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Case Reports

This section welcomes submissions of case reports only.

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  1. Familial distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA) associated with mutations of solute carrier family 4 membrane − 1 (SLC4A1) gene could co-exist with red cell membrane abnormality, Southeast Asian ovalocytosis (SAO)....

    Authors: WMSN Gunaratne, DMDIB Dissanayake, KADS Jayaratne, NP Premawardhana and Sisira Siribaddana

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:327

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) is an ongoing pandemic which has affected over 12 million people across the globe. Manifestations in different organs systems are being reported regularly. Renal biopsy find...

    Authors: Rajib K. Gupta, Ramya Bhargava, Al-Aman Shaukat, Emily Albert and John Leggat

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:326

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Patients with End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) are at an increased risk for restrictive lung disease due to accumulation of uremic toxins and volume overload. Hemodialysis is the preferred treatment for improvin...

    Authors: Thatsaphan Srithongkul, Owen D. Lyons, Rose Faratro and Christopher T. Chan

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:322

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), a common subtype of thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA), is characterized by microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and acute kidney injury. Shiga toxin-producing Esche...

    Authors: Chuan Shi, Chao Li, Wei Ye, Wen-ling Ye and Ming-xi Li

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:319

    Content type: Case report

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  5. IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a newly classified but poorly understood immune-medicated systemic disease. It causes potential fibroinflammation in one or more organs, characterized by tumescent organs and ...

    Authors: Hui Wang, Tao Su, Lei Kang, Li Yang and Suxia Wang

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:315

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Sodium bicarbonate, in the form of baking soda, is widely used as a home remedy, and as an additive for personal and household cleaning products. Its toxicity has previously been reported following oral ingest...

    Authors: Carmen Elena Cervantes, Steven Menez, Bernard G. Jaar and Mohamad Hanouneh

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:296

    Content type: Case report

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  7. A number of disease processes can culminate in rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis, including pauci-immune focal segmental necrotising glomerulonephritis, usually seen with positive serum antineutrophil cyt...

    Authors: J. R. Galante, C. P. Daruwalla, I. S. D. Roberts, R. Haynes, B. C. Storey and M. J. Bottomley

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:295

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Cryoglobulins are cold-precipitable immunoglobulins that may cause systemic vasculitis including cryoglobulinaemic glomerulonephritis (CGN). Type 1 cryoglobulins consist of isolated monoclonal immunoglobulin (...

    Authors: Adam L. Flavell, Robert O. Fullinfaw, Edward R. Smith, Stephen G. Holt, Moira J. Finlay and Thomas D. Barbour

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:293

    Content type: Case report

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  9. The prognosis for renal function in anti-GBM glomerulonephritis (anti-GBM GN) is extremely poor, and when renal impairment progresses severely, it is difficult to expect improvement. In addition, it is also kn...

    Authors: Yuko Shibata, Kazuhito Fukuoka, Riyo Yokota, Heryon Lee, Hikaru Sayo, Noriko Ikegaya, Kiyotaka Mori, Jin Yamamoto, Aya Isomura, Kiyotaka Nagahama, Hiroaki Shimoyamada, Takahisa Kawakami, Yoshinori Komagata and Shinya Kaname

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:283

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Renal hypouricemia (RHUC) is a genetic disorder caused by mutations in the SLC22A12 gene, which encodes the major uric acid (UA) transporter, URAT1. The clinical course of related, living donor-derived RHUC in pa...

    Authors: Kiyokazu Tsuji, Mineaki Kitamura, Kumiko Muta, Yasushi Mochizuki, Takayasu Mori, Eisei Sohara, Shinichi Uchida, Hideki Sakai, Hiroshi Mukae and Tomoya Nishino

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:282

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Tetralogy of Fallot is the most common cyanotic congenital heart disease. Patients with the condition have a high risk of developing chronic kidney disease. Treatment of kidney disease in patients with complex...

    Authors: Tetsuya Abe, Togo Aoyama, Keiko Sano, Ryoma Miyasaka, Takuya Yamazaki, Yukari Honma, Hiroshi Tominaga, Maoko Ida, Aya Arao, Mayuko Sakakibara, Keiko Hashimoto, Haruka Takahashi, Takeshi Sakai, Shokichi Naito, Toshimi Koitabashi, Takashi Sano…

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:277

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors are a relatively novel class of oral medications for the treatment of Type 2 DM with a generally acceptable safety profile. However, these agents have been a...

    Authors: Erasmia Sampani, Pantelis Sarafidis, Chrysostomos Dimitriadis, Efstratios Kasimatis, Dimitra Daikidou, Konstantinos Bantis, Alexios Papanikolaou and Aikaterini Papagianni

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:276

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Erythropoietin-stimulating agents (ESAs) are used to treat anemia in patients with chronic kidney disease, enabling maintenance of stable hemoglobin levels and eliminating the need for multiple transfusions. E...

    Authors: Yasuki Shingu, Tomohiro Nakata, Shinji Sawai, Hisaya Tanaka, Osamu Asai, Keiichi Tamagaki and Kimihiko Nakatani

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:275

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Medical investigation is a favorite application of Ockham’s razor, in virtue of which when presented with competing hypotheses, the solution with the fewest assumptions should be privileged. Hemolytic uremic s...

    Authors: Chloe Schwarz, Alice Brehon, Cyril Mousseaux, Yosu Luque, Patricia Senet, Patricia Mariani, Inna Mohamadou, Lara Zafrani, Véronique Frémeaux-Bacchi, Eric Rondeau, David Buob and Cédric Rafat

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:269

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Setting the dry weight and maintaining fluid balance is still a difficult challenge in dialysis patients. Overhydration is common and associated with increased cardiac morbidity and mortality. Pulmonary hypert...

    Authors: Anne Rudbeck Juhl, Jesper Juul Larsen, Kasper Rossing and Lisbet Brandi

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:266

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) is a common high-risk factor for mortality in end-stage renal disease, and parathyromatosis and supernumerary parathyroid glands are very rare causes of persistent SHPT. Pr...

    Authors: Jun Yang, Jun Zhang, Ning-hu Liu, Hao Liu and Meng-jie Dong

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:257

    Content type: Case report

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  17. The occurrences of hyperuricemia and acute kidney injury after antithymocyte globulin treatment are unusual in kidney transplant recipients. Here, we report a unique case of acute kidney injury with extreme hy...

    Authors: Yohan Park, Byung Ha Chung, Cheol Whee Park, Yong-Soo Kim and Chul Woo Yang

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:251

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Constrictive pericarditis is easily overlooked and can lead to severe problems in hemodynamics and end-organ perfusion, in our patient leading to 98 days of anuria after living kidney transplantation. This was...

    Authors: Caroline Wacker, Michael Weyand, Mario Schiffer and Mirian Opgenoorth

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:241

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Preeclampsia (PE) refers to the development of hypertension and new-onset proteinuria or progressive organ damage (especially kidney) in a previously normotensive pregnant women after 20 weeks of gestation. Th...

    Authors: Tomo Suzuki, Daisuke Ichikawa, Mayumi Nakata, Shiika Watanabe, Wei Han, Kaori Kohatsu, Sayuri Shirai, Naohiko Imai, Junki Koike and Yugo Shibagaki

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:240

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) is a life-threatening disease that leads to end-stage kidney disease if only a poor response to plasma exchanges (PEs) or eculizumab therapy is achieved.

    Authors: Yusuke Kuroki, Koji Mitsuiki, Kaneyasu Nakagawa, Kazuhiko Tsuruya, Ritsuko Katafuchi, Hideki Hirakata and Toshiaki Nakano

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:236

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Sarcoidosis is a multisystem inflammatory disorder and can affect any organ; however, ureteric involvement is extremely rare with only four cases reported in the literature to date, all of which were diagnosed...

    Authors: Michikata Hayashida, Akihiro Yano, Kiichi Hagiwara, Shoichi Nagamoto, Kohei Ogawa, Kazushige Sakaguchi, Naoki Sawa, Toshikazu Okaneya and Shinji Urakami

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:235

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease is a recognized complication following solid organ transplantation. This is usually a B cell disease and frequently associated with Epstein Barr virus infection, alt...

    Authors: Emily K. Glover, R. Alexander Speight, Despina Televantou, Stephanie Needham and Neil S. Sheerin

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:220

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Patients with end-stage renal disease undergoing chronic hemodialysis (HD) are at high risk to develop tuberculosis (TB) associated with a high mortality rate. TB diagnosis is often delayed due to non-specific...

    Authors: Florence Bonkain, Dieter De Clerck, Violette Dirix, Mahavir Singh, Camille Locht, Françoise Mascart and Véronique Corbière

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:214

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Thrombotic microangiopathies (TMAs) occurring in the postpartum period may be difficult to manage. They present as the combination of mechanical hemolytic anemia and consumption thrombocytopenia due to endothe...

    Authors: Cyril Mousseaux, Bérangère S. Joly, Inna Mohamadou, Romain Arrestier, Alexandre Hertig and Cédric Rafat

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:204

    Content type: Case report

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  25. The kidney is a major target in primary antiphospholipid syndrome. Several types of nephropathy have been reported, the most frequent being acute or chronic specific vascular nephropathies and membranous nephr...

    Authors: Maxime Teisseyre, Hélène Perrochia, Pascal Reboul, Sylvain Cariou, Sophie Renaud, Cédric Aglae and Olivier Moranne

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:196

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Fibrillary glomerulonephritis (FGN) is distinguished from amyloidosis by thicker fibrils and the lack of staining with histochemical dyes typically reactive with amyloid. However, congophilic FGN has been prop...

    Authors: Misa Adachi, Mineaki Kitamura, Kumiko Muta, Akihiro Maekawa, Tadashi Uramatsu, Masato Tadokoro, Satoshi Funakoshi, Satoshi Hisano, Naomi Kuwahara, Akira Shimizu, Hiroshi Mukae and Tomoya Nishino

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:195

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Arterial reconstruction is one of the paramount procedures in kidney transplantation (KT) and greatly important if the procured kidney has multiple renal arteries (MRA). Despite various established techniques ...

    Authors: Mitsuru Tomizawa, Shunta Hori, Nobutaka Nishimura, Chihiro Omori, Yasushi Nakai, Makito Miyake, Tatsuo Yoneda and Kiyohide Fujimoto

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:190

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Crystalglobulin-associated nephropathy (CAN), a rare subtype of monoclonal gammopathy, usually associated with multiple myeloma and occasionally monoclonal gammopathy of uncertain significance (MGUS), is chara...

    Authors: Rajib K. Gupta, Lois J. Arend, Anupama BK, Sriram Narsipur and Ramya Bhargava

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:184

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Thalassemia is a group of hereditary diseases characterized by a common recessive monogenic hematological disorder, presenting a significant public health concern in the developing countries. Recent studies ha...

    Authors: Jun Ni, Caifeng Zhu, Xiaoqiu Ni and Jiazhen Yin

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:182

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Monoclonal immunoglobulin deposition disease (MIDD) is a rare condition accounting for < 1% of histopathological diagnoses made on kidney biopsy1. The best outcomes are seen in those diagnosed and treated promptl...

    Authors: Michael Turner, Anna Crawford, Claire Winterbottom, Oliver Flossmann, Bassam Alchi, Maria Soares and Umanath Bhandary

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:175

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Female Dent disease 1 patients with low-molecular-weight proteinuria (LMWP) due to CLCN5 gene mutation were rarely reported, and these cases that the people were also with Turner syndrome (TS) were even hardly do...

    Authors: Yuhong Ye, Jingjing Wang, Xiaofang Quan, Ke Xu, Haidong Fu, Weiyue Gu and Jianhua Mao

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:171

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Schimke immuno-osseous dysplasia (SIOD) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia, progressive renal insufficiency and defective cellular immunity. Podocytic infoldin...

    Authors: Shiqiu Xiong, Lanjun Shuai, Xiaoyan Li, Xiqiang Dang, Xiaochuan Wu and Qingnan He

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:170

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Xylitol is an approved food additive that is widely used as a sweetener in many manufactured products. It is also used in pharmaceuticals. Secondary oxalosis resulting from high dietary oxalate has been report...

    Authors: Shinobu Takayasu, Aya Kamba, Kazutaka Yoshida, Ken Terui, Yutaka Watanuki, Noriko Ishigame, Satoru Mizushiri, Tetsu Tomita, Kazuhiko Nakamura, Norio Yasui-Furukori and Makoto Daimon

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:157

    Content type: Case report

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  34. Eosinophilic peritonitis is a relatively rare entity. Kimura’s disease is a rare chronic inflammatory disorder of unknown etiology, characterized by subcutaneous nodules mainly in the head and neck region, reg...

    Authors: Bingxin Yu, Zhikai Yang, Di Song, Zi Wang, Damin Xu, Suxia Wang, Lin Nong, Fude Zhou and Jie Dong

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:138

    Content type: Case report

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  35. Vibrio vulnificus infection is a rare but fatal foodborne illness. Here, we report a case of Vibrio vulnificus peritonitis followed by severe septicemia in a patient undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal di...

    Authors: Jae Young Kim, Young Su Joo, Sangmi Lee, Ji Young Lee, Jung Tak Park, Seong Hyeok Han, Tae-Hyun Yoo and Shin-Wook Kang

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:127

    Content type: Case report

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  36. The advent of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) has significantly improved the prognosis of patients with advanced malignancies. On the other hand, these drugs might cause immune-related adverse events (irAE...

    Authors: Natsumi Matsuoka, Kenji Tsuji, Eiki Ichihara, Takayuki Hara, Kazuhiko Fukushima, Kishio Toma, Shinji Kitamura, Kenichi Inagaki, Hitoshi Sugiyama and Jun Wada

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:113

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Encapsulating-peritoneal-sclerosis (EPS) is a rare, but serious and life-threatening complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD). Treatment of EPS consists of discontinuation of PD and maintenance of nutritional ...

    Authors: Vassilios Liakopoulos, Panagiotis I. Georgianos, Vasilios Vaios, Stefanos Roumeliotis, Apostolos Karligkiotis and Pantelis E. Zebekakis

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:110

    Content type: Case report

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  38. The conjunction of hepatitis and renal disease can be seen in several clinical context, including karyomegalic nephritis (KIN). Karyomegalic nephritis (KIN) is a rare genetic disease, with less than 50 cases r...

    Authors: Jonathan Dash, Patrick Saudan, Ariane Paoloni-Giacobino, Solange Moll and Sophie de Seigneux

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:107

    Content type: Case report

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  39. Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) is a rare disease characterized by systemic thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) reflected by hemolysis, anemia, thrombocytopenia and systemic organ injury. The optimal ma...

    Authors: Christoph Nunius, Maike Büttner-Herold, Simone Bertz, Mario Schiffer and Bjoern Buchholz

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:104

    Content type: Case report

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  40. P. multocida (Pasteurella multocida) is animal-sourced gram-negative coccobacillus which can be transmitted to human through many animals including household pets. P. multocida induced peritoneal dialysis-related...

    Authors: Haoran Mu, Man Yang, Yueyue Zhang, Yajing Zhang, Juan Wang, Weijie Yuan and Shu Rong

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:102

    Content type: Case report

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  41. Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) syndromes are characterized by the association of hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia and organ injury due to arteriolar and capillary thrombosis.

    Authors: C. Philipponnet, J. Desenclos, M. Brailova, J. Aniort, J. L. Kemeny, C. Deville, V. Fremeaux-Bacchi, B. Souweine and A. E. Heng

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:96

    Content type: Case report

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  42. Initial presentation of peritoneal dialysis associated infectious peritonitis can be clinically indistinguishable from Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI) and both may demonstrate a cloudy dialysate. Empiric...

    Authors: Kairav J. Shah, Kartikeya Cherabuddi, Kalynn B. Pressly, Kaitlyn L. Wright and Ashutosh Shukla

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:76

    Content type: Case report

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  43. Low birth weight (LBW) is associated with end-stage kidney disease and hypertension and is considered to be a surrogate marker of low nephron number. Low nephron number is hypothesized to contribute to glomeru...

    Authors: Yuriko Shiozaki, Tomoyuki Fujikura, Shinsuke Isobe, Ibuki Takatsuka, Taichi Sato, Daiki Goto, Sayaka Ishigaki, Naro Ohashi and Hideo Yasuda

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:75

    Content type: Case report

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  44. Karyomegalic interstitial nephritis (KIN) is a rare hereditary cause of chronic kidney disease. It typically causes progressive renal impairment with haemoproteinuria requiring renal replacement therapy before...

    Authors: Steven Law, Julian Gillmore, Janet A. Gilbertson, Paul Bass and Alan D. Salama

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:74

    Content type: Case report

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  45. IgA deficiency associated with glomerulonephritis is rare. In particular, there is no prior report regarding the association between IgA deficiency and membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) in childr...

    Authors: Keisuke Sugimoto, Takuji Enya, Kohei Miyazaki, Tomoki Miyazawa, Tsukasa Takemura and Mitsuru Okada

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:68

    Content type: Case report

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