Skip to main content

Case Reports

This section welcomes submissions of case reports only.

Page 5 of 7

  1. Gallbladder perforation is a rare but lethal condition and its diagnosis is usually difficult and delayed. Frequently, gallbladder rupture is associated with cholecystitis, but spontaneous perforation was ever...

    Authors: Yueh-Lin Wu, Yi-Sheng Lin, Thomas Yu-Ren Hsueh, Wen-Ching Lo, Kuo-Chou Peng and Mu-Jung Kao

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:165

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  2. Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common hereditary renal disorder, leading to end stage renal failure and kidney transplantation in its most serious form. The severity of the di...

    Authors: Veronika Elisakova, Miroslav Merta, Jana Reiterova, Alica Baxova, Jaroslav Kotlas, Katerina Hirschfeldova, Lena Obeidova, Vladimir Tesar and Jitka Stekrova

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:163

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  3. While the majority of adult-onset minimal change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS) is a primary or an idiopathic form of disease, it can also occur as a secondary form. Reports on the spontaneous remission of MCNS are...

    Authors: Ayumi Haruki, Eiji Ishikawa, Kan Katayama, Takayasu Ito, Takuya Hiramoto, Mika Fujimoto, Tomohiro Murata and Masaaki Ito

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:162

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  4. Currently, the vasopressin V2 receptor antagonist tolvaptan is the only available treatment for autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), but there are tolerability issues due to aquaretic side-eff...

    Authors: Bart J. Kramers, Maatje D. A. van Gastel, Esther Meijer and Ron T. Gansevoort

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:157

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  5. Peritonitis secondary to bowel perforation is a rare and potentially fatal complication in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. However, the early diagnosis of bowel perforation is difficult in PD patients becau...

    Authors: Kentaro Fujii, Naoki Washida, Eri Arai, Masashi Tsuruta, Shu Wakino and Hiroshi Itoh

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:153

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  6. It has been suggested that C3 glomerulonephritis (C3GN) and atypical hemolytic-uremic syndrome (a stereotypical phenotype of thrombotic microangiopathy), two rare entities caused by complement alternative path...

    Authors: Jiqiu Wen, Wei Wang, Feng Xu, Jun Sun, Jinsong Chen and Xuefeng Ni

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:148

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  7. Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) are web-like DNA decorated with antimicrobial proteins, such as myeloperoxidase (MPO), which are extruded from activated neutrophils. Although NETs are essential in innate...

    Authors: Haruki Shida, Nobuhiro Hashimoto, Yoshihiro Kusunoki, Fumihiko Hattanda, Yayoi Ogawa, Terumasa Hayashi, Daigo Nakazawa, Sakiko Masuda, Utano Tomaru and Akihiro Ishizu

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:145

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  8. Arthrogryposis-Renal dysfunction-Cholestasis syndrome (ARC, MIM#208085) is a rare multisystem disease due to mutations in the VPS33B and VIPAR genes, both involved in maintaining apical-basolateral cell polarity....

    Authors: Alejandra Rosales, Maissa Mhibik, Paul Gissen, Oscar Segarra, Susana Redecillas and Gema Ariceta

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:144

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  9. Immunotactoid glomerulopathy (ITG) is a rare glomerulonephritis characterized by microtubular deposits. Immunofluorescence findings are necessary to differentiate ITG from other proliferative glomerular diseas...

    Authors: Shuma Hirashio, Takahiro Arima, Ayaka Satoh, Kouichi Mandai, Shigeo Hara and Takao Masaki

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:143

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  10. Renal replacement therapy (RRT) with regional citrate anticoagulation (RCA) is an important therapeutic approach for refractory hypercalcemia complicated with renal failure. However, RCA has the potential to i...

    Authors: Buyun Wu, Jing Wang, Guang Yang, Changying Xing and Huijuan Mao

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:136

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  11. Sickle cell trait is not completely benign, and some renal complications can occur. The baseline rate of admission for gross hematuria in normal males carrying the sickle cell trait is 2%.

    Authors: Alexandre Le Joncour, Laurent Mesnard, Alexandre Hertig and Thomas Robert

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:133

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  12. Catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome (CAPS) is a rare, life-threatening form of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) involving many organs and leading to their insufficiency. The pathogenesis of CAPS is associate...

    Authors: Aleksandra Rymarz and Stanisław Niemczyk

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:132

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  13. Morbidity associated with monoclonal gammopathy of renal significance is high due to the severe renal lesions and the associated systemic alterations. Accordingly, early diagnosis is fundamental, as is stoppin...

    Authors: Juana Alonso-Titos, Lara Perea-Ortega, Eugenia Sola, Alvaro Torres-Rueda, Myriam León, Remedios Toledo, Ana D. Duarte, Teresa Vazquez, Maria Dolores Martinez-Esteban, Alicia Bailen, Pedro Ruiz-Esteban and Domingo Hernandez

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:129

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  14. Epithelioid angiomyolipoma is defined as potentially malignant mesenchymal neoplasm, characterized by proliferating epithelioid cells, whereas classic angiomyolipoma, composed of fat, smooth muscle cells and d...

    Authors: Jan Tuma, Holger Moch, Gerd Stuckmann, Walter Gysel and Andreas L. Serra

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:123

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  15. Liddle’s syndrome is a rare monogenic form of hypertension caused by truncating or missense mutations in the C termini of the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) β or γ subunits. Patients with this syndrome prese...

    Authors: Eriko Yamaguchi, Kazuhiro Yoshikawa, Izaya Nakaya, Karen Kato, Yoshikazu Miyasato, Terumasa Nakagawa, Yutaka Kakizoe, Masashi Mukoyama and Jun Soma

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:122

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  16. Podocyte phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R) is a major target antigen in idiopathic adult membranous nephropathy (MN). Histological PLA2R staining in the renal tissue has proven to be useful for the detection of i...

    Authors: Kenta Tominaga, Takahiro Uchida, Toshihiko Imakiire, Kenji Itoh, Hideyuki Shimazaki, Kuniaki Nakanishi, Hiroo Kumagai and Naoki Oshima

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:120

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  17. Although the relationship between hyperparathyroidism and hypertension has been described for decades, the role of hyperparathyroidism in hypertension in dialysis is still unclear. Following the case of a seve...

    Authors: Andreea Corina Sofronie, Isabelle Kooij, Claude Bursot, Giulia Santagati, Jean-Philippe Coindre and Giorgina Barbara Piccoli

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:112

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  18. Lipodystrophy syndromes are rare disorders of variable body fat loss associated with potentially serious metabolic complications. Familial partial lipodystrophy (FPLD) is mostly inherited as an autosomal domin...

    Authors: Ru-Xuan Chen, Lei Zhang, Wei Ye, Yu-Bing Wen, Nuo Si, Hang Li, Ming-Xi Li, Xue-Mei Li and Ke Zheng

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:111

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  19. Complement component 3 (C3) glomerulopathy, which includes dense deposit disease (DDD) and C3 glomerulonephritis, is caused by dysregulation of the alternative complement pathway. In most cases, C3 glomerulopa...

    Authors: Shuma Hirashio, Ayaka Satoh, Takahiro Arima, Kouichi Mandai, Tadasuke Awaya, Kumi Oshima, Shigeo Hara and Takao Masaki

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:108

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  20. Monoclonal gammopathy causes several kinds of renal pathology. A rare and special form is monoclonal gammopathy-induced C3 glomerulopathy (MG-C3G). Like idiopathic C3G, MG-C3G frequently leads to end-stage ren...

    Authors: Philipp Moog, Philipp J. Jost and Maike Büttner-Herold

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:106

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  21. Urinothorax is defined as the presence of urine in the pleural space and is a rather rare cause of transudate pleural effusion. The potential etiologies are urinary tract obstruction and trauma. Diagnosis requ...

    Authors: Tae Won Lee, Ha Nee Jang, Hyun Seop Cho, See Min Choi, Bong-Hoi Choi, Eunjin Bae, Se-Ho Chang and Dong Jun Park

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:104

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  22. Cryptococcosis is an important opportunistic infection of organ transplant recipients. It is the third most common fungal infection of transplant patients and occurs especially in kidney recipients. Cryptococcus ...

    Authors: Albert Z. Muranda, Ludolf Greeff, Mike M. Sathekge, Thabo Lengano and Victor O. L. Karusseit

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:94

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  23. The poorly differentiated renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with rhabdomyosarcomatous sarcomatoid differentiation shows a severely aggressive biological behavior characterized by rapid disease progression. Preoperati...

    Authors: Xiang Liang, Yupin Liu, Pengcheng Ran, Meili Tang, Changlei Xu and Yazhen Zhu

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:84

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  24. C3 glomerulonephritis is a rare glomerulopathy characterized at renal biopsy by C3 deposition, alone or with scanty immunoglobulins, as well as by an electron-dense material in mesangium, subendothelial and su...

    Authors: Domenico Santoro, Rossella Siligato, Carmela Vadalà, Mariacristina Lucanto, Simona Cristadoro, Giovanni Conti, Michele Buemi, Stefano Costa, Ettore Sabadini and Giuseppe Magazzù

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:73

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  25. Vancomycin is the first-line antibiotic for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative strains. The risk of vancomycin-induced acute kidney injury increases with plasma vancomycin levels. ...

    Authors: Anri Sawada, Kunio Kawanishi, Shohei Morikawa, Toshihiro Nakano, Mio Kodama, Mitihiro Mitobe, Sekiko Taneda, Junki Koike, Mamiko Ohara, Yoji Nagashima, Kosaku Nitta and Takahiro Mochizuki

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:72

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  26. Immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is primarily characterized by immune-mediated destruction of platelets in circulation. Major treatment options range from careful observation, steroids, immunosuppressive ...

    Authors: Raja Muhammad Rashid, Zahid Nabi, Ahmad Zaki Ansari and Quratul-ain Qaiser

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:69

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  27. Both prevention and treatment of recurrent immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) in kidney transplant recipients are important since recurrent IgAN seems to affect long-term graft survival. We present here a cas...

    Authors: Haruki Katsumata, Izumi Yamamoto, Yo Komatsuzaki, Mayuko Kawabe, Yusuke Okabayashi, Takafumi Yamakawa, Ai Katsuma, Yasuyuki Nakada, Akimitsu Kobayashi, Yudo Tanno, Jun Miki, Hiroki Yamada, Ichiro Ohkido, Nobuo Tsuboi, Hiroyasu Yamamoto and Takashi Yokoo

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:64

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  28. Page kidney phenomenon is caused by strong renal parenchymal compression and leads to renal hypoperfusion and microvascular ischemia, resulting in renal dysfunction and hypertension. Although the development o...

    Authors: Shunta Hori, Mitsuru Tomizawa, Fumisato Maesaka, Takuya Owari, Yosuke Morizawa, Yasushi Nakai, Makito Miyake, Tatsuo Yoneda, Nobumichi Tanaka, Katsunori Yoshida and Kiyohide Fujimoto

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:59

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  29. Membranous nephropathy (MN), the leading cause of nephrotic syndrome in adults, is characterized by the deposition of subepithelial immune deposits. Most of the cases are primary, while only approximately 25% ...

    Authors: Sanda Mrabet, Narjess Ben Aicha, Nihed Abdessayed, Moncef Mokni and Abdellatif Achour

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:57

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  30. Renal transplant is the preferred treatment option for these patients with end-stage renal disease. Transplant renal artery stenosis (TRAS) is one of the most common and serious vascular complications after re...

    Authors: Xiaohang Li, Jialin Zhang, Yiman Meng, Lei Yang, Fengshan Wang, Baifeng Li and Xitong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:56

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  31. It is well-recognized that injection of iodinated radiographic contrast media (CM) sometimes causes acute renal injury via multiple mechanisms, such as vasoconstriction, toxicity on glomerular endothelium and ...

    Authors: Hua Su, Chen Ye, Qian Wen, Hong-Yan Zhu, Li-Xia Yi and Chun Zhang

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:53

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  32. Cilostazol is an antiplatelet drug that is widely prescribed for the prevention of secondary stroke. Adverse reactions to cilostazol include headaches, palpitations, and diarrhea. Little is known about the nep...

    Authors: Hisato Shima, Manabu Tashiro, Satoshi Yamada, Motokazu Matsuura, Kazuyoshi Okada, Toshio Doi, Jun Minakuchi and Shu Kawashima

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:52

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  33. Acute tubulointerstitial nephritis (ATIN) has been increasingly recognized as an important manifestation of kidney injury associated with the use of immune checkpoint inhibitors (anti-PD-1 and anti-CTLA-4). Wh...

    Authors: Ryo Koda, Hirofumi Watanabe, Masafumi Tsuchida, Noriaki Iino, Kazuo Suzuki, Go Hasegawa, Naofumi Imai and Ichiei Narita

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:48

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  34. Significant attention has been directed toward the high incidence of malignant tumours that occur post-transplantation. However, there are few reports of myeloid sarcomas (MSs) following renal transplantation.

    Authors: Liang Ying, Lei Tian, Yuanyuan Xie, Qin Wang, Xiajing Che, Jiayi Yan, Lijing Shen, Honghui Huang, Fangyuan Chen, Ming Zhang, Zhaohui Ni and Shan Mou

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:46

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  35. Leigh syndrome (LS) is a rare neurodegenerative mitochondrial disorder which typically presents in childhood but has a varied clinical course. Renal involvement such as proximal tubulopathy in patients with mi...

    Authors: Kathryn Ducharlet, Dominic Thyagarajan, Francesco Ierino, Lawrence P. McMahon and Darren Lee

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:23

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  36. Leptospirosis is a rare infectious disease especially in Western Countries. Renal involvement is a recognised complication of leptospirosis but leptospirosis-associated haemolytic uraemic syndrome is extremely...

    Authors: Vasantha Muthu Muthuppalaniappan, Ravindra Rajakariar and Mark John Blunden

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:20

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  37. Cellulitis is an unusual presentation of disseminated cryptococcosis, a serious infection seen predominantly in immunocompromised hosts. Disseminated cryptococcosis carries significant morbidity for transplant...

    Authors: Katrina Chakradeo, Y. Y. Paul Chia, Cheng Liu, David W. Mudge and Janath De Silva

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:18

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  38. Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) secondary to gemcitabine therapy (GiTMA) is a very rare pathology that carries a poor prognosis, with nearly half of the cases progressing to end stage renal disease. GiTMA is ...

    Authors: Vinod Krishnappa, Mohit Gupta, Haikoo Shah, Abhijit Das, Natthavat Tanphaichitr, Robert Novak and Rupesh Raina

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:9

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  39. Amyloid A amyloidosis is one of the most common forms of amyloidosis. It is secondary to rheumatoid arthritis, which is difficult to manage and has a poor prognosis. We present a patient with rheumatoid arthri...

    Authors: Akira Yamagata, Takahiro Uchida, Yuji Yamada, Takashi Nakanishi, Kazue Nagai, Toshihiko Imakiire, Naoki Oshima and Hiroo Kumagai

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:377

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  40. Various renal manifestations are known to develop in patients with liver disease, including chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis.

    Authors: Daisuke Takada, Keiichi Sumida, Akinari Sekine, Ryo Hazue, Masayuki Yamanouchi, Tatsuya Suwabe, Noriko Hayami, Junichi Hoshino, Naoki Sawa, Kenmei Takaichi, Takeshi Fujii, Kenichi Ohashi and Yoshifumi Ubara

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:362

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  41. Mycophenolic acid (MPA), either given as an ester pro-drug or as an enteric-coated sodium salt, is the most commonly prescribed anti-proliferative immunosuppressive agent used following organ transplantation a...

    Authors: Nina T. Weber, Ali Sigaroudi, Alexander Ritter, Andreas Boss, Kuno Lehmann, David Goodman, Stefan Farese, Stefan Weiler and Thomas F. Mueller

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:360

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  42. Renal failure due to the infiltration of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells into the tubulointerstitial area of the kidney is uncommon. Furthermore, granulomatous interstitial nephritis (GIN) is a rare h...

    Authors: Yasuo Suzuki, Kan Katayama, Eiji Ishikawa, Shoko Mizoguchi, Keiko Oda, Yosuke Hirabayashi, Ayumi Haruki, Takayasu Ito, Mika Fujimoto, Tomohiro Murata and Masaaki Ito

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:348

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  43. Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) is a common complication in patients receiving chronic dialysis therapy. Although cinacalcet can control parathyroid function and bone turnover, preventing ectopic calcific...

    Authors: Daisuke Takada, Tatsuo Tsukamoto, Miho Fuse, Shinpei Kada and Motoko Yanagita

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:315

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  44. Complications of peritoneal dialysis (PD) such as pain and catheter leakage are frequently reported. Delayed bowel perforation of a PD catheter is a rare adverse event but a serious complication associated wit...

    Authors: Maki Fujiwara, Takeshi Soda, Takuya Okada, Hiroshi Kanamaru, Takahiro Inoue and Osamu Ogawa

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:312

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  45. Cystinosis is a rare autosomal recessive lysosomal disorder characterized by the accumulation of cystine in lysosomes. Cystinosis is much rarer in Asian than Caucasian populations. There are only 14 patients h...

    Authors: Satomi Higashi, Natsuki Matsunoshita, Masako Otani, Etsuro Tokuhiro, Kandai Nozu and Shuichi Ito

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:300

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

COVID-19 Announcement

As a result of the significant disruption that is being caused by the COVID-19 pandemic we are very aware that many researchers will have difficulty in meeting the timelines associated with our peer review process during normal times.  Please do let us know if you need additional time. Our systems will continue to remind you of the original timelines but we intend to be highly flexible at this time. Thank you.

2018 Journal Metrics