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Case Reports

This section welcomes submissions of case reports only.

Page 1 of 5

  1. The commonly used methods for amyloid typing include immunofluorescence or immunohistochemistry (IHC), which sometimes may come with diagnostic pitfalls. Mass spectrometry (MS)-based proteomics has been recogn...

    Authors: Danyang Li, Dan Liu, Hui Xu, Xiao-juan Yu, Fu-de Zhou, Ming-hui Zhao and Su-xia Wang

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:476

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  2. Poststreptococcal acute glomerulonephritis (PSAGN) in the elderly tends to have a severe clinical course and often presents with crescentic necrotizing glomerulonephritis in the renal biopsy. However, vasculit...

    Authors: Keiko Yano, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Takashi Oda, Yoshihiko Ueda, Tatsuo Tsukamoto and Eri Muso

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:471

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Fabry disease (FD) is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder caused by mutations of the GLA gene, followed by deficiency in α-galactosidase A (α-gal) activity. Nephrotic syndrome, as the renal phenotype of FD, is...

    Authors: Hironobu Fujisawa, Yosuke Nakayama, Shoichiro Nakao, Ryo Yamamoto, Yuka Kurokawa, Nao Nakamura, Akiko Nagata, Takahiro Tsukimura, Tadayasu Togawa, Hitoshi Sakuraba and Kei Fukami

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:469

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Although most cases of tubulointerstitial nephritis in paraproteinemia are monoclonal light chain deposition-mediated, interstitial nephritis as neoplastic interstitial cell infiltration has rarely been descri...

    Authors: Takako Saeki, Takashi Kuroha, Yuya Sato, Maasa Tamura, Akira Iguchi, Tomoyuki Ito, Hajime Yamazaki, Yumi Ito, Kazuhiro Yoshita, Naofumi Imai, Ichiei Narita and Hiroyuki Usuda

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:464

    Content type: Case report

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  5. C3 glomerulonephritis (C3GN) is a rare disease caused by inherited or acquired complement alternative pathway (CAP) dysregulation, which could also be secondary to monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined signifi...

    Authors: Lin-Lin Li, Zhi-Ying Li, Su-Xia Wang, Xiao-Juan Yu, Ying Tan, Yu Wang, Feng Yu and Ming-Hui Zhao

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:459

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Galactomannan index (GMI) at a level higher than 0.5 provides high sensitivity and specificity for the diagnosis of fungal peritonitis. Here, we report the false-positive of GMI in peritoneal dialysis (PD) eff...

    Authors: Tamonwan Chamroensakchai, Wasin Manuprasert, Asada Leelahavanichkul, Kullaya Takkavatakarn, Nisa Thongbor, Bunpring Jaroenpattrawut and Talerngsak Kanjanabuch

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:445

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Experimental studies have demonstrated that hypersecretion of growth hormone (GH) is associated with development of glomerular sclerosis. However, clinical case of such condition is very rare. Here we presente...

    Authors: Jia Zheng, Zhao Cui, Ji-cheng Lv, Hong-zhou Duan, Su-xia Wang, Jun-qing Zhang, Fu-de Zhou, Xiao-hui Guo and Ming-hui Zhao

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:435

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Renal hypouricemia (RHUC) is an inherited heterogenous disorder caused by faulty urate reabsorption transporters in the renal proximal tubular cells. Anaerobic exercise may induce acute kidney injury in indivi...

    Authors: Yoshitaka Furuto, Mariko Kawamura, Akio Namikawa, Hiroko Takahashi, Yuko Shibuya, Takayasu Mori and Eisei Sohara

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:433

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a hereditary disease characterized by the presence of renal cysts. Over time the expanding cysts lead to progressive renal failure. The use of tolvaptan,...

    Authors: Angela Maria Pellegrino, Luigi Annicchiarico Petruzzelli, Eleonora Riccio and Antonio Pisani

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:426

    Content type: Case report

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  10. IgG4-related disease, described around the years 2000 as a form of autoimmune pancreatitis, is now increasingly accepted as a systemic syndrome. The diagnosis is based on both comprehensive and organ-specific ...

    Authors: Giorgia Comai, Vania Cuna, Benedetta Fabbrizio, Elena Sabattini, Ornella Leone, Francesco Tondolo, Andrea Angeletti, Maria Cappuccilli, Rocco Liguori and Gaetano La Manna

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:418

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Secondary hyperparathyroidism is a common complication in patients with chronic kidney disease that requires vigilant treatment due to its high mortality rate. Pharmacologic therapy is recommended as an initia...

    Authors: Ho-Ryun Won, Jae Yoon Kang, In Ho Lee, Jin-Man Kim, Jae Won Chang and Bon Seok Koo

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:414

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Persistent hyperparathyroidism after kidney transplantation has been associated with adverse outcomes. Parathyroidectomy is the definitive treatment approach, but the success of parathyroidectomy relies on the...

    Authors: Jun Yang, Jun Zhang, Jian-li Bi, Wan-wen Weng and Meng-jie Dong

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:405

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Cystinosis is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder characterized by accumulation of cystine in lysosomes throughout the body. Cystinosis is caused by mutations in the CTNS gene that encodes the lysos...

    Authors: Svetlana Papizh, Victoria Serzhanova, Alexandra Filatova, Mikhail Skoblov, Vyacheslav Tabakov, Lambert van den Heuvel, Elena Levtchenko and Larisa Prikhodina

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:400

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Sebaceous carcinoma is a rare but progressive malignant skin cancer, and the incidence is approximately five times higher in post-transplant patients than in people who have not received kidney transplants. Se...

    Authors: Masahiro Tomonari, Mariko Shimada, Yasuyuki Nakada, Izumi Yamamoto, Munenari Itoh, Yusuke Koike, Akimitsu Kobayashi, Jun Miki, Hiroki Yamada, Takahiro Kimura, Shinya Saito, Kokichi Sugano, Shigeki Sekine, Hiroyasu Yamamoto, Akihiko Asahina and Takashi Yokoo

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:394

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Online hemodiafiltration (OL-HDF) is associated with better removal of both small and middle molecules and might improve survival compared to conventional hemodialysis (HD). Nevertheless, hemodiafiltration (HD...

    Authors: Charles Cuvelier, Michel Tintillier, Gabriela Migali, Charlotte Van Ende and Jean-Michel Pochet

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:392

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Neuropsychiatric conditions such as depression, delirium and cognitive impairment are common in patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) and individuals suffering from ESKD are more likely to commit suici...

    Authors: Pierre Antoine Brown, Peter O. Magner, Swapnil Hiremath and Edward G. Clark

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:390

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Liddle syndrome is a monogenic disease with autosomal dominant inheritance. Basic characteristics of this disease are hypertension, reduced concentration of aldosterone and renin activity, as well as increased...

    Authors: Anastasiya A. Kozina, Tatiana A. Trofimova, Elena G. Okuneva, Natalia V. Baryshnikova, Varvara A. Obuhova, Anna Yu. Krasnenko, Kirill Yu. Tsukanov, Olesya I. Klimchuk, Ekaterina I. Surkova, Peter A. Shatalov and Valery V. Ilinsky

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:389

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) is an acute disease caused by hantavirus infection and is clinically characterized by fever, various hemorrhagic manifestations and transient renal and hepatic dysf...

    Authors: Li Zhang, Qing-shan Ma, Yan Zhang, Bai-chao Sun and Leng-yue Zhao

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:383

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Background: The pathological findings of tonsils in IgA nephropathy include the expansion of T-cell nodules around lymphoid follicles and abnormal reticulation of the crypt epithelium in contrast to chronic to...

    Authors: Takuji Enya, Tomoki Miyazawa, Kohei Miyazaki, Rina Oshima, Yuichi Morimoto, Mitsuru Okada, Tsukasa Takemura and Keisuke Sugimoto

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:381

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Lipofuscin deposition is a characteristic manifestation of aging. There is very limited literature in humans and in animals describing these deposits in native kidneys. Overall, it is thought to be non-pathoge...

    Authors: Vivian W. Y. Leung, Sarah-Jeanne Pilon, Pierre O. Fiset and Shaifali Sandal

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:376

    Content type: Case report

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  21. TAFRO syndrome is a systemic inflammatory disorder that manifests as thrombocytopenia (T), anasarca (A), fever (F), reticulin fibrosis (R), and organomegaly (O). Renal dysfunction is frequently complicated wit...

    Authors: Yoshikuni Nagayama, Mizuki Yamano, Motoka Yagame, Tomoyuki Nariyama, Mikiko Takahashi, Masashi Kawamoto and Katsuyuki Matsui

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:375

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Heavy metal poisoning can cause debilitating illness if left untreated, and its management in anuric patients poses challenges. Literature with which to guide clinical practice in this area is rather scattered.

    Authors: Chun-Yuan Hsiao, Chip Gresham and Mark R. Marshall

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:374

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Acute kidney injury (AKI), which may progress to end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), is a potential complication of aortic dissection. Notably, in all reported ESKD cases secondary to aortic dissection, imaging e...

    Authors: Yoshihiro Mukaiyama, Akira Okada, Yutaro Kawakatsu, Satoshi Akuzawa, Kazuchika Suzuki, Naoyuki Ishigami and Tatsuo Yamamoto

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:368

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors (ICPIs) are promising new drugs in treatment of advanced tumours targeting cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA-4) and programmed cell death protein-1 (PD1) or its ligand (PDL-1)...

    Authors: Mathilde Lemoine, Baptiste Dilly, Alexandre Curie, Vivien Hébert, Charlotte Laurent, Mélanie Hanoy, Steven Grangé, Dominique Guerrot, Arnaud François and Dominique Bertrand

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:366

    Content type: Case report

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  25. 17q12 deletion syndrome encompasses a broad constellation of clinical phenotypes, including renal magnesium wasting, maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY), renal cysts, genitourinary malformations, and n...

    Authors: Howard J. Li, Catherine Groden, Melanie P. Hoenig, Evan C. Ray, Carlos R. Ferreira, Willam Gahl and Danica Novacic

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:353

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Kidney transplantation is the treatment of choice in end-stage renal disease due to Alport syndrome (AS). However, the chances of finding an adequate living-related donor in AS are much worse compared to non-h...

    Authors: Friederike Petzold, Anette Bachmann, Carsten Bergmann, Udo Helmchen and Jan Halbritter

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:340

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) may manifest non-nephrotic range proteinuria, but is rarely complicated with nephrotic syndrome. Limited number of reports describe the histology of ADPKD w...

    Authors: Yasuhiro Oda, Naoki Sawa, Eiko Hasegawa, Hiroki Mizuno, Masahiro Kawada, Akinari Sekine, Rikako Hiramatsu, Masayuki Yamanouchi, Noriko Hayami, Tatsuya Suwabe, Junichi Hoshino, Kenmei Takaichi, Keiichi Kinowaki, Kenichi Ohashi, Takeshi Fujii and Yoshifumi Ubara

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:337

    Content type: Case report

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  28. The value of ANCA positivity in the setting of systemic lupus erythematous and their pathogenicity remains uncertain.

    Authors: Marie Lemerle, Anne-Sophie Garnier, Anne Croue, Alain Chevailler, Jean-Paul Saint-André, Jean-François Subra, Jean-François Augusto and Julien Demiselle

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:334

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Proteinuria is a common clinical presentation, the diagnostic workup for which involves many non-invasive and invasive investigations. We report on two siblings that highlight the clinically relevant functiona...

    Authors: Kushani Jayasinghe, Susan M. White, Peter G. Kerr, Duncan MacGregor, Zornitza Stark, Ella Wilkins, Cas Simons, Andrew Mallett and Catherine Quinlan

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:330

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Podocyte infolding glomerulopathy (PIG) is a rare histopathologic finding with global infolding of the podocytes into the glomerular basement membrane (GBM), accompanied by microstructures underneath. Describe...

    Authors: Fabian Wöstmann, Roman-Ulrich Müller, Heike Göbel, Thomas Benzing, Jan U. Becker and Malte P. Bartram

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:326

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Glomerulopathy with fibronectin deposits is an autosomal dominant disease associated with proteinuria, hematuria, hypertension and renal function decline. Forty percent of the cases are caused by mutations in FN1

    Authors: Maria Luíza Gonçalves dos Reis Monteiro, Fabiano Bichuette Custódio, Precil Diego Miranda de Menezes Neves, Frederico Moraes Ferreira, Elieser Hitoshi Watanabe, Antônio Marcondes Lerário, Liliane Silvano de Araújo, Bruno Eduardo Pedroso Balbo, Vívian Christine Dourado Pinto, Lívia Maria Gruli Barbosa, Vilmar de Paiva Marques, Juliana Reis Machado, Marlene Antônia Reis and Luiz Fernando Onuchic

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:322

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Lysozyme amyloidosis is a rare hereditary systemic amyloidosis with amyloid deposits in various tissues leading to progressive organ failure. It has been mainly reported in developed countries since 1993. Here...

    Authors: Zhenyu Li, Hui Xu, Dan Liu, Danyang Li, Gang Liu and Su-xia Wang

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:310

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) is a disorder of the microvasculature with hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia and acute kidney injury. Nowadays, aHUS is successfully treated with eculizumab, a humani...

    Authors: Subagini Nagarajah, Martin Tepel, Christian Nielsen, Kristian Assing, Yaseelan Palarasah, Lise Lotte Torvin Andersen, Lotte Borg Lange and Claus Bistrup

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:307

    Content type: Case report

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  34. Transplant failure requires the consideration of numerous potential causes including rejection, acute tubular necrosis, infection, and recurrence of the original kidney disease. Kidney biopsy is generally requ...

    Authors: Linus A. Völker, Katharina Burkert, Niklas Scholten, Franziska Grundmann, Christine Kurschat, Thomas Benzing, Jürgen Hampl, Jan Ulrich Becker and Roman-Ulrich Müller

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:296

    Content type: Case report

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  35. Proliferative glomerulonephritis with monoclonal Immunoglobulin (G) deposits (PGNMID) is a rare kind of MGRS with intact monoclonal IgG deposition. Seventy percent of PGNMID patients were negative for M-spike.

    Authors: Xiao-juan Yu, Nan Hu, Su-xia Wang, Fu-de Zhou and Ming-hui Zhao

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:275

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Monogenic mutations may be a significant cause of steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome. NUP93 is a gene previously reported to cause isolated steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome.

    Authors: Ibrahim Sandokji, Jonathan Marquez, Weizhen Ji, Cynthia A. Zerillo, Monica Konstantino, Saquib A. Lakhani, Mustafa K. Khokha and Jillian K. Warejko

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:271

    Content type: Case report

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  37. IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) often affects multiple organs and tissues, especially the kidneys, and is characterized by interstitial nephritis, obstructive nephropathy, and in rare cases glomerulopathy (incl...

    Authors: Nan-Nan Zhang, Yan-Yun Wang, Ling-Xin Kong, Wan-Zhong Zou and Bao Dong

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:263

    Content type: Case report

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  38. Thin basement membrane nephropathy (TBMN) is a relatively common disease. Patients typically present with isolated hematuria, which has a good renal prognosis. In contrast, glomerulocystic kidney disease (GCKD...

    Authors: Hiroyuki Hashimoto, Naro Ohashi, Naoko Tsuji, Yoshitaka Naito, Shinsuke Isobe, Tomoyuki Fujikura, Takayuki Tsuji, Akihiko Kato, Kandai Nozu, Kazumoto Iijima and Hideo Yasuda

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:248

    Content type: Case report

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  39. For patients with end stage renal disease undergoing hemodialysis, erythrocytosis occurs rarely. Erythrocytosis increases the risk of thrombosis, which is a common complication in hemodialysis patients. The ri...

    Authors: Shree Agrawal, Preethi Ramachandran, Rupinder Gill, Samuel Spitalewitz, Douglas Gunzler, Marcia R. Silver, Edward J. Horwitz and Jeffrey R. Schelling

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:235

    Content type: Case report

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  40. Acute renal failure is a rare occurrence in a patient with an unremarkable past medical history and should always lead to an in depth clinical study. The occurrence in the same healthy young subject, of consec...

    Authors: V. Esposito, D. Catucci, M. Colucci, M. Torreggiani, F. Grosjean and C. Esposito

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:229

    Content type: Case report

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  41. Primary hyperoxaluria (PH) is a rare inborn disorder of the metabolism of glyoxylate, which causes the hallmark production oxalate and forms insoluble calcium oxalate crystals that accumulate in the kidney and...

    Authors: Ruiming Cai, Minzhuang Lin, Zhiyong Chen, Yongtong Lai, Xianen Huang, Guozhi Zhao, Xuekun Guo, Zhongtang Xiong, Juan Chen, Hui Chen, Qingping Jiang, Shaoyan Liu, Yuexin Yang, Weixiang Liang, Minhui Zou, Tao Liu…

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:224

    Content type: Case report

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  42. Bacterial peritonitis is a serious complication of patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD). Although the identification of causative organisms and use of appropriate antibiotics are essential for treatmen...

    Authors: Katsuyuki Tanabe, Shugo Okamoto, Sumie Hiramatsu Asano and Jun Wada

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:219

    Content type: Case report

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