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Case Reports

This section welcomes submissions of case reports only.

Page 1 of 5

  1. Secondary hyperparathyroidism is a common complication in patients with chronic kidney disease that requires vigilant treatment due to its high mortality rate. Pharmacologic therapy is recommended as an initia...

    Authors: Ho-Ryun Won, Jae Yoon Kang, In Ho Lee, Jin-Man Kim, Jae Won Chang and Bon Seok Koo

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:414

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Persistent hyperparathyroidism after kidney transplantation has been associated with adverse outcomes. Parathyroidectomy is the definitive treatment approach, but the success of parathyroidectomy relies on the...

    Authors: Jun Yang, Jun Zhang, Jian-li Bi, Wan-wen Weng and Meng-jie Dong

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:405

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Cystinosis is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder characterized by accumulation of cystine in lysosomes throughout the body. Cystinosis is caused by mutations in the CTNS gene that encodes the lysos...

    Authors: Svetlana Papizh, Victoria Serzhanova, Alexandra Filatova, Mikhail Skoblov, Vyacheslav Tabakov, Lambert van den Heuvel, Elena Levtchenko and Larisa Prikhodina

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:400

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Sebaceous carcinoma is a rare but progressive malignant skin cancer, and the incidence is approximately five times higher in post-transplant patients than in people who have not received kidney transplants. Se...

    Authors: Masahiro Tomonari, Mariko Shimada, Yasuyuki Nakada, Izumi Yamamoto, Munenari Itoh, Yusuke Koike, Akimitsu Kobayashi, Jun Miki, Hiroki Yamada, Takahiro Kimura, Shinya Saito, Kokichi Sugano, Shigeki Sekine, Hiroyasu Yamamoto, Akihiko Asahina and Takashi Yokoo

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:394

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Online hemodiafiltration (OL-HDF) is associated with better removal of both small and middle molecules and might improve survival compared to conventional hemodialysis (HD). Nevertheless, hemodiafiltration (HD...

    Authors: Charles Cuvelier, Michel Tintillier, Gabriela Migali, Charlotte Van Ende and Jean-Michel Pochet

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:392

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Neuropsychiatric conditions such as depression, delirium and cognitive impairment are common in patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) and individuals suffering from ESKD are more likely to commit suici...

    Authors: Pierre Antoine Brown, Peter O. Magner, Swapnil Hiremath and Edward G. Clark

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:390

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Liddle syndrome is a monogenic disease with autosomal dominant inheritance. Basic characteristics of this disease are hypertension, reduced concentration of aldosterone and renin activity, as well as increased...

    Authors: Anastasiya A. Kozina, Tatiana A. Trofimova, Elena G. Okuneva, Natalia V. Baryshnikova, Varvara A. Obuhova, Anna Yu. Krasnenko, Kirill Yu. Tsukanov, Olesya I. Klimchuk, Ekaterina I. Surkova, Peter A. Shatalov and Valery V. Ilinsky

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:389

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) is an acute disease caused by hantavirus infection and is clinically characterized by fever, various hemorrhagic manifestations and transient renal and hepatic dysf...

    Authors: Li Zhang, Qing-shan Ma, Yan Zhang, Bai-chao Sun and Leng-yue Zhao

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:383

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Background: The pathological findings of tonsils in IgA nephropathy include the expansion of T-cell nodules around lymphoid follicles and abnormal reticulation of the crypt epithelium in contrast to chronic to...

    Authors: Takuji Enya, Tomoki Miyazawa, Kohei Miyazaki, Rina Oshima, Yuichi Morimoto, Mitsuru Okada, Tsukasa Takemura and Keisuke Sugimoto

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:381

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Lipofuscin deposition is a characteristic manifestation of aging. There is very limited literature in humans and in animals describing these deposits in native kidneys. Overall, it is thought to be non-pathoge...

    Authors: Vivian W. Y. Leung, Sarah-Jeanne Pilon, Pierre O. Fiset and Shaifali Sandal

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:376

    Content type: Case report

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  11. TAFRO syndrome is a systemic inflammatory disorder that manifests as thrombocytopenia (T), anasarca (A), fever (F), reticulin fibrosis (R), and organomegaly (O). Renal dysfunction is frequently complicated wit...

    Authors: Yoshikuni Nagayama, Mizuki Yamano, Motoka Yagame, Tomoyuki Nariyama, Mikiko Takahashi, Masashi Kawamoto and Katsuyuki Matsui

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:375

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Heavy metal poisoning can cause debilitating illness if left untreated, and its management in anuric patients poses challenges. Literature with which to guide clinical practice in this area is rather scattered.

    Authors: Chun-Yuan Hsiao, Chip Gresham and Mark R. Marshall

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:374

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Acute kidney injury (AKI), which may progress to end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), is a potential complication of aortic dissection. Notably, in all reported ESKD cases secondary to aortic dissection, imaging e...

    Authors: Yoshihiro Mukaiyama, Akira Okada, Yutaro Kawakatsu, Satoshi Akuzawa, Kazuchika Suzuki, Naoyuki Ishigami and Tatsuo Yamamoto

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:368

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors (ICPIs) are promising new drugs in treatment of advanced tumours targeting cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA-4) and programmed cell death protein-1 (PD1) or its ligand (PDL-1)...

    Authors: Mathilde Lemoine, Baptiste Dilly, Alexandre Curie, Vivien Hébert, Charlotte Laurent, Mélanie Hanoy, Steven Grangé, Dominique Guerrot, Arnaud François and Dominique Bertrand

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:366

    Content type: Case report

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  15. 17q12 deletion syndrome encompasses a broad constellation of clinical phenotypes, including renal magnesium wasting, maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY), renal cysts, genitourinary malformations, and n...

    Authors: Howard J. Li, Catherine Groden, Melanie P. Hoenig, Evan C. Ray, Carlos R. Ferreira, Willam Gahl and Danica Novacic

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:353

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Kidney transplantation is the treatment of choice in end-stage renal disease due to Alport syndrome (AS). However, the chances of finding an adequate living-related donor in AS are much worse compared to non-h...

    Authors: Friederike Petzold, Anette Bachmann, Carsten Bergmann, Udo Helmchen and Jan Halbritter

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:340

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) may manifest non-nephrotic range proteinuria, but is rarely complicated with nephrotic syndrome. Limited number of reports describe the histology of ADPKD w...

    Authors: Yasuhiro Oda, Naoki Sawa, Eiko Hasegawa, Hiroki Mizuno, Masahiro Kawada, Akinari Sekine, Rikako Hiramatsu, Masayuki Yamanouchi, Noriko Hayami, Tatsuya Suwabe, Junichi Hoshino, Kenmei Takaichi, Keiichi Kinowaki, Kenichi Ohashi, Takeshi Fujii and Yoshifumi Ubara

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:337

    Content type: Case report

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  18. The value of ANCA positivity in the setting of systemic lupus erythematous and their pathogenicity remains uncertain.

    Authors: Marie Lemerle, Anne-Sophie Garnier, Anne Croue, Alain Chevailler, Jean-Paul Saint-André, Jean-François Subra, Jean-François Augusto and Julien Demiselle

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:334

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Proteinuria is a common clinical presentation, the diagnostic workup for which involves many non-invasive and invasive investigations. We report on two siblings that highlight the clinically relevant functiona...

    Authors: Kushani Jayasinghe, Susan M. White, Peter G. Kerr, Duncan MacGregor, Zornitza Stark, Ella Wilkins, Cas Simons, Andrew Mallett and Catherine Quinlan

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:330

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Podocyte infolding glomerulopathy (PIG) is a rare histopathologic finding with global infolding of the podocytes into the glomerular basement membrane (GBM), accompanied by microstructures underneath. Describe...

    Authors: Fabian Wöstmann, Roman-Ulrich Müller, Heike Göbel, Thomas Benzing, Jan U. Becker and Malte P. Bartram

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:326

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Glomerulopathy with fibronectin deposits is an autosomal dominant disease associated with proteinuria, hematuria, hypertension and renal function decline. Forty percent of the cases are caused by mutations in FN1

    Authors: Maria Luíza Gonçalves dos Reis Monteiro, Fabiano Bichuette Custódio, Precil Diego Miranda de Menezes Neves, Frederico Moraes Ferreira, Elieser Hitoshi Watanabe, Antônio Marcondes Lerário, Liliane Silvano de Araújo, Bruno Eduardo Pedroso Balbo, Vívian Christine Dourado Pinto, Lívia Maria Gruli Barbosa, Vilmar de Paiva Marques, Juliana Reis Machado, Marlene Antônia Reis and Luiz Fernando Onuchic

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:322

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Lysozyme amyloidosis is a rare hereditary systemic amyloidosis with amyloid deposits in various tissues leading to progressive organ failure. It has been mainly reported in developed countries since 1993. Here...

    Authors: Zhenyu Li, Hui Xu, Dan Liu, Danyang Li, Gang Liu and Su-xia Wang

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:310

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) is a disorder of the microvasculature with hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia and acute kidney injury. Nowadays, aHUS is successfully treated with eculizumab, a humani...

    Authors: Subagini Nagarajah, Martin Tepel, Christian Nielsen, Kristian Assing, Yaseelan Palarasah, Lise Lotte Torvin Andersen, Lotte Borg Lange and Claus Bistrup

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:307

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Transplant failure requires the consideration of numerous potential causes including rejection, acute tubular necrosis, infection, and recurrence of the original kidney disease. Kidney biopsy is generally requ...

    Authors: Linus A. Völker, Katharina Burkert, Niklas Scholten, Franziska Grundmann, Christine Kurschat, Thomas Benzing, Jürgen Hampl, Jan Ulrich Becker and Roman-Ulrich Müller

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:296

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Proliferative glomerulonephritis with monoclonal Immunoglobulin (G) deposits (PGNMID) is a rare kind of MGRS with intact monoclonal IgG deposition. Seventy percent of PGNMID patients were negative for M-spike.

    Authors: Xiao-juan Yu, Nan Hu, Su-xia Wang, Fu-de Zhou and Ming-hui Zhao

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:275

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Monogenic mutations may be a significant cause of steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome. NUP93 is a gene previously reported to cause isolated steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome.

    Authors: Ibrahim Sandokji, Jonathan Marquez, Weizhen Ji, Cynthia A. Zerillo, Monica Konstantino, Saquib A. Lakhani, Mustafa K. Khokha and Jillian K. Warejko

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:271

    Content type: Case report

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  27. IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) often affects multiple organs and tissues, especially the kidneys, and is characterized by interstitial nephritis, obstructive nephropathy, and in rare cases glomerulopathy (incl...

    Authors: Nan-Nan Zhang, Yan-Yun Wang, Ling-Xin Kong, Wan-Zhong Zou and Bao Dong

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:263

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Thin basement membrane nephropathy (TBMN) is a relatively common disease. Patients typically present with isolated hematuria, which has a good renal prognosis. In contrast, glomerulocystic kidney disease (GCKD...

    Authors: Hiroyuki Hashimoto, Naro Ohashi, Naoko Tsuji, Yoshitaka Naito, Shinsuke Isobe, Tomoyuki Fujikura, Takayuki Tsuji, Akihiko Kato, Kandai Nozu, Kazumoto Iijima and Hideo Yasuda

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:248

    Content type: Case report

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  29. For patients with end stage renal disease undergoing hemodialysis, erythrocytosis occurs rarely. Erythrocytosis increases the risk of thrombosis, which is a common complication in hemodialysis patients. The ri...

    Authors: Shree Agrawal, Preethi Ramachandran, Rupinder Gill, Samuel Spitalewitz, Douglas Gunzler, Marcia R. Silver, Edward J. Horwitz and Jeffrey R. Schelling

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:235

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Acute renal failure is a rare occurrence in a patient with an unremarkable past medical history and should always lead to an in depth clinical study. The occurrence in the same healthy young subject, of consec...

    Authors: V. Esposito, D. Catucci, M. Colucci, M. Torreggiani, F. Grosjean and C. Esposito

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:229

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Primary hyperoxaluria (PH) is a rare inborn disorder of the metabolism of glyoxylate, which causes the hallmark production oxalate and forms insoluble calcium oxalate crystals that accumulate in the kidney and...

    Authors: Ruiming Cai, Minzhuang Lin, Zhiyong Chen, Yongtong Lai, Xianen Huang, Guozhi Zhao, Xuekun Guo, Zhongtang Xiong, Juan Chen, Hui Chen, Qingping Jiang, Shaoyan Liu, Yuexin Yang, Weixiang Liang, Minhui Zou, Tao Liu…

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:224

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Bacterial peritonitis is a serious complication of patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD). Although the identification of causative organisms and use of appropriate antibiotics are essential for treatmen...

    Authors: Katsuyuki Tanabe, Shugo Okamoto, Sumie Hiramatsu Asano and Jun Wada

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:219

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Successful pregnancy outcomes after in vitro fertilization in kidney transplant recipients have been reported, but few cases of successful pregnancy after ABO-incompatible kidney transplantation have been desc...

    Authors: Akihiro Kosoku, Junji Uchida, Keiko Maeda, Yuki Yoshikawa, Akihiro Hamuro, Hisao Shimada, Kazuya Kabei, Shunji Nishide, Tomoaki Iwai, Nobuyuki Kuwabara, Toshihide Naganuma, Norihiko Kumada, Yoshiaki Takemoto and Tatsuya Nakatani

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:206

    Content type: Case report

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  34. Persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) is a common vena cava malformation, and drains blood into the right atrium via the dilated coronary sinus in most cases. It is usually asymptomatic and detected incid...

    Authors: Huisi He, Bingyang Li, Yiyi Ma, Yuqiang Zhang, Chaoyang Ye, Changlin Mei, Shengqiang Yu, Bing Dai and Yawei Liu

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:202

    Content type: Case report

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  35. Peritonitis is a common cause of catheter removal and mortality in the patient undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD). Various pathogenic organisms have been identified as the etiology of PD-related peritonitis, ...

    Authors: Panai Song, Jun Deng, Tao Hou, Xiao Fu, Lei Zhang, Lin Sun and Yinghong Liu

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:180

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Nephronophthisis (NPHP) is an autosomal recessive hereditary disease with highly variable clinical characteristics for which 20 genes (NPHP1–20) have been identified. NPHP1 is the major subtype leading to pediatr...

    Authors: Yiting Wang, Feng Chen, Jiali Wang, Yingwang Zhao and Fang Liu

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:173

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (DI) secondary to a urinary tract obstruction is a rare condition. Herein, we report a case of partial nephrogenic DI due to obstructive uropathy in a patient with Castleman’s di...

    Authors: Minah Kim, Hong Sang Choi, Eun Hui Bae, Seong Kwon Ma, Soo Wan Kim and Chang Seong Kim

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:168

    Content type: Case report

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  38. Unintentional renal artery occlusion after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysm remains one of the most unfavorable complications. Renal salvage options include percutaneous transl...

    Authors: Atsuko Uehara, Tomo Suzuki, Soichiro Hase, Hirofumi Sumi, Satoshi Hachisuka, Eisuke Fujimoto, Kouichirou Aida, Ryuto Nakazawa, Hideo Sasaki, Junki Koike, Tatsuya Chikaraishi, Yugo Shibagaki and Yuhji Marui

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:160

    Content type: Case report

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  39. Haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) is a thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) characterized by predominant renal involvement. Several types of HUS can be distinguished: the most frequent « typical » HUS, due to shig...

    Authors: Stéphane Bally, Jacques Fourcade and Véronique Frémeaux-Bacchi

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:157

    Content type: Case report

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  40. Galloway-Mowat syndrome (GAMOS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by early-onset nephrotic syndrome and microcephaly with brain anomalies. WDR73 pathogenic variants were described as the first ...

    Authors: Andrea Domingo-Gallego, Mónica Furlano, Marc Pybus, Daniel Barraca, Ana Belén Martínez, Emiliano Mora Muñoz, Roser Torra and Elisabet Ars

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:126

    Content type: Case report

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  41. Thymic hyperplasia and thymic epithelial tumor (thymoma) have been associated with a variety of autoimmune diseases. Renal involvement has been reported in patients with thymoma. Minimal change disease and mem...

    Authors: Yasunori Miyamoto, Kouichi Hirayama, Hiroshi Maruyama, Kentaro Ohgi, Mamiko Takayasu, Homare Shimohata and Masaki Kobayashi

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:123

    Content type: Case report

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  42. Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) in transplant recipients are very rare and only a handful of cases have been reported to date. Here we present the first known case of a huge GIST in a kidney transplant...

    Authors: Ryohei Takahashi, Kazunobu Shinoda, Takashi Ishida, Yasuo Hamamoto, Shinya Morita, Hirotaka Akita, Sotaro Kitaoka, Satoshi Tamaki, Hiroshi Asanuma, Tadashi Yoshida, Masahiro Jinzaki, Kaori Kameyama and Mototsugu Oya

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:120

    Content type: Case report

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