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Case Reports

This section welcomes submissions of case reports only.

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  1. IgD multiple myeloma (MM) is a rare subtype of MM and light chain deposition disease (LCDD) outside the kidney is also a rare and has scarcely been reported. We report herein the details of the first reported ...

    Authors: Takafumi Tsushima, Tomo Suzuki, Toshiki Terao, Daisuke Miura, Kentaro Narita, Masami Takeuchi, Akira Shimuzu and Kosei Matsue

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:40

    Content type: Case report

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  2. IgG4-related kidney disease causes renal impairment of unknown pathogenesis that may progress to kidney failure. Although ectopic germinal centers contribute to the pathogenesis of the head and neck lesions of...

    Authors: Tatsuhito Miyanaga, Keishi Mizuguchi, Satoshi Hara, Takeshi Zoshima, Dai Inoue, Ryo Nishioka, Ichiro Mizushima, Kiyoaki Ito, Hiroshi Fuji, Kazunori Yamada, Yuki Sato, Motoko Yanagita and Mitsuhiro Kawano

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:34

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Treatment with proteasome inhibitors like carfilzomib in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) can induce thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) characterized by neurological symptoms, acute kidney injury, hemolysis a...

    Authors: Michael Rassner, Rebecca Baur, Ralph Wäsch, Mario Schiffer, Johanna Schneider, Andreas Mackensen and Monika Engelhardt

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:32

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Dent disease is an X-linked form of progressive renal disease. This rare disorder was characterized by hypercalciuria, low molecular weight (LMW) proteinuria and proximal tubular dysfunction, caused by pathoge...

    Authors: Nan Duan, Chenwei Huang, Lu Pang, Shiju Jiang, Wenshuang Yang and Haixia Li

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:24

    Content type: Case report

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  5. IgG4-related kidney disease (IgG4-RKD) can affect multiple organs, which was first reported as a complication or extra-organ manifestation of autoimmune pancreatitis in 2004. It is characterized by abundant Ig...

    Authors: Yili Xu, Guang Yang, Xueqiang Xu, Yaoyu Huang, Kang Liu, Tongfu Yu, Jun Qian, Xiufen Zhao, Jingfeng Zhu, Ningning Wang and Changying Xing

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:22

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Acute kidney injury (AKI) associated with severe coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) is common and is a significant predictor of morbidity and mortality, especially when dialysis is required. Case reports and au...

    Authors: Katarzyna Szajek, Marie-Elisabeth Kajdi, Valerie A. Luyckx, Thomas Hans Fehr, Ariana Gaspert, Alexia Cusini, Karin Hohloch and Philipp Grosse

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:19

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Some sea anemone toxins cause renal injuries resembling hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). To date, only a few cases of HUS caused by sea anemone stings have been reported. In this case report, we have described...

    Authors: A Young Kim, Kyu Hyang Cho, Seok Hui Kang, Jong Won Park, Jun Young Do and Min Kyoung Kim

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:14

    Content type: Case report

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  8. AarF domain-containing kinase 4 (ADCK4)-associated glomerulopathy is a mitochondrial nephropathy caused by mutations in the ADCK4 gene, which disrupt coenzyme Q10 biosynthesis.

    Authors: Yan Zhang, Xiaohua Liao, Yupeng Jiang, Xin Lv, Yue Yu, Qin Dai, Liyun Ao, Lijian Tao and Zhangzhe Peng

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:11

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Multiple myeloma (MM) is a plasma-cell derived hematologic malignant disease. The malignant proliferating plasma cells secrete massive monoclonal immunoglobulins which lead to various pathologic types of renal...

    Authors: Zi-hao Yong, Xiao-juan Yu, Zi-shan Lin, Fu-de Zhou, Xi-nan Cen, Su-xia Wang and Ming-hui Zhao

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:6

    Content type: Case report

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  10. An arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the first choice when considering access for haemodialysis (HD). When a forearm AVF fails an upper arm AVF is a frequent subsequent dialysis access option. The latter may caus...

    Authors: Michaela Wärja, Emelie Laveborn, Michael Ott, Andreas P. Jonsson and Bernd Stegmayr

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:544

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Idiopathic multicentric Castleman disease (iMCD) is an uncommon lymphoproliferative disorder and lacks treatment consensus. Herein, we report a case of iMCD complicated with Sjögren’s syndrome (SS) and seconda...

    Authors: Yuejuan Pan, Zhuan Cui, Song Wang, Danxia Zheng, Zhenling Deng, Xinyu Tian, Hongxia Guo, Wenhan Bao, Sijia Zhou and Yue Wang

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:528

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Tunneled catheters can be used as an alternative vascular access in patients with limited health expectancy,vascular access problems and several comorbidities. We aimed to present a patient with venous stenosi...

    Authors: Sumeyra Koyuncu, Nevzat Herdem, Cihan Uysal, Guven Kahriman, Ismail Kocyigit, Murat Sipahioğlu, Bulent Tokgoz and Oktay Oymak

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:525

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Reduction in bone mineral density (BMD) measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) occurs in secondary hyperparathyroidism associated with chronic kidney disease. BMD generally increases following para...

    Authors: Raymond Lin, Mirna Vucak-Dzumhur and Grahame J. Elder

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:513

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Since the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak, there is accumulating data on the clinical characteristics, treatment strategies and prognosis of COVID-19 in patients with concurrent renal disease. Pos...

    Authors: Yi Huang, Xiao-Juan Li, Yue-Qiang Li, Wei Dai, Tiffany Shao, Wei-Yong Liu, Min Han, Gang Xu and Liu Liu

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:504

    Content type: Case report

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  15. TAFRO syndrome is a clinical subtype of idiopathic multicentric Castleman disease (iMCD) that is characterized by thrombocytopenia, anasarca, fever, reticulin myelofibrosis (or renal dysfunction), and organome...

    Authors: Qianyun Zhou, Yuanyuan Zhang, Guangping Zhou and Jihong Zhu

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:499

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Glomerular involvement in rheumatoid arthritis has been known to be associated with treatment side effects from medications and secondary amyloidosis. However, limited basic science and clinical studies have b...

    Authors: Qiyu Wang, Juan P. Ruiz and Peter D. Hart

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:496

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a form of therapy for end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), and peritonitis is a known complication. Mycobacterium (M) species associated peritonitis in PD patients is uncommon. Our experie...

    Authors: Anup Singh Jheeta, Jayakeerthi Rangaiah, John Clark, David Makanjuola and Subash Somalanka

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:491

    Content type: Case report

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  18. In patients with frequently relapsing nephrotic syndrome, immunosuppressive therapy such as cyclosporine are often required to maintain remission. Cyclosporine has been noted to have tumorgenesis effects. In t...

    Authors: Huai-Chueh Gem Wu, Chao-Neng Cheng, Jiann-Shiuh Chen and Yuan-Yow Chiou

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:490

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Pregnancy-related Atypical Haemolytic Uremic Syndrome (P-aHUS) is a rare condition affecting genetically predisposed women during pregnancy. It is often difficult to diagnose and has a significant impact on ma...

    Authors: Prianka Puri, Anida Hanxhiu, Daniel V. O’Hara, Danny Hsu and Mirna Vucak-Dzumhur

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:488

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Peritoneal dialysis-associated peritonitis can uncommonly be caused by fungal infections. When they do present, they are associated with significant mortality and morbidity. We describe a case where a sample o...

    Authors: Victoria Jane Carnall, Stephanie Murdock, Cressida Auckland and Christopher J. Mulgrew

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:474

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Angioimmunoblastic T cell lymphoma (AITL) is an infrequent hematological malignancy with variable and often atypical presentations. The presence of dysproteinemia, autoantibodies and systemic involvement in AI...

    Authors: Xiang-Yang Li, Hai-Yan He, Shu-Ling Yue and Pearl Pai

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:463

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Most patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) present with respiratory or digestive symptoms. About 3% of patients have electrolyte disturbances at the time of diagnosis, but most of the described cases presenting w...

    Authors: Yangming Cao, Rachel Donaldson and David Lee

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:462

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Renal angiomyolipoma (RAML) is a rare benign kidney tumour comprised of adipose tissue, smooth muscle, and blood vessels. It can cause fatal complications if it ruptures. Although there have been reports of RA...

    Authors: Zechuan Liu, Yinghua Zou, Tianshi Lv, Haitao Guan and Zeyang Fan

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:455

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Transplant renal artery stenosis (TRAS) is a serious vascular complication that occurs after renal transplantation and can result in hypertension, renal functional impairment, and graft loss. Endovascular trea...

    Authors: Xiangjun Dong, Yingliang Wang, Huimin Liang, Chuansheng Zheng, Hui Zhao, Hong yao Hu, Xi Long and Yangbo Su

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:439

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is an autoimmune polyneuropathy affecting the peripheral nervous system. This neurological disorder has been previously reported in bone marrow transplant recipients but is uncomm...

    Authors: Izabela Zakrocka, Iwona Baranowicz-Gąszczyk, Agnieszka Korolczuk and Wojciech Załuska

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:434

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Idiopathic membranous nephropathy (MN) is one of the major glomerulonephritis that cause nephrotic syndrome. The phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R) has recently been identified as an endogenous antigen of idiopath...

    Authors: Rei Iio, Shin’ichi Akiyama, Kensuke Mitsumoto, Yukimasa Iwata, Hiroki Okushima, Karin Shimada, Naomi Ota, Kodo Tomida, Hiroaki Fushimi, Tatsuya Shoji, Masanori Matsumoto and Terumasa Hayashi

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:431

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Minimal change disease (MCD) is one of the causes of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome in adults. The pathogenesis of proteinuria in MCD has not been fully understood. Recently, it has been reported that the recep...

    Authors: Keisuke Horikoshi, Norihiko Sakai, Naoki Yamamoto, Hisayuki Ogura, Koichi Sato, Taro Miyagawa, Shinji Kitajima, Tadashi Toyama, Akinori Hara, Yasunori Iwata, Miho Shimizu, Kengo Furuichi and Takashi Wada

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:416

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Concurrent type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and idiopathic nephrotic syndrome is rare, and most previously reported cases were in children. We report the case of an adult woman who developed T1DM and minimal ch...

    Authors: Ryuzoh Nishizono, Hiroki Kogou, Yuri Ishizaki, Akihiro Minakawa, Masao Kikuchi, Hiroko Inagaki, Yuji Sato and Shouichi Fujimoto

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:410

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Herein, a 3-year-old boy presented with hidden-onset isolated proteinuria was reported. The disease was induced by COQ8B (previously termed ADCK4) compound heterozygous variants, including c.[271C > T] and c.[737...

    Authors: Shu-bo Zhai, Li Zhang, Bai-chao Sun, Yan Zhang and Qing-shan Ma

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:406

    Content type: Case report

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  30. We here report on the first observation of a C3 mutation that is related to atypical hemolytic and uremic syndrome (aHUS), which occurred in a pancreatic islet transplant patient. Immunosuppressive treatments,...

    Authors: Thibault Bahougne, Jérome Olagne, Marion Munch, Laura Braun-Parvez, Marie-Pierrette Chenard, Véronique Frémeaux-Bacchi, Sophie Caillard, Philippe Baltzinger, Michel Greget, Laurence Kessler and Bruno Moulin

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:405

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Peritoneal dialysis (PD)-related peritonitis is a rare but serious complication and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality rates. It is most commonly caused by Staphylococcus aureus or Staphylococcu...

    Authors: Kristina Boss, Ina Wiegard-Szramek, Jan Dziobaka, Andreas Kribben and Sebastian Dolff

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:404

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Primary coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) deficiency of genetic origin is one of a few treatable focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). Renal morphologic evidence for COQ8B mutation and CoQ10 deficiencies of other gene mu...

    Authors: Yujiro Maeoka, Toshiki Doi, Masaho Aizawa, Kisho Miyasako, Shuma Hirashio, Yukinari Masuda, Yoshihito Kishita, Yasushi Okazaki, Kei Murayama, Toshiyuki Imasawa, Shigeo Hara and Takao Masaki

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:376

    Content type: Case report

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  33. When we encounter patients who present with both a neck mass and nephrotic syndrome, both malignancy and Kimura’s disease need to be evaluated as the therapeutic strategies differ vastly between them.

    Authors: Hayato Fujioka, Tsutomu Koike, Teruhiko Imamura, Kota Kakeshita, Hidenori Yamazaki, Hideharu Abe, Takahiko Nakajima and Koichiro Kinugawa

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:369

    Content type: Case report

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  34. Autosomal dominant tubulointerstitial kidney disease (ADTKD) caused by a pathogenic variant in UMOD (ADTKD-UMOD) is a rare group of diseases characterized by hyperuricaemia with decreased urinary excretion of ura...

    Authors: Ying Wang, Haibo Liu, Qingnan He, Zhuwen Yi, Yongzhen Li and Xiqiang Dang

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:368

    Content type: Case report

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  35. IgA nephropathy is the most common glomerulonephritis. Secondary IgA nephropathy complicated with systemic diseases, including psoriasis, is also often reported. Generalized pustular psoriasis is a form of pso...

    Authors: Yuka Segawa, Ryo Ishida, Fuminao Kanehisa, Kunihiro Nakai, Mari Morimoto, Masafumi Seno, Mayuka Nakayama, Tetsuro Kusaba, Norito Katoh and Keiichi Tamagaki

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:366

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Anti-low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 2 (LRP2) nephropathy/anti-brush border antibody (ABBA) disease is a disorder characterized by acute tubulointerstitial injury associated with circulating a...

    Authors: Xiaoye Zhu, Lingxue Tu, Shaojun Liu, Huaizhou You, Jun Xue and Chuanming Hao

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:364

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Mutations in the Wilms tumor 1 gene cause a spectrum of podocytopathy ranging from diffuse mesangial sclerosis to focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. In a considerable fraction of patients with Wilms tumor 1 muta...

    Authors: Daisuke Matsuoka, Shunsuke Noda, Motoko Kamiya, Yoshihiko Hidaka, Hisashi Shimojo, Yasushi Yamada, Tsutomu Miyamoto, Kandai Nozu, Kazumoto Iijima and Hiroyasu Tsukaguchi

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:362

    Content type: Case report

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  38. Up to one third of patients on renal replacement programmes have an unknown cause of kidney disease, and the diagnosis may only be established following renal transplantation when the disease recurs or if new ...

    Authors: Tayeba Roper, Mark Harber, Gareth Jones, Robert D. S. Pitceathly and Alan D. Salama

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:361

    Content type: Case report

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  39. Hypocomplementemic urticarial vasculitis syndrome is an infrequent condition characterized by ocular, renal, gastrointestinal and pulmonary involvement with low serum complement levels and autoantibodies. Rena...

    Authors: Kalliopi Vallianou, Chrysanthi Skalioti, George Liapis, John N. Boletis and Smaragdi Marinaki

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:351

    Content type: Case report

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  40. Genetic changes in the LIM homeobox transcription factor 1 beta (LMX1B) have been associated with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) without the extra-renal or ultrastructural manifestations of Nail-patell...

    Authors: Filippo Pinto e Vairo, Pavel N. Pichurin, Fernando C. Fervenza, Samih H. Nasr, Kevin Mills, Christopher T. Schmitz, Eric W. Klee and Sandra M. Herrmann

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:341

    Content type: Case report

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  41. MIRAGE syndrome is a recently discovered rare genetic disease characterized by myelodysplasia (M), infection (I), growth restriction (R), adrenal hypoplasia (A), genital phenotypes (G), and enteropathy (E), ca...

    Authors: Sho Ishiwa, Koichi Kamei, Kanako Tanase-Nakao, Shinsuke Shibata, Kunihiro Matsunami, Ichiro Takeuchi, Mai Sato, Kenji Ishikura and Satoshi Narumi

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:340

    Content type: Case report

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  42. The nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitor Tenofovir Alafenamide (TAF) is a novel pro-drug of tenofovir (TFV) and possesses a superior renal safety profile compared with tenofovir disoproxil fumerate (TDF)...

    Authors: Jack E. Heron, Mark Bloch, Vinay Vanguru, John Saunders and David M. Gracey

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:339

    Content type: Case report

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  43. Familial distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA) associated with mutations of solute carrier family 4 membrane − 1 (SLC4A1) gene could co-exist with red cell membrane abnormality, Southeast Asian ovalocytosis (SAO)....

    Authors: WMSN Gunaratne, DMDIB Dissanayake, KADS Jayaratne, NP Premawardhana and Sisira Siribaddana

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:327

    Content type: Case report

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  44. Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) is an ongoing pandemic which has affected over 12 million people across the globe. Manifestations in different organs systems are being reported regularly. Renal biopsy find...

    Authors: Rajib K. Gupta, Ramya Bhargava, Al-Aman Shaukat, Emily Albert and John Leggat

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:326

    Content type: Case report

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  45. Patients with End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) are at an increased risk for restrictive lung disease due to accumulation of uremic toxins and volume overload. Hemodialysis is the preferred treatment for improvin...

    Authors: Thatsaphan Srithongkul, Owen D. Lyons, Rose Faratro and Christopher T. Chan

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:322

    Content type: Case report

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  46. Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), a common subtype of thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA), is characterized by microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and acute kidney injury. Shiga toxin-producing Esche...

    Authors: Chuan Shi, Chao Li, Wei Ye, Wen-ling Ye and Ming-xi Li

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:319

    Content type: Case report

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  47. IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a newly classified but poorly understood immune-medicated systemic disease. It causes potential fibroinflammation in one or more organs, characterized by tumescent organs and ...

    Authors: Hui Wang, Tao Su, Lei Kang, Li Yang and Suxia Wang

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:315

    Content type: Case report

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