Skip to main content

Advertisement

Case Reports

This section welcomes submissions of case reports only.

Page 1 of 6

  1. Patients with end-stage renal disease undergoing chronic hemodialysis (HD) are at high risk to develop tuberculosis (TB) associated with a high mortality rate. TB diagnosis is often delayed due to non-specific...

    Authors: Florence Bonkain, Dieter De Clerck, Violette Dirix, Mahavir Singh, Camille Locht, Françoise Mascart and Véronique Corbière

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:214

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  2. Thrombotic microangiopathies (TMAs) occurring in the postpartum period may be difficult to manage. They present as the combination of mechanical hemolytic anemia and consumption thrombocytopenia due to endothe...

    Authors: Cyril Mousseaux, Bérangère S. Joly, Inna Mohamadou, Romain Arrestier, Alexandre Hertig and Cédric Rafat

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:204

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  3. The kidney is a major target in primary antiphospholipid syndrome. Several types of nephropathy have been reported, the most frequent being acute or chronic specific vascular nephropathies and membranous nephr...

    Authors: Maxime Teisseyre, Hélène Perrochia, Pascal Reboul, Sylvain Cariou, Sophie Renaud, Cédric Aglae and Olivier Moranne

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:196

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  4. Fibrillary glomerulonephritis (FGN) is distinguished from amyloidosis by thicker fibrils and the lack of staining with histochemical dyes typically reactive with amyloid. However, congophilic FGN has been prop...

    Authors: Misa Adachi, Mineaki Kitamura, Kumiko Muta, Akihiro Maekawa, Tadashi Uramatsu, Masato Tadokoro, Satoshi Funakoshi, Satoshi Hisano, Naomi Kuwahara, Akira Shimizu, Hiroshi Mukae and Tomoya Nishino

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:195

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  5. Arterial reconstruction is one of the paramount procedures in kidney transplantation (KT) and greatly important if the procured kidney has multiple renal arteries (MRA). Despite various established techniques ...

    Authors: Mitsuru Tomizawa, Shunta Hori, Nobutaka Nishimura, Chihiro Omori, Yasushi Nakai, Makito Miyake, Tatsuo Yoneda and Kiyohide Fujimoto

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:190

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  6. Crystalglobulin-associated nephropathy (CAN), a rare subtype of monoclonal gammopathy, usually associated with multiple myeloma and occasionally monoclonal gammopathy of uncertain significance (MGUS), is chara...

    Authors: Rajib K. Gupta, Lois J. Arend, Anupama BK, Sriram Narsipur and Ramya Bhargava

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:184

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  7. Thalassemia is a group of hereditary diseases characterized by a common recessive monogenic hematological disorder, presenting a significant public health concern in the developing countries. Recent studies ha...

    Authors: Jun Ni, Caifeng Zhu, Xiaoqiu Ni and Jiazhen Yin

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:182

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  8. Monoclonal immunoglobulin deposition disease (MIDD) is a rare condition accounting for < 1% of histopathological diagnoses made on kidney biopsy1. The best outcomes are seen in those diagnosed and treated promptl...

    Authors: Michael Turner, Anna Crawford, Claire Winterbottom, Oliver Flossmann, Bassam Alchi, Maria Soares and Umanath Bhandary

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:175

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  9. Female Dent disease 1 patients with low-molecular-weight proteinuria (LMWP) due to CLCN5 gene mutation were rarely reported, and these cases that the people were also with Turner syndrome (TS) were even hardly do...

    Authors: Yuhong Ye, Jingjing Wang, Xiaofang Quan, Ke Xu, Haidong Fu, Weiyue Gu and Jianhua Mao

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:171

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  10. Schimke immuno-osseous dysplasia (SIOD) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia, progressive renal insufficiency and defective cellular immunity. Podocytic infoldin...

    Authors: Shiqiu Xiong, Lanjun Shuai, Xiaoyan Li, Xiqiang Dang, Xiaochuan Wu and Qingnan He

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:170

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  11. Xylitol is an approved food additive that is widely used as a sweetener in many manufactured products. It is also used in pharmaceuticals. Secondary oxalosis resulting from high dietary oxalate has been report...

    Authors: Shinobu Takayasu, Aya Kamba, Kazutaka Yoshida, Ken Terui, Yutaka Watanuki, Noriko Ishigame, Satoru Mizushiri, Tetsu Tomita, Kazuhiko Nakamura, Norio Yasui-Furukori and Makoto Daimon

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:157

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  12. Eosinophilic peritonitis is a relatively rare entity. Kimura’s disease is a rare chronic inflammatory disorder of unknown etiology, characterized by subcutaneous nodules mainly in the head and neck region, reg...

    Authors: Bingxin Yu, Zhikai Yang, Di Song, Zi Wang, Damin Xu, Suxia Wang, Lin Nong, Fude Zhou and Jie Dong

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:138

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  13. Vibrio vulnificus infection is a rare but fatal foodborne illness. Here, we report a case of Vibrio vulnificus peritonitis followed by severe septicemia in a patient undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal di...

    Authors: Jae Young Kim, Young Su Joo, Sangmi Lee, Ji Young Lee, Jung Tak Park, Seong Hyeok Han, Tae-Hyun Yoo and Shin-Wook Kang

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:127

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  14. The advent of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) has significantly improved the prognosis of patients with advanced malignancies. On the other hand, these drugs might cause immune-related adverse events (irAE...

    Authors: Natsumi Matsuoka, Kenji Tsuji, Eiki Ichihara, Takayuki Hara, Kazuhiko Fukushima, Kishio Toma, Shinji Kitamura, Kenichi Inagaki, Hitoshi Sugiyama and Jun Wada

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:113

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  15. Encapsulating-peritoneal-sclerosis (EPS) is a rare, but serious and life-threatening complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD). Treatment of EPS consists of discontinuation of PD and maintenance of nutritional ...

    Authors: Vassilios Liakopoulos, Panagiotis I. Georgianos, Vasilios Vaios, Stefanos Roumeliotis, Apostolos Karligkiotis and Pantelis E. Zebekakis

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:110

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  16. The conjunction of hepatitis and renal disease can be seen in several clinical context, including karyomegalic nephritis (KIN). Karyomegalic nephritis (KIN) is a rare genetic disease, with less than 50 cases r...

    Authors: Jonathan Dash, Patrick Saudan, Ariane Paoloni-Giacobino, Solange Moll and Sophie de Seigneux

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:107

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  17. Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) is a rare disease characterized by systemic thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) reflected by hemolysis, anemia, thrombocytopenia and systemic organ injury. The optimal ma...

    Authors: Christoph Nunius, Maike Büttner-Herold, Simone Bertz, Mario Schiffer and Bjoern Buchholz

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:104

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  18. P. multocida (Pasteurella multocida) is animal-sourced gram-negative coccobacillus which can be transmitted to human through many animals including household pets. P. multocida induced peritoneal dialysis-related...

    Authors: Haoran Mu, Man Yang, Yueyue Zhang, Yajing Zhang, Juan Wang, Weijie Yuan and Shu Rong

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:102

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  19. Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) syndromes are characterized by the association of hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia and organ injury due to arteriolar and capillary thrombosis.

    Authors: C. Philipponnet, J. Desenclos, M. Brailova, J. Aniort, J. L. Kemeny, C. Deville, V. Fremeaux-Bacchi, B. Souweine and A. E. Heng

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:96

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  20. Initial presentation of peritoneal dialysis associated infectious peritonitis can be clinically indistinguishable from Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI) and both may demonstrate a cloudy dialysate. Empiric...

    Authors: Kairav J. Shah, Kartikeya Cherabuddi, Kalynn B. Pressly, Kaitlyn L. Wright and Ashutosh Shukla

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:76

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  21. Low birth weight (LBW) is associated with end-stage kidney disease and hypertension and is considered to be a surrogate marker of low nephron number. Low nephron number is hypothesized to contribute to glomeru...

    Authors: Yuriko Shiozaki, Tomoyuki Fujikura, Shinsuke Isobe, Ibuki Takatsuka, Taichi Sato, Daiki Goto, Sayaka Ishigaki, Naro Ohashi and Hideo Yasuda

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:75

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  22. Karyomegalic interstitial nephritis (KIN) is a rare hereditary cause of chronic kidney disease. It typically causes progressive renal impairment with haemoproteinuria requiring renal replacement therapy before...

    Authors: Steven Law, Julian Gillmore, Janet A. Gilbertson, Paul Bass and Alan D. Salama

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:74

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  23. IgA deficiency associated with glomerulonephritis is rare. In particular, there is no prior report regarding the association between IgA deficiency and membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) in childr...

    Authors: Keisuke Sugimoto, Takuji Enya, Kohei Miyazaki, Tomoki Miyazawa, Tsukasa Takemura and Mitsuru Okada

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:68

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  24. Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a highly prevalent genetic disease worldwide. In the natural evolution of SCD, glomerular lesions can develop, presenting histopathological patterns of segmental or focal membranop...

    Authors: Precil Diego Miranda de Menezes Neves, Bernardo Vergara Reichert, Ramaiane Aparecida Bridi, Luis Yu, Cristiane Bitencourt Dias, Rafaela Brito Bezerra Pinheiro, Leonardo de Abreu Testagrossa, Lívia Barreira Cavalcante, Denise Maria Avancini Costa Malheiros, Lectícia Barbosa Jorge and Viktoria Woronik

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:56

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  25. Kidney transplantation performed in the presence of high-titre donor-specific antibodies (DSA) may result in hyper-acute or accelerated antibody-mediated rejection and rapid allograft loss. Previous studies ha...

    Authors: Christina Lai, Allyson Newman, Jane Mawson, Frederika Abou-Daher, Narelle Watson, Avik Majumdar, Kate Wyburn, Steve Chadban and David Gracey

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:47

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  26. Diagnosis and treatment of either ANCA disease or silent infection-related glomerulonephritis is complicated and is a huge treatment challenge when overlapping clinical manifestations occur. We report a case o...

    Authors: D. Bele, N. Kojc, M. Perše, A. Černe Čerček, J. Lindič, A. Aleš Rigler and Ž. Večerić-Haler

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:40

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  27. Cancer-related thrombotic microangiopathy (CR-TMA) is a rare entity associated with a dismal prognosis. Usually, CR-TMA is associated with mucin-producing carcinomas among which stomach, breast, prostate, lung...

    Authors: Tristan de Nattes, Lucile Moreau-Grangé, Delphine Vezzosi, Julien Haddoux, Miguel Hie, Dominique Guerrot and Steven Grangé

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:35

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Nephrology 2020 21:44

  28. Transplant renal artery dissection is a rare and serious event that can cause allograft dysfunction and activation of the renin–mediated renovascular hypertension. Most cases are induced by percutaneous transl...

    Authors: Shunta Hori, Tatsuo Yoneda, Mitsuru Tomizawa, Kazuki Ichikawa, Yosuke Morizawa, Yasushi Nakai, Makito Miyake and Kiyohide Fujimoto

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:29

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  29. Cryofibrinogenemia is a rare disorder that mainly affects the skin and occasionally the kidney. However, there are few published reports of cryofibrinogenemia-associated renal pathology. We therefore report a ...

    Authors: Emi Ibuki, Aiko Shiraishi, Tadashi Sofue, Yoshio Kushida, Kyuichi Kadota, Kazuho Honda, Dedong Kang, Kensuke Joh, Tetsuo Minamino and Reiji Haba

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:27

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  30. Ambrisentan is a selective endothelin receptor antagonist used for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Little is known about ambrisentan removal by hemodialysis in patients with end-stage r...

    Authors: José Ramón Santos, Ana Merino, Walter E. Haefeli, Cristina Miranda, Marisol Prats, Ioana Bancu, Lucía Bailón and José Moltó

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2020 21:24

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  31. The commonly used methods for amyloid typing include immunofluorescence or immunohistochemistry (IHC), which sometimes may come with diagnostic pitfalls. Mass spectrometry (MS)-based proteomics has been recogn...

    Authors: Danyang Li, Dan Liu, Hui Xu, Xiao-juan Yu, Fu-de Zhou, Ming-hui Zhao and Su-xia Wang

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:476

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  32. Poststreptococcal acute glomerulonephritis (PSAGN) in the elderly tends to have a severe clinical course and often presents with crescentic necrotizing glomerulonephritis in the renal biopsy. However, vasculit...

    Authors: Keiko Yano, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Takashi Oda, Yoshihiko Ueda, Tatsuo Tsukamoto and Eri Muso

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:471

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  33. Fabry disease (FD) is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder caused by mutations of the GLA gene, followed by deficiency in α-galactosidase A (α-gal) activity. Nephrotic syndrome, as the renal phenotype of FD, is...

    Authors: Hironobu Fujisawa, Yosuke Nakayama, Shoichiro Nakao, Ryo Yamamoto, Yuka Kurokawa, Nao Nakamura, Akiko Nagata, Takahiro Tsukimura, Tadayasu Togawa, Hitoshi Sakuraba and Kei Fukami

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:469

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  34. Although most cases of tubulointerstitial nephritis in paraproteinemia are monoclonal light chain deposition-mediated, interstitial nephritis as neoplastic interstitial cell infiltration has rarely been descri...

    Authors: Takako Saeki, Takashi Kuroha, Yuya Sato, Maasa Tamura, Akira Iguchi, Tomoyuki Ito, Hajime Yamazaki, Yumi Ito, Kazuhiro Yoshita, Naofumi Imai, Ichiei Narita and Hiroyuki Usuda

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:464

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  35. C3 glomerulonephritis (C3GN) is a rare disease caused by inherited or acquired complement alternative pathway (CAP) dysregulation, which could also be secondary to monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined signifi...

    Authors: Lin-Lin Li, Zhi-Ying Li, Su-Xia Wang, Xiao-Juan Yu, Ying Tan, Yu Wang, Feng Yu and Ming-Hui Zhao

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:459

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  36. Galactomannan index (GMI) at a level higher than 0.5 provides high sensitivity and specificity for the diagnosis of fungal peritonitis. Here, we report the false-positive of GMI in peritoneal dialysis (PD) eff...

    Authors: Tamonwan Chamroensakchai, Wasin Manuprasert, Asada Leelahavanichkul, Kullaya Takkavatakarn, Nisa Thongbor, Bunpring Jaroenpattrawut and Talerngsak Kanjanabuch

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:445

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  37. Experimental studies have demonstrated that hypersecretion of growth hormone (GH) is associated with development of glomerular sclerosis. However, clinical case of such condition is very rare. Here we presente...

    Authors: Jia Zheng, Zhao Cui, Ji-cheng Lv, Hong-zhou Duan, Su-xia Wang, Jun-qing Zhang, Fu-de Zhou, Xiao-hui Guo and Ming-hui Zhao

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:435

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  38. Renal hypouricemia (RHUC) is an inherited heterogenous disorder caused by faulty urate reabsorption transporters in the renal proximal tubular cells. Anaerobic exercise may induce acute kidney injury in indivi...

    Authors: Yoshitaka Furuto, Mariko Kawamura, Akio Namikawa, Hiroko Takahashi, Yuko Shibuya, Takayasu Mori and Eisei Sohara

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:433

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  39. Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a hereditary disease characterized by the presence of renal cysts. Over time the expanding cysts lead to progressive renal failure. The use of tolvaptan,...

    Authors: Angela Maria Pellegrino, Luigi Annicchiarico Petruzzelli, Eleonora Riccio and Antonio Pisani

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:426

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  40. IgG4-related disease, described around the years 2000 as a form of autoimmune pancreatitis, is now increasingly accepted as a systemic syndrome. The diagnosis is based on both comprehensive and organ-specific ...

    Authors: Giorgia Comai, Vania Cuna, Benedetta Fabbrizio, Elena Sabattini, Ornella Leone, Francesco Tondolo, Andrea Angeletti, Maria Cappuccilli, Rocco Liguori and Gaetano La Manna

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:418

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  41. Secondary hyperparathyroidism is a common complication in patients with chronic kidney disease that requires vigilant treatment due to its high mortality rate. Pharmacologic therapy is recommended as an initia...

    Authors: Ho-Ryun Won, Jae Yoon Kang, In Ho Lee, Jin-Man Kim, Jae Won Chang and Bon Seok Koo

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:414

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  42. Persistent hyperparathyroidism after kidney transplantation has been associated with adverse outcomes. Parathyroidectomy is the definitive treatment approach, but the success of parathyroidectomy relies on the...

    Authors: Jun Yang, Jun Zhang, Jian-li Bi, Wan-wen Weng and Meng-jie Dong

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:405

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  43. Cystinosis is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder characterized by accumulation of cystine in lysosomes throughout the body. Cystinosis is caused by mutations in the CTNS gene that encodes the lysos...

    Authors: Svetlana Papizh, Victoria Serzhanova, Alexandra Filatova, Mikhail Skoblov, Vyacheslav Tabakov, Lambert van den Heuvel, Elena Levtchenko and Larisa Prikhodina

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:400

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  44. Sebaceous carcinoma is a rare but progressive malignant skin cancer, and the incidence is approximately five times higher in post-transplant patients than in people who have not received kidney transplants. Se...

    Authors: Masahiro Tomonari, Mariko Shimada, Yasuyuki Nakada, Izumi Yamamoto, Munenari Itoh, Yusuke Koike, Akimitsu Kobayashi, Jun Miki, Hiroki Yamada, Takahiro Kimura, Shinya Saito, Kokichi Sugano, Shigeki Sekine, Hiroyasu Yamamoto, Akihiko Asahina and Takashi Yokoo

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:394

    Content type: Case report

    Published on: