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Case Reports

This section welcomes submissions of case reports only.

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  1. Page kidney phenomenon is caused by strong renal parenchymal compression and leads to renal hypoperfusion and microvascular ischemia, resulting in renal dysfunction and hypertension. Although the development o...

    Authors: Shunta Hori, Mitsuru Tomizawa, Fumisato Maesaka, Takuya Owari, Yosuke Morizawa, Yasushi Nakai, Makito Miyake, Tatsuo Yoneda, Nobumichi Tanaka, Katsunori Yoshida and Kiyohide Fujimoto

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:59

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Membranous nephropathy (MN), the leading cause of nephrotic syndrome in adults, is characterized by the deposition of subepithelial immune deposits. Most of the cases are primary, while only approximately 25% ...

    Authors: Sanda Mrabet, Narjess Ben Aicha, Nihed Abdessayed, Moncef Mokni and Abdellatif Achour

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:57

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Renal transplant is the preferred treatment option for these patients with end-stage renal disease. Transplant renal artery stenosis (TRAS) is one of the most common and serious vascular complications after re...

    Authors: Xiaohang Li, Jialin Zhang, Yiman Meng, Lei Yang, Fengshan Wang, Baifeng Li and Xitong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:56

    Content type: Case report

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  4. It is well-recognized that injection of iodinated radiographic contrast media (CM) sometimes causes acute renal injury via multiple mechanisms, such as vasoconstriction, toxicity on glomerular endothelium and ...

    Authors: Hua Su, Chen Ye, Qian Wen, Hong-Yan Zhu, Li-Xia Yi and Chun Zhang

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:53

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Cilostazol is an antiplatelet drug that is widely prescribed for the prevention of secondary stroke. Adverse reactions to cilostazol include headaches, palpitations, and diarrhea. Little is known about the nep...

    Authors: Hisato Shima, Manabu Tashiro, Satoshi Yamada, Motokazu Matsuura, Kazuyoshi Okada, Toshio Doi, Jun Minakuchi and Shu Kawashima

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:52

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Acute tubulointerstitial nephritis (ATIN) has been increasingly recognized as an important manifestation of kidney injury associated with the use of immune checkpoint inhibitors (anti-PD-1 and anti-CTLA-4). Wh...

    Authors: Ryo Koda, Hirofumi Watanabe, Masafumi Tsuchida, Noriaki Iino, Kazuo Suzuki, Go Hasegawa, Naofumi Imai and Ichiei Narita

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:48

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Significant attention has been directed toward the high incidence of malignant tumours that occur post-transplantation. However, there are few reports of myeloid sarcomas (MSs) following renal transplantation.

    Authors: Liang Ying, Lei Tian, Yuanyuan Xie, Qin Wang, Xiajing Che, Jiayi Yan, Lijing Shen, Honghui Huang, Fangyuan Chen, Ming Zhang, Zhaohui Ni and Shan Mou

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:46

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Leigh syndrome (LS) is a rare neurodegenerative mitochondrial disorder which typically presents in childhood but has a varied clinical course. Renal involvement such as proximal tubulopathy in patients with mi...

    Authors: Kathryn Ducharlet, Dominic Thyagarajan, Francesco Ierino, Lawrence P. McMahon and Darren Lee

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:23

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Leptospirosis is a rare infectious disease especially in Western Countries. Renal involvement is a recognised complication of leptospirosis but leptospirosis-associated haemolytic uraemic syndrome is extremely...

    Authors: Vasantha Muthu Muthuppalaniappan, Ravindra Rajakariar and Mark John Blunden

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:20

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Cellulitis is an unusual presentation of disseminated cryptococcosis, a serious infection seen predominantly in immunocompromised hosts. Disseminated cryptococcosis carries significant morbidity for transplant...

    Authors: Katrina Chakradeo, Y. Y. Paul Chia, Cheng Liu, David W. Mudge and Janath De Silva

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:18

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) secondary to gemcitabine therapy (GiTMA) is a very rare pathology that carries a poor prognosis, with nearly half of the cases progressing to end stage renal disease. GiTMA is ...

    Authors: Vinod Krishnappa, Mohit Gupta, Haikoo Shah, Abhijit Das, Natthavat Tanphaichitr, Robert Novak and Rupesh Raina

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:9

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Amyloid A amyloidosis is one of the most common forms of amyloidosis. It is secondary to rheumatoid arthritis, which is difficult to manage and has a poor prognosis. We present a patient with rheumatoid arthri...

    Authors: Akira Yamagata, Takahiro Uchida, Yuji Yamada, Takashi Nakanishi, Kazue Nagai, Toshihiko Imakiire, Naoki Oshima and Hiroo Kumagai

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:377

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Various renal manifestations are known to develop in patients with liver disease, including chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis.

    Authors: Daisuke Takada, Keiichi Sumida, Akinari Sekine, Ryo Hazue, Masayuki Yamanouchi, Tatsuya Suwabe, Noriko Hayami, Junichi Hoshino, Naoki Sawa, Kenmei Takaichi, Takeshi Fujii, Kenichi Ohashi and Yoshifumi Ubara

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:362

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Mycophenolic acid (MPA), either given as an ester pro-drug or as an enteric-coated sodium salt, is the most commonly prescribed anti-proliferative immunosuppressive agent used following organ transplantation a...

    Authors: Nina T. Weber, Ali Sigaroudi, Alexander Ritter, Andreas Boss, Kuno Lehmann, David Goodman, Stefan Farese, Stefan Weiler and Thomas F. Mueller

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:360

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Renal failure due to the infiltration of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells into the tubulointerstitial area of the kidney is uncommon. Furthermore, granulomatous interstitial nephritis (GIN) is a rare h...

    Authors: Yasuo Suzuki, Kan Katayama, Eiji Ishikawa, Shoko Mizoguchi, Keiko Oda, Yosuke Hirabayashi, Ayumi Haruki, Takayasu Ito, Mika Fujimoto, Tomohiro Murata and Masaaki Ito

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:348

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) is a common complication in patients receiving chronic dialysis therapy. Although cinacalcet can control parathyroid function and bone turnover, preventing ectopic calcific...

    Authors: Daisuke Takada, Tatsuo Tsukamoto, Miho Fuse, Shinpei Kada and Motoko Yanagita

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:315

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Complications of peritoneal dialysis (PD) such as pain and catheter leakage are frequently reported. Delayed bowel perforation of a PD catheter is a rare adverse event but a serious complication associated wit...

    Authors: Maki Fujiwara, Takeshi Soda, Takuya Okada, Hiroshi Kanamaru, Takahiro Inoue and Osamu Ogawa

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:312

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Cystinosis is a rare autosomal recessive lysosomal disorder characterized by the accumulation of cystine in lysosomes. Cystinosis is much rarer in Asian than Caucasian populations. There are only 14 patients h...

    Authors: Satomi Higashi, Natsuki Matsunoshita, Masako Otani, Etsuro Tokuhiro, Kandai Nozu and Shuichi Ito

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:300

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Kidney transplantation (KT) is the treatment option for patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) to prolong survival and improve quality of life. Although the use of potent immunosuppressive agents increas...

    Authors: Yu Ah Hong, Hyeon Seok Hwang, Hae Joung Sul, Suk Young Kim and Yoon Kyung Chang

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:299

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Fibronectin glomerulopathy is a rare, inherited, autosomal dominant, glomerular disease characterized by proteinuria, microscopic hematuria, hypertension, massive glomerular deposits of fibronectin, and slow p...

    Authors: Misaki Takii, Takaichi Suehiro, Aya Shima, Hideki Yotsueda, Satoshi Hisano and Ritsuko Katafuchi

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:288

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Isolated pulmonary valve infective endocarditis caused by Candida is rare in chronic hemodialysis patients. The 2009 Infectious Diseases Society of America guidelines suggest the combined use of surgery and antib...

    Authors: Chih-Hao Chang, Myo-Ming Huang, Dong-Feng Yeih, Kuo-Cheng Lu and Yi-Chou Hou

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:286

    Content type: Case report

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  22. No effective treatment is currently available and dialysis related amyloidosis continues to be invalidating in long-term dialysis patients. A recent case series reported reduction of osteoarticular pain on dox...

    Authors: Giorgina Barbara Piccoli, Mammar Hachemi, Ida Molfino, Jean Philippe Coindre and Charles Boursot

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:285

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) is a serious, sometimes life-threatening disorder marked by the presence of endothelial injury and microvascular thrombi. Drug-induced thrombotic microangiopathy (DI-TMA) is on...

    Authors: Sean A. Hebert, Timothy P. Bohan, Christian L. Erikson and Rita D. Swinford

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:262

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Immunoglobulin G4-related kidney disease characterized by immunoglobulin G4-positive plasma cell-rich tubulointerstitial nephritis has distinctive serological and radiological findings. Renal prognosis is good...

    Authors: Hiroyuki Ono, Taichi Murakami, Akira Mima, Eriko Shibata, Masanori Tamaki, Sakiya Yoshimoto, Sayo Ueda, Fumi Kishi, Seiji Kishi, Takashi Kawanaka, Motokazu Matsuura, Kojiro Nagai, Hideharu Abe, Masashi Harada and Toshio Doi

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:261

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Chronic refractory hypotension (IDH, intradialytic hypotension) is a rare but serious problem encountered in patients on hemodialysis. Patients with chronic hypotension are often disqualified by transplant tea...

    Authors: Ewa Ignacak, Dominik Cieniawski, Alina Bętkowska-Prokop, Czesław Osuch, Marek Kuźniewski and Władysław Sułowicz

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:248

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) can occur as a primary process due to mutations in complement genes or secondary to another underlying disease. HUS sometimes occurs in the setting of glomerular diseases, and i...

    Authors: Joseph L. Alge, Scott E. Wenderfer, John Hicks, Mir Reza Bekheirnia, Deborah A. Schady, Jamey S. Kain and Michael C. Braun

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:243

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Monoclonal immunoglobulin deposition disease (MIDD) is characterized by the non-amyloid deposition of monoclonal immunoglobulin fragments in the basement membranes. Heavy chain deposition disease (HCDD) is a t...

    Authors: Takayuki Katsuno, Shige Mizuno, Masatsuna Mabuchi, Naotake Tsuboi, Atsushi Komatsuda and Shoichi Maruyama

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:239

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is a rare life-threatening condition almost exclusively attributed to drugs. The main etiologic factors for TEN are sulphonamides, anticonvulsants, and antibiotics; however, th...

    Authors: Katsuaki Kasahara, Yoshimitsu Gotoh, Yoshiyuki Kuroyanagi and China Nagano

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:237

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Heterozygous mutations in the gene encoding renin (REN) cause autosomal dominant tubulointerstitial kidney disease (ADTKD), early-onset anaemia and hyperuricaemia; only four different mutations have been describe...

    Authors: Rhian L. Clissold, Helen C. Clarke, Olivera Spasic-Boskovic, Kim Brugger, Stephen Abbs, Coralie Bingham and Charles Shaw-Smith

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:234

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Rare diseases may elude diagnosis due to unfamiliarity of the treating physicians with the specific disorder. Yet, advances in genetics have tremendously enhanced our ability to establish specific and sometime...

    Authors: Stephen Benedict Walsh, Robert Unwin, Robert Kleta, William van’t Hoff, Paul Bass, Khalid Hussain, Sian Ellard and Detlef Bockenhauer

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:230

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Surgical thrombectomy in the context of acute renal vein thrombosis (RVT) post-transplantation has had limited success, with considerable variation in the surgical techniques used. Unfortunately, it is usually...

    Authors: Paraish Misra, Anish Kirpalani, General Leung, Paraskevi A. Vlachou, Jason Y. Lee, Serge Jothy, Jeffrey Zaltzman and Darren A. Yuen

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:224

    Content type: Case report

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  32. The proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitor evolocumab is a low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-lowering drug with a new mechanism, which is currently available in Japan. Here, for the first ...

    Authors: Yuki Awanami, Makoto Fukuda, Yasunori Nonaka, Tsuyoshi Takashima, Keiichiro Matsumoto, Masatora Yamasaki, Motoaki Miyazono and Yuji Ikeda

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:221

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Congenital nephrotic syndrome (CNS) is a rare disorder caused by various structural and developmental defects of glomeruli. It occurs typically as an isolated kidney disorder but associates sometimes with othe...

    Authors: Jiro Kino, Hiroyasu Tsukaguchi, Takahisa Kimata, Huan Thanh Nguyen, Yorika Nakano, Noriko Miyake, Naomichi Matsumoto and Kazunari Kaneko

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:220

    Content type: Case report

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Nephrology 2017 18:271

  34. Patients starting dialysis often have substantial residual kidney function. Incremental hemodialysis provides a hemodialysis prescription that supplements patients’ residual kidney function while maintaining t...

    Authors: Stephanie M. Toth-Manikowski, Surekha Mullangi, Seungyoung Hwang and Tariq Shafi

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:216

    Content type: Case report

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  35. The diagnosis of myeloma, a plasma dyscrasia, often results from the workup of unexplained renal disease. Persistent renal failure in myeloma is commonly caused by tubular nephropathy due to circulating immuno...

    Authors: Chung-Kuan Wu, An-Hang Yang, Hung-Chih Lai and Bing-Shi Lin

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:170

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a common rheumatic disease in children and adolescents. Although JIA may cause secondary amyloidosis, this is a rare complication in patients with JIA and other rheumatic...

    Authors: Songkiat Chantarogh, Soamarat Vilaiyuk, Thipwimol Tim-Aroon and Suchin Worawichawong

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:159

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Fabry Disease (FD) is a genetic disorder caused by alpha-galactosidase A deficiency. Certain drugs, such as hydroxychloroquine, can produce renal deposits that mimic morphological findings seen in FD, characte...

    Authors: Precil Diego Miranda de Menezes Neves, Juliana Reis Machado, Fabiano Bichuette Custódio, Maria Luíza Gonçalves dos Reis Monteiro, Shigueo Iwamoto, Marlene Freire, Marisa França Ferreira and Marlene Antônia dos Reis

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:157

    Content type: Case report

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  38. Gitelman syndrome (GS) is a rare autosomal recessively inherited salt-wasting tubulopathy associated with mutations in the SLC12A3 gene, which encodes for NaCl cotransporter (NCC) in the kidney.

    Authors: Chandrika Jayakanthi Subasinghe, Nirmala Dushyanthi Sirisena, Chula Herath, Knut Erik Berge, Trond Paul Leren, Uditha Bulugahapitiya and Vajira Harshadeva Weerabaddana Dissanayake

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:140

    Content type: Case report

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  39. IgG4-related disease is a recently described pathologic entity. This is the case of a patient with nephrotic syndrome and lymphadenopathy due to IgG4-related disease. Such a kidney involvement is quite peculia...

    Authors: Justine Huart, Stéphanie Grosch, Christophe Bovy, Michel Moutschen and Jean-Marie Krzesinski

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:139

    Content type: Case report

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  40. Calciphylaxis is a serious complication in patients with chronic kidney disease associated mineral and bone disorder. It can occur in conditions with low and high bone turnover. So far, there are no definite d...

    Authors: Margret Patecki, Gabriele Lehmann, Jan Hinrich Bräsen, Jessica Schmitz, Anna Bertram, Lars Daniel Berthold, Hermann Haller and Wilfried Gwinner

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:137

    Content type: Case report

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  41. Propionic acidemia (PA) is a rare but severe recessive autosomal disease, presenting with non specific signs in the first years of life. Prenatal diagnosis is invasive (amniocentesis) and limited to suspect ca...

    Authors: Ségolène Bernheim, Georges Deschênes, Manuel Schiff, Isabelle Cussenot and Olivier Niel

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:110

    Content type: Case report

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  42. Direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) dramatically improve the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections. However, the effects of DAAs on extra-hepatic manifestations such as HCV-associated glomerulonephritis,...

    Authors: Michiko Shimada, Norio Nakamura, Tetsu Endo, Hideaki Yamabe, Masayuki Nakamura, Reiichi Murakami, Ikuyo Narita and Hirofumi Tomita

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:109

    Content type: Case report

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  43. For peritoneal dialysis patients, the likelihood of conception is low and the probability of getting through the pregnancy successfully is even lower. Almost 60 years after the first reported case of a success...

    Authors: Thiam Seong Christopher Lim, Malini Shanmuganathan, Irene Wong and Bak Leong Goh

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:108

    Content type: Case report

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  44. Alport syndrome and ANCA-associated vasculitis are both rare diseases. The co-existence of these two conditions has never been reported. There is no obvious pathogenic link between these two glomerular disease...

    Authors: Valentine Gillion, Michel Jadoul, Selda Aydin and Nathalie Godefroid

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:105

    Content type: Case report

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  45. Nail-patella syndrome (NPS) is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by mutations in the LMX1B gene and is characterized by nail dysplasia, skeletal abnormalities, and nephropathy. We herein report a case of s...

    Authors: Tomohiro Nakata, Ryo Ishida, Yuu Mihara, Atsuko Fujii, Yoshimoto Inoue, Tetsuro Kusaba, Tsuyoshi Isojima, Yutaka Harita, Chiaki Kanda, Sachiko Kitanaka and Keiichi Tamagaki

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2017 18:100

    Content type: Case report

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