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Case Reports

This section welcomes submissions of case reports only.

Page 1 of 8

  1. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) cause a wide range of glomerular pathologies. In people with haemophilia, transfusion-associated infections with these viruses are common and defi...

    Authors: Nicholas Meyer, Wendy Cooper, Paul Kirwan, Roger Garsia, Scott Dunkley and David M. Gracey

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:268

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Although anastomosing hemangiomas are very rare and benign vascular neoplasms, these tumors are more common among patients with end-stage kidney disease. Incidental finding of these tumors in the kidney or adr...

    Authors: Chang Seong Kim, Soo Jin Na Choi, Sung-Sun Kim, Sang Heon Suh, Eun Hui Bae, Seong Kwon Ma and Soo Wan Kim

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:262

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Nephronophthisis (NPHP) is a chronic tubular interstitial disorder that exhibits an autosomal recessive genetic form and causes progressive renal failure in children. Patients with NPHP rarely show urinary abn...

    Authors: Maiko Akira, Hitoshi Suzuki, Arisa Ikeda, Masako Iwasaki, Daisuke Honda, Hisatsugu Takahara, Hisaki Rinno, Shigeki Tomita and Yusuke Suzuki

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:261

    Content type: Case report

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  4. With an increase in the global popularity of coffee, caffeine is one of the most consumed ingredients of modern times. However, the consumption of massive amounts of caffeine can lead to severe hypokalemia.

    Authors: Min Jee Han, Su-Hyun Kim, Jung-ho Shin and Jin Ho Hwang

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:260

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Phospholipase A2 receptor 1 (PLA2R1) and thrombospondin type-1 domain-containing 7A (THSD7A) are the two major pathogenic antigens for membranous nephropathy (MN). It has been reported that THSD7A-associated M...

    Authors: Ayumi Matsumoto, Isao Matsui, Keiji Mano, Hitoshi Mizuno, Yusuke Katsuma, Seiichi Yasuda, Karin Shimada, Kazunori Inoue, Takashi Oki, Tadashi Hanai, Keiko Kojima, Tetsuya Kaneko and Yoshitaka Isaka

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:253

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA)-mediated acute kidney injury (AKI) following massive haemorrhage is a rare but severe complication of the post-partum period. It is associated with a poor renal prognosis and a...

    Authors: G. Guzzo, S. Kissling, G. Pantaleo, M. Pascual, S. Sadallah and D. Teta

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:252

    Content type: Case report

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  7. The ongoing coronavirus pandemic has major impacts on both patients and healthcare systems worldwide, thus creating new realities. Patients on maintenance dialysis listed for renal transplantation are a vulner...

    Authors: Katharina Tuschen, Johanna Anders, Amin Elfanish, Verena Schildgen, Oliver Schildgen, Jan Ulrich Becker and Alexander Weidemann

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:251

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common sleep-related movement disorder characterized by an urge to move the legs during inactivity, especially at evening-night. RLS is highly prevalent in patients with kidne...

    Authors: Davide Sparasci, Andrea Rossinelli, Raffaele Ferri, Pietro Cippà, Andrea Rinaldi and Mauro Manconi

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:249

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Kimuras disease (KD) is a rare chronic inflammatory disease and the etiology remains uncharacterized. The typical manifestations are painless lymph node or subcutaneous masses. There is currently no report of pr...

    Authors: Li Xiang, Hua Zhou, Hua Liu, Dachuan Zhang, Min Li, Min Yang and Yan Yang

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:241

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) involves platelet activation and aggregation caused by heparin or HIT antibodies associated with poor survival outcomes. We report a case of HIT that occurred after hemod...

    Authors: Yoshitaka Furuto, Mariko Kawamura, Jumpei Yamashita, Takahiro Yoshikawa, Akio Namikawa, Rei Isshiki, Hiroko Takahashi and Yuko Shibuya

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:220

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Multicentric Castleman’s disease is a life-threatening disorder involving a systemic inflammatory response and multiple organ failure caused by the overproduction of interleukin-6. Although renal complications...

    Authors: Ryosuke Saiki, Kan Katayama, Yosuke Hirabayashi, Keiko Oda, Mika Fujimoto, Tomohiro Murata, Ayako Nakajima and Kaoru Dohi

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:216

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Iron overload is inevitably related to chronic kidney disease (CKD) treatment. Haemochromatosis leads to multiorgan damage and is associated with increased mortality. Primary haemochromatosis is the most commo...

    Authors: Izabela Zakrocka, Iwona Baranowicz-Gąszczyk and Wojciech Załuska

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:201

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) often causes renal artery stenosis with renovascular hypertension. Recent clinical outcomes encourage percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty (PTRA) to treat FMD; however, the...

    Authors: Shuntaro Oribe, Takafumi Toyohara, Eikan Mishima, Takehiro Suzuki, Koichi Kikuchi, Shun Watanabe, Yoshiaki Morita, Hideki Ota, Kazumasa Seiji, Mariko Miyazaki, Kei Takase and Takaaki Abe

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:187

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Gemcitabine and cisplatin are chemotherapeutic agents used for treating multiple cancers, and these agents are sometimes used in combination. Drug-induced thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) is a rare but potenti...

    Authors: Masashi Nishikubo, Yoshimitsu Shimomura, Nobuhiro Hiramoto, Naohiko Sawamura, Takako Yamaguchi, Shigeo Hara and Takayuki Ishikawa

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:175

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Patients with kidney disease may have concurrent hypertension and infection. Dihydropyridine calcium-channel blockers (CCB) are the most popular class of antihypertensive drugs used in clinical settings and ca...

    Authors: Xinju Zhao, Chunyan Zhang, Li Zhu, Bei Wu, Yun Han, Michael Heung and Li Zuo

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:172

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Blood Pressure (BP) control is largely unsatisfied in End Stage Kidney Disease (ESKD) principally due to sodium retention. Peritoneal Dialysis (PD) is the most common type of home dialysis, using a peritoneal ...

    Authors: Luigi Vecchi, Mario Bonomini, Roberto Palumbo, Arduino Arduini and Silvio Borrelli

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:170

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Acquired Gitelman syndrome is a very rare disorder reported in association with autoimmune disorders, mostly Sjögren syndrome. It is characterized by the presence of hypokalaemic metabolic alkalosis, hypocalci...

    Authors: Rasika Ranaweerage, Shehan Perera and Aruna Gunapala

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:159

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Inflammatory bowel diseases are characterized by chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. In particular, Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis represent the two most common types of clinical manifest...

    Authors: A. Angeletti, S. Arrigo, A. Madeo, M. Molteni, E. Vietti, L. Arcuri, M. C. Coccia, P. Gandullia and G. M. Ghiggeri

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:146

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Atypical haemolytic uraemic syndrome (aHUS) is a rare systemic syndrome characterized by non-immune haemolytic anaemia, thrombocytopenia, and kidney injury. In most cases, alternative complement pathway dysreg...

    Authors: Muneera Alabdulqader and Khalid Alfakeeh

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:140

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Macroscopic hematuria-associated acute kidney injury (AKI) is a well-known complication of immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy. In such cases, intratubular obstruction by red blood cell (RBC) casts and acute tu...

    Authors: Shinya Taguchi, Sumi Hidaka, Mitsuru Yanai, Kunihiro Ishioka, Kenji Matsui, Yasuhiro Mochida, Hidekazu Moriya, Takayasu Ohtake and Shuzo Kobayashi

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:132

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Renal tumors during pregnancy are rare and the treatment requires evaluation of both the patient and the fetus. No consensus or guidelines has been proposed or verified in this field. We successfully managed t...

    Authors: Yi Zhao, Ziyi Yang, Weifeng Xu, Zhigang Ji and Jie Dong

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:127

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Behçet’s disease (BD) is a systemic inflammatory vasculitis with both autoimmune and autoinflammatory properties. Renal involvement in BD and its spontaneous remission have been rare. We herein describe a case...

    Authors: Kanako Watanabe-Kusunoki, Masaru Kato, Yotaro Oki, Tetsuo Shimizu, Yoshihiro Kusunoki, Shota Furukawa, Shin Furukawa, Hirohiko Kitakawa and Kiyoshi Sakai

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:122

    Content type: Case report

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  23. The Japanese chaff flower, Achyranthes japonica, is used as complementary medicine to control degenerative arthritis. Although commonly used in South Korea, there has been no report of side effects. We report the...

    Authors: Ha Nee Jang, Sehyun Jung, Seunghye Lee, Se-Ho Chang, Tae Won Lee, Eunjin Bae and Dong Jun Park

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:121

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Plasma cell dyscrasias (PCD) are characterized by an abnormal production of intact monoclonal immunoglobulins or parts such as heavy or light chains. In most cases, the monoclonal protein (also termed paraprot...

    Authors: C. Lindemann, P. Enders, P. T. Brinkkoetter and L. A. Völker

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:117

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Primary Sjögren’s syndrome (pSS) is an auto-immune disease characterized by sialadenitis and dacryoadenitis with lymphoplasmacytic cell infiltration. In pSS, not only sicca symptoms, but also extra-glandular i...

    Authors: Ryo Nishioka, Satoshi Hara, Hiroyuki Kawahara, Kiyoaki Ito, Ichiro Mizushima, Masayoshi Hirata, Michio Nagata and Mitsuhiro Kawano

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:108

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Inhibition of hypoxia-inducible factor prolyl hydroxylase (HIF-PH) is a novel choice for the treatment of renal anemia, and an oral HIF-PH inhibitor roxadustat was approved for renal anemia. Roxadustat has hig...

    Authors: Mitsuru Ichii, Katsuhito Mori, Daichi Miyaoka, Mika Sonoda, Yoshihiro Tsujimoto, Shinya Nakatani, Tetsuo Shoji and Masanori Emoto

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:104

    Content type: Case report

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  27. COVID-19 infection in kidney transplant recipients often lead to allograft dysfunction. The allograft injury has various histopathological manifestations. Our case illustrates the unusual combination of allogr...

    Authors: Urmila Anandh, Swarnalata Gowrishankar, Alok Sharma, Alan Salama and Indranil Dasgupta

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:91

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Peritoneal dialysis (PD)-associated peritonitis caused by nontuberculous Mycobacterium is rare; however, the number of cases has increased over the past decades. Mycobacteroides massiliense is a subspecies of the...

    Authors: Shintaro Hamada, Tomoaki Takata, Tsuyoshi Kitaura, Chiori Teraoka, Akio Aono, Sosuke Taniguchi, Yukari Mae, Hajime Isomoto, Hiroki Chikumi and Satoshi Mitarai

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:90

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA), a rare but serious complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), is associated with poor outcomes to conventional immunosuppressive therapy. Recently, eculizumab, a huma...

    Authors: Mi Jung Kim, Haekyung Lee, Yon Hee Kim, So Young Jin, Hee-Jin Kim, Doyeun Oh and Jin Seok Jeon

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:86

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Primary hyperoxaluria(PH)is a rare autosomal recessive genetic disease that contains three subtypes (PH1, PH2 and PH3). Approximately 80% of PH patients has been reported as subtype PH1, this subtype of PH has...

    Authors: Chang Bao Xu, Xu Dong Zhou, Hong En Xu, Yong Li Zhao, Xing Hua Zhao, Dan Hua Liu, Yong An Tian, Xin Xin Hu, Jing Yuan Guan, Jian Cheng Guo, Wen Xue Tang and Xia Xue

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:83

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Anti-glomerular basement membrane disease (GBM) disease is a rare autoimmune disease causing rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis and pulmonary haemorrhage. Recently, an association between COVID-19 and anti...

    Authors: Alexander Winkler, Emanuel Zitt, Hannelore Sprenger-Mähr, Afschin Soleiman, Manfred Cejna and Karl Lhotta

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:75

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Lately, monoclonal gammopathy of renal significance (MGRS) has been defined as a group of renal disorders that are strongly associated with monoclonal protein, including amyloid immunoglobulin light chain (AL)...

    Authors: Erina Ono, Akira Ishii, Yoshiaki Higashi, Natsuko Koita, Takashi Ayaki, Katsuya Tanigaki, Shunsuke Takayanagi, Naoya Kondo, Kaoru Sakai, Shuichiro Endo, Hideki Yokoi, Takeshi Matsubara, Sachiko Minamiguchi, Ichizo Nishino, Ryosuke Takahashi and Motoko Yanagita

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:74

    Content type: Case report

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  33. The association of hypertension with congenital renal hypoplasia has been established. We report a case of an infant who underwent nephrectomy for hypertension.

    Authors: Keisuke Sugimoto, Takuji Enya, Kensuke Joh, Kohei Miyazaki, Tomoki Miyazawa, Rina Ohshima, Satoshi Marutani, Takemura Tsukasa and Mitsuru Okada

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:55

    Content type: Case report

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  34. Anti-glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) disease is an organ-specific autoimmune disease that involves the lung and kidneys and leads to rapid glomerulonephritis progression, with or without diffuse alveol...

    Authors: Na Guo, Qinghua Yin, Song Lei, Yanjun He and Ping Fu

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:53

    Content type: Case report

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  35. Heterozygous mutations in the inverted formin 2 (INF2) gene are related to secondary focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), a rare secondary disease associated with rapidly progressive renal failure.

    Authors: Wenbo Zhao, Xinxin Ma, Xiaohao Zhang, Dan Luo, Jun Zhang, Ming Li, Zengchun Ye and Hui Peng

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:51

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is an insidiously progressive and debilitating form of arthritis involving the axial skeleton, characterized by chronic back pain and progressive spinal stiffness, and lessening of ...

    Authors: Anna Zawiasa-Bryszewska, Olga Brzezińska, Ilona Kurnatowska and Joanna Makowska

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:46

    Content type: Case report

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Nephrology 2021 22:78

  37. Light chain cast nephropathy (LCCN) is the most common renal disease caused by multiple myeloma (MM). In addition to ordinary light chain protein casts, there are a few rare casts with unique shapes, including...

    Authors: Li-Jun Sun, Hong-Rui Dong, Xiao-Yi Xu, Guo-Qin Wang, Hong Cheng and Yi-Pu Chen

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:42

    Content type: Case report

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  38. IgD multiple myeloma (MM) is a rare subtype of MM and light chain deposition disease (LCDD) outside the kidney is also a rare and has scarcely been reported. We report herein the details of the first reported ...

    Authors: Takafumi Tsushima, Tomo Suzuki, Toshiki Terao, Daisuke Miura, Kentaro Narita, Masami Takeuchi, Akira Shimuzu and Kosei Matsue

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:40

    Content type: Case report

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  39. IgG4-related kidney disease causes renal impairment of unknown pathogenesis that may progress to kidney failure. Although ectopic germinal centers contribute to the pathogenesis of the head and neck lesions of...

    Authors: Tatsuhito Miyanaga, Keishi Mizuguchi, Satoshi Hara, Takeshi Zoshima, Dai Inoue, Ryo Nishioka, Ichiro Mizushima, Kiyoaki Ito, Hiroshi Fuji, Kazunori Yamada, Yuki Sato, Motoko Yanagita and Mitsuhiro Kawano

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:34

    Content type: Case report

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  40. Treatment with proteasome inhibitors like carfilzomib in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) can induce thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) characterized by neurological symptoms, acute kidney injury, hemolysis a...

    Authors: Michael Rassner, Rebecca Baur, Ralph Wäsch, Mario Schiffer, Johanna Schneider, Andreas Mackensen and Monika Engelhardt

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:32

    Content type: Case report

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  41. Dent disease is an X-linked form of progressive renal disease. This rare disorder was characterized by hypercalciuria, low molecular weight (LMW) proteinuria and proximal tubular dysfunction, caused by pathoge...

    Authors: Nan Duan, Chenwei Huang, Lu Pang, Shiju Jiang, Wenshuang Yang and Haixia Li

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:24

    Content type: Case report

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  42. IgG4-related kidney disease (IgG4-RKD) can affect multiple organs, which was first reported as a complication or extra-organ manifestation of autoimmune pancreatitis in 2004. It is characterized by abundant Ig...

    Authors: Yili Xu, Guang Yang, Xueqiang Xu, Yaoyu Huang, Kang Liu, Tongfu Yu, Jun Qian, Xiufen Zhao, Jingfeng Zhu, Ningning Wang and Changying Xing

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:22

    Content type: Case report

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  43. Acute kidney injury (AKI) associated with severe coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) is common and is a significant predictor of morbidity and mortality, especially when dialysis is required. Case reports and au...

    Authors: Katarzyna Szajek, Marie-Elisabeth Kajdi, Valerie A. Luyckx, Thomas Hans Fehr, Ariana Gaspert, Alexia Cusini, Karin Hohloch and Philipp Grosse

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:19

    Content type: Case report

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  44. Some sea anemone toxins cause renal injuries resembling hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). To date, only a few cases of HUS caused by sea anemone stings have been reported. In this case report, we have described...

    Authors: A Young Kim, Kyu Hyang Cho, Seok Hui Kang, Jong Won Park, Jun Young Do and Min Kyoung Kim

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:14

    Content type: Case report

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Nephrology 2021 22:255

  45. AarF domain-containing kinase 4 (ADCK4)-associated glomerulopathy is a mitochondrial nephropathy caused by mutations in the ADCK4 gene, which disrupt coenzyme Q10 biosynthesis.

    Authors: Yan Zhang, Xiaohua Liao, Yupeng Jiang, Xin Lv, Yue Yu, Qin Dai, Liyun Ao, Lijian Tao and Zhangzhe Peng

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:11

    Content type: Case report

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  46. Multiple myeloma (MM) is a plasma-cell derived hematologic malignant disease. The malignant proliferating plasma cells secrete massive monoclonal immunoglobulins which lead to various pathologic types of renal...

    Authors: Zi-hao Yong, Xiao-juan Yu, Zi-shan Lin, Fu-de Zhou, Xi-nan Cen, Su-xia Wang and Ming-hui Zhao

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:6

    Content type: Case report

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