disease processes can culminate in rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis, including pauci-immune focal segmental necrotising glomerulonephritis, usually seen with positive serum antineutrophil cyt...

    Authors: J. R. Galante, C. P. Daruwalla, I. S. D. Roberts, R. Haynes, B. C. Storey and M. J. Bottomley

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:295

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Cryoglobulins are cold-precipitable immunoglobulins that may cause systemic vasculitis including cryoglobulinaemic glomerulonephritis (CGN). Type 1 cryoglobulins consist of isolated monoclonal immunoglobulin (...

    Authors: Adam L. Flavell, Robert O. Fullinfaw, Edward R. Smith, Stephen G. Holt, Moira J. Finlay and Thomas D. Barbour

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:293

    Content type: Case report

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  28. The prognosis for renal function in anti-GBM glomerulonephritis (anti-GBM GN) is extremely poor, and when renal impairment progresses severely, it is difficult to expect improvement. In addition, it is also kn...

    Authors: Yuko Shibata, Kazuhito Fukuoka, Riyo Yokota, Heryon Lee, Hikaru Sayo, Noriko Ikegaya, Kiyotaka Mori, Jin Yamamoto, Aya Isomura, Kiyotaka Nagahama, Hiroaki Shimoyamada, Takahisa Kawakami, Yoshinori Komagata and Shinya Kaname

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:283

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Renal hypouricemia (RHUC) is a genetic disorder caused by mutations in the SLC22A12 gene, which encodes the major uric acid (UA) transporter, URAT1. The clinical course of related, living donor-derived RHUC in pa...

    Authors: Kiyokazu Tsuji, Mineaki Kitamura, Kumiko Muta, Yasushi Mochizuki, Takayasu Mori, Eisei Sohara, Shinichi Uchida, Hideki Sakai, Hiroshi Mukae and Tomoya Nishino

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:282

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Tetralogy of Fallot is the most common cyanotic congenital heart disease. Patients with the condition have a high risk of developing chronic kidney disease. Treatment of kidney disease in patients with complex...

    Authors: Tetsuya Abe, Togo Aoyama, Keiko Sano, Ryoma Miyasaka, Takuya Yamazaki, Yukari Honma, Hiroshi Tominaga, Maoko Ida, Aya Arao, Mayuko Sakakibara, Keiko Hashimoto, Haruka Takahashi, Takeshi Sakai, Shokichi Naito, Toshimi Koitabashi, Takashi Sano…

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:277

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors are a relatively novel class of oral medications for the treatment of Type 2 DM with a generally acceptable safety profile. However, these agents have been a...

    Authors: Erasmia Sampani, Pantelis Sarafidis, Chrysostomos Dimitriadis, Efstratios Kasimatis, Dimitra Daikidou, Konstantinos Bantis, Alexios Papanikolaou and Aikaterini Papagianni

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:276

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Erythropoietin-stimulating agents (ESAs) are used to treat anemia in patients with chronic kidney disease, enabling maintenance of stable hemoglobin levels and eliminating the need for multiple transfusions. E...

    Authors: Yasuki Shingu, Tomohiro Nakata, Shinji Sawai, Hisaya Tanaka, Osamu Asai, Keiichi Tamagaki and Kimihiko Nakatani

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:275

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Medical investigation is a favorite application of Ockham’s razor, in virtue of which when presented with competing hypotheses, the solution with the fewest assumptions should be privileged. Hemolytic uremic s...

    Authors: Chloe Schwarz, Alice Brehon, Cyril Mousseaux, Yosu Luque, Patricia Senet, Patricia Mariani, Inna Mohamadou, Lara Zafrani, Véronique Frémeaux-Bacchi, Eric Rondeau, David Buob and Cédric Rafat

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:269

    Content type: Case report

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  34. Setting the dry weight and maintaining fluid balance is still a difficult challenge in dialysis patients. Overhydration is common and associated with increased cardiac morbidity and mortality. Pulmonary hypert...

    Authors: Anne Rudbeck Juhl, Jesper Juul Larsen, Kasper Rossing and Lisbet Brandi

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:266

    Content type: Case report

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  35. Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) is a common high-risk factor for mortality in end-stage renal disease, and parathyromatosis and supernumerary parathyroid glands are very rare causes of persistent SHPT. Pr...

    Authors: Jun Yang, Jun Zhang, Ning-hu Liu, Hao Liu and Meng-jie Dong

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:257

    Content type: Case report

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  36. The occurrences of hyperuricemia and acute kidney injury after antithymocyte globulin treatment are unusual in kidney transplant recipients. Here, we report a unique case of acute kidney injury with extreme hy...

    Authors: Yohan Park, Byung Ha Chung, Cheol Whee Park, Yong-Soo Kim and Chul Woo Yang

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:251

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Constrictive pericarditis is easily overlooked and can lead to severe problems in hemodynamics and end-organ perfusion, in our patient leading to 98 days of anuria after living kidney transplantation. This was...

    Authors: Caroline Wacker, Michael Weyand, Mario Schiffer and Mirian Opgenoorth

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:241

    Content type: Case report

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  38. Preeclampsia (PE) refers to the development of hypertension and new-onset proteinuria or progressive organ damage (especially kidney) in a previously normotensive pregnant women after 20 weeks of gestation. Th...

    Authors: Tomo Suzuki, Daisuke Ichikawa, Mayumi Nakata, Shiika Watanabe, Wei Han, Kaori Kohatsu, Sayuri Shirai, Naohiko Imai, Junki Koike and Yugo Shibagaki

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:240

    Content type: Case report

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  39. Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) is a life-threatening disease that leads to end-stage kidney disease if only a poor response to plasma exchanges (PEs) or eculizumab therapy is achieved.

    Authors: Yusuke Kuroki, Koji Mitsuiki, Kaneyasu Nakagawa, Kazuhiko Tsuruya, Ritsuko Katafuchi, Hideki Hirakata and Toshiaki Nakano

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:236

    Content type: Case report

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  40. Sarcoidosis is a multisystem inflammatory disorder and can affect any organ; however, ureteric involvement is extremely rare with only four cases reported in the literature to date, all of which were diagnosed...

    Authors: Michikata Hayashida, Akihiro Yano, Kiichi Hagiwara, Shoichi Nagamoto, Kohei Ogawa, Kazushige Sakaguchi, Naoki Sawa, Toshikazu Okaneya and Shinji Urakami

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:235

    Content type: Case report

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  41. Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease is a recognized complication following solid organ transplantation. This is usually a B cell disease and frequently associated with Epstein Barr virus infection, alt...

    Authors: Emily K. Glover, R. Alexander Speight, Despina Televantou, Stephanie Needham and Neil S. Sheerin

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:220

    Content type: Case report

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  42. Patients with end-stage renal disease undergoing chronic hemodialysis (HD) are at high risk to develop tuberculosis (TB) associated with a high mortality rate. TB diagnosis is often delayed due to non-specific...

    Authors: Florence Bonkain, Dieter De Clerck, Violette Dirix, Mahavir Singh, Camille Locht, Françoise Mascart and Véronique Corbière

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:214

    Content type: Case report

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  43. Thrombotic microangiopathies (TMAs) occurring in the postpartum period may be difficult to manage. They present as the combination of mechanical hemolytic anemia and consumption thrombocytopenia due to endothe...

    Authors: Cyril Mousseaux, Bérangère S. Joly, Inna Mohamadou, Romain Arrestier, Alexandre Hertig and Cédric Rafat

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:204

    Content type: Case report

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  44. The kidney is a major target in primary antiphospholipid syndrome. Several types of nephropathy have been reported, the most frequent being acute or chronic specific vascular nephropathies and membranous nephr...

    Authors: Maxime Teisseyre, Hélène Perrochia, Pascal Reboul, Sylvain Cariou, Sophie Renaud, Cédric Aglae and Olivier Moranne

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:196

    Content type: Case report

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  45. Fibrillary glomerulonephritis (FGN) is distinguished from amyloidosis by thicker fibrils and the lack of staining with histochemical dyes typically reactive with amyloid. However, congophilic FGN has been prop...

    Authors: Misa Adachi, Mineaki Kitamura, Kumiko Muta, Akihiro Maekawa, Tadashi Uramatsu, Masato Tadokoro, Satoshi Funakoshi, Satoshi Hisano, Naomi Kuwahara, Akira Shimizu, Hiroshi Mukae and Tomoya Nishino

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:195

    Content type: Case report

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  46. Arterial reconstruction is one of the paramount procedures in kidney transplantation (KT) and greatly important if the procured kidney has multiple renal arteries (MRA). Despite various established techniques ...

    Authors: Mitsuru Tomizawa, Shunta Hori, Nobutaka Nishimura, Chihiro Omori, Yasushi Nakai, Makito Miyake, Tatsuo Yoneda and Kiyohide Fujimoto

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:190

    Content type: Case report

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