Skip to main content

Advertisement

Clinical Research

Section edited by Amir Kazory

The Clinical Research section considers both interventional and non-interventional clinical research studies, including, but not limited to, controlled trials and case-control studies. This section does not consider basic experimental research, large epidemiological studies, or case reports. Systematic reviews, meta-analyses and epidemiological studies should be directed to the Epidemiology and Health Outcomes section, and case reports should be directed to our dedicated Case Reports section. 

Page 1 of 11

  1. Desmopressin is used to reduce bleeding after kidney biopsy but evidence supporting its use is weak, especially in patients with elevated creatinine. The present study was undertaken to evaluate efficacy of de...

    Authors: Ambarish Athavale, Hemant Kulkarni, Cagil D. Arslan and Peter Hart

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:413

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Inflammaging is a persistent, low−grade, sterile, nonresolving inflammatory state, associated with the senescence of the immune system. Such condition downregulates both innate and adaptive immune responses du...

    Authors: Vincenzo Sepe, Marilena Gregorini, Teresa Rampino, Pasquale Esposito, Rosanna Coppo, Francesco Galli and Carmelo Libetta

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:412

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  3. Following a substantial increase in the utilization of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) during the last decade, its associated benefits and complications, including acute kidney injury have become mo...

    Authors: Kianoush Kashani and Marlies Ostermann

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:404

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  4. Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have a high prevalence of cardiovascular diseases, which often lead to physical inactivity that correlates with CKD exacerbation. The benefits of regular exercise to ...

    Authors: Lijun Zhang, Yangyang Wang, Lianlian Xiong, Yanfang Luo, Zhijun Huang and Bin Yi

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:398

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  5. Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) can lead to adverse cardiovascular outcomes in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Although one of the proposed mechanisms is heightened platelet activation, effects of ...

    Authors: Nishank Jain, Fei Wan, Monica Kothari, Anuoluwapo Adelodun, Jerry Ware, Ravi Sarode and S. Susan Hedayati

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:395

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  6. Preliminary studies have shown the potential use of salivary creatinine concentration in the diagnosis of chronic kidney disease (CKD). For saliva to replace serum as a diagnostic tool, studies must be done to...

    Authors: Dada Oluwaseyi Temilola, Karla Bezuidenhout, Rajiv Timothy Erasmus, Lawrence Stephen, Mogamat Razeen Davids and Haly Holmes

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:387

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  7. Cell-free deoxyribonucleic acid DNA (cf-DNA) in urine is promising due to the advantage of urine as an easily obtained and non-invasive sample source over tissue and blood. In clinical practice, it is importan...

    Authors: Chia-Chu Chang, Ping-Fang Chiu, Chia-Lin Wu, Cheng-Ling Kuo, Ching-Shan Huang, Chin-San Liu and Ching-Hui Huang

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:391

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  8. Patients with Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD) often develop hypertension in childhood or early adulthood. Although this could result in left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), a major risk fac...

    Authors: Huanwen Chen, Terry Watnick, Susie N. Hong, Barry Daly, Yongfang Li and Stephen L. Seliger

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:386

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  9. The burden of kidney diseases is reported to be higher in lower- and middle-income countries as compared to developed countries, and countries in sub-Saharan Africa are reported to be most affected. Health sys...

    Authors: Francis F. Furia, Jacqueline Shoo, Paschal J. Ruggajo, Kajiru Kilonzo, Gopal Basu, Karen Yeates, Santosh Varughese, Einar Svarstad and Onesmo Kisanga

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:378

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  10. Daprodustat is a hypoxia-inducible factor-prolyl hydroxylase inhibitor currently being investigated as a treatment for anemia of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in both dialysis and nondialysis patients. In clini...

    Authors: Christine K. Bailey, Stephen Caltabiano, Alexander R. Cobitz, Chun Huang, Kelly M. Mahar and Vickas V. Patel

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:372

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  11. Numerous studies have evaluated the prevalence and importance of mineral and bone disorders among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). However, little is known about d...

    Authors: Tianye Yang, Wenji Wang, Xiao Tang, Peng Shi, Lulu Zhang, Wenyan Yu, Yingxin Xie, Daqiao Guo and Feng Ding

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:369

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  12. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication in patients undergoing liver transplant (LT) and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. We aim to evaluate the pattern of urine and plasma neutrophi...

    Authors: Camila Lima, Luciana Bertocco de Paiva Haddad, Patrícia Donado Vaz de Melo, Luiz Marcelo Malbouisson, Lilian Pires Freitas do Carmo, Luiz Augusto Carneiro D’Albuquerque and Etienne Macedo

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:367

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  13. Tacrolimus (TAC) is effective in treating membranous nephropathy (MN); however relapses are frequent after treatment cessation. We conducted a randomised controlled trial to examine whether the addition of myc...

    Authors: Aikaterini Nikolopoulou, Marie Condon, Tabitha Turner-Stokes, H. Terence Cook, Neill Duncan, Jack W. Galliford, Jeremy B. Levy, Liz Lightstone, Charles D. Pusey, Candice Roufosse, Thomas D. Cairns and Megan E. Griffith

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:352

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  14. Microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) is a systemic autoimmune disease, and renal involvement is frequently present in MPA. MPA patients with renal involvement may have a worse prognosis. In this study, we aimed to e...

    Authors: Jia Shi, Qing Shen, Xue-Mei Chen and Xiao-Gang Du

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:339

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  15. Sleep disturbance is common among chronic haemodialysis patients, which leads to poor quality of life, in addition to increased instances of morbidity and mortality. Hypervolemia has been linked to sleep probl...

    Authors: Sethanant Sethakarun, Sutachard Bijaphala, Chagriya Kitiyakara, Sarinya Boongird, Pariya Phanachet, Sirimon Reutrakul, Kwanchai Pirojsakul and Arkom Nongnuch

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:211

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  16. Thrombospondin type 1 domain containing 7A (THSD7A) was recently identified target autoantigen in membranous nephropathy (MN). However, patients with positive THSD7A expression were prone to have malignancies....

    Authors: Li Xian, Dandan Dong, Jiamei Luo, Ling Zhuo, Ke Li, Ping Zhang, Wei Wang, Ying Xu, Gang Xu, Li Wang and Guisen Li

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:332

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  17. Focal segmental lesions (FSLs) are not uncommon in idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN). The reported percentage of IMN patients with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) lesions varies widely between ...

    Authors: Hong-Guang He, Chao-Qing Wu, Kun Ye, Chun Zeng, Yi-Yun Huang, Shu-Wen Luo, Wu Yin, Qiu-Rong Ye and Xiao-Mei Peng

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:328

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  18. Patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) have an increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Impaired left ventricular (LV) global longitudinal strain (GLS) can be a sig...

    Authors: Mats C. H. Lassen, Atif N. Qasim, Tor Biering-Sørensen, Jacob L. T. Reeh, Terry Watnick, Stephen L. Seliger, Huanwen Chen, Mariem A. Sawan, Daniel Nguyen, Yongfang Li, Susie N. Hong and Meyeon Park

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:324

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  19. Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) under hemodialysis (HD) are at greater risks of infectious spondylitis (IS), but there is no reliable predictor that facilitate early detection of this relatively r...

    Authors: Kun-Lin Lu, Wen-Hung Huang, Yueh-An Lu, Chan-Yu Lin, Hsin-Hsu Wu, Ching-Wei Hsu, Cheng-Hao Weng, Chao-Yi Wu, I-Wen Wu, Meng-Yu Wu, Tzung-Hai Yen and Huang-Yu Yang

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:323

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  20. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) events are the main cause of death in long-term hemodialysis (HD) patients. Macrophage colony- stimulating factor (M-CSF) is actively involved in the formation of atherosclerosis a...

    Authors: Xuan Deng, Qian Yang, Yuxi Wang, Yi Yang, Guangchang Pei, Han Zhu, Jianliang Wu, Meng Wang, Zhi Zhao, Huzi Xu, Cheng Zhou, Yi Guo, Ying Yao, Zhiguo Zhang, Wenhui Liao and Rui Zeng

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:321

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. No study has specifically investigated the duration of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) in patients who experienced acute kidney injury during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support. How...

    Authors: George Kuo, Shao-Wei Chen, Pei-Chun Fan, Victor Chien-Chia Wu, An-Hsun Chou, Cheng-Chia Lee, Pao-Hsien Chu, Feng-Chun Tsai, Ya-Chung Tian and Chih-Hsiang Chang

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:318

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  22. It is known that one of the leading causes of morbidity in chronic kidney disease (CKD) is the anemic syndrome. Although the pathogenic mechanisms of anemia are multiple, erythropoietin deficiency appears as t...

    Authors: Ailema González-Ortiz, Ricardo Correa-Rotter, Armando Vázquez-Rangel, Olynka Vega-Vega and Ángeles Espinosa-Cuevas

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:316

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. Performing a kidney biopsy is necessary to accurately diagnose diseases such as glomerulonephritis and tubulointerstitial nephritis, among other such conditions. These conditions predispose patients to chronic...

    Authors: Henrique Pinheiro Konigsfeld, Tatiana Garcia Viana, Suzy Cristine Pereira, Thais Oliveira Claizoni Dos Santos, Gianna Mastroianni Kirsztajn, Agostinho Tavares and Marcelino de Souza Durão Junior

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:315

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. Complement activation plays a substantial role in the pathogenesis of primary membranous nephropathy (pMN). C5b-9, C3c, MBL, and factor B have been documented in the subepithelial immune deposits. However, the...

    Authors: Mu-fan Zhang, Jing Huang, Yi-miao Zhang, Zhen Qu, Xin Wang, Fang Wang, Li-qiang Meng, Xu-yang Cheng, Zhao Cui, Gang Liu and Ming-hui Zhao

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:313

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. Proteinuria is known to be associated with both kidney function deterioration and cardiovascular diseases. While proteinuria estimation from 24-h urine samples has traditionally been considered as the standard...

    Authors: Seiji Kobayashi, Hoichi Amano, Hiroyuki Terawaki, Makoto Ogura, Yoshindo Kawaguchi and Takashi Yokoo

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:306

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. New non-invasive biomarkers are demanded to identify renal damage in various autoimmune-associated kidney diseases. Glomerular podocyte damage mediated by systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) plays an important ...

    Authors: Jian Lu, Ze Bo Hu, Pei Pei Chen, Chen Chen Lu, Jia Xiu Zhang, Xue Qi Li, Ben Yin Yuan, Si Jia Huang and Kun Ling Ma

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:303

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. Impaired T cell immune function exists in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. Dialysis treatment may lead to changes in T cell subsets. In the present study, we aimed to identify alterations of T cell phe...

    Authors: Jiao Xiaoyan, Chen Rongyi, Cao Xuesen, Zou Jianzhou, Ji Jun, Ding Xiaoqiang and Yu Xiaofang

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:301

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. A chronic inflammatory state is a prominent feature in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) is a transcription factor that regulates the expression of genes involved in ...

    Authors: Jia-Hwa Yang, Wei-Teing Chen, Meng-Chang Lee, Wen-Hui Fang, Yu-Juei Hsu, Chin-Lin, Hsiang-Cheng Chen, Hsueh-Lu Chang, Chien-Fu Chen, Min-Yu Tu, Chien-Wei Kuo, Yuan-Hau Lin, Po-Jen Hsiao and Sui-Lung Su

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:300

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), a well-known immunomodulator, has recently been found to be a promising and safe anti-proteinuric agent for treating IgA nephropathy (IgAN). We aimed to compare the efficacy and safet...

    Authors: Ya-zi Yang, Pei Chen, Li-Jun Liu, Qing-Qing Cai, Su-Fang Shi, Yu-Qing Chen, Ji-Cheng Lv and Hong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:297

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Microparticles (MPs) are biomarkers and mediators of disease through their expression of surface receptors, reflecting activation or stress in their parent cells. Endothelial markers, ICAM-1 and VCAM-1, are im...

    Authors: Kristina Lundwall, Josefin Mörtberg, Fariborz Mobarrez, Stefan H. Jacobson, Gun Jörneskog and Jonas Spaak

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:290

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. Many patients with anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) need dialysis at disease onset due to severe kidney injury. Determining whether they can become dialysis independent i...

    Authors: Peng-cheng Xu, Tong Chen, Si-jing Wu, Xia Yang, Shan Gao, Shui-yi Hu, Li Wei and Tie-kun Yan

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:287

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is common in patients with end-stage renal disease on hemodialysis, but is frequently underdiagnosed. The risk factors for PAD are well known within the general population, bu...

    Authors: Radislav R. Ašćerić, Nada B. Dimković, Goran Ž. Trajković, Biljana S. Ristić, Aleksandar N. Janković, Petar S. Durić and Nenad S. Ilijevski

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:281

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Scleroderma Renal Crisis (SRC) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. While prednisone is strongly associated with SRC, there are no previous large cohort studies that have evaluated ace inhib...

    Authors: S. M. Gordon, J. B. Hughes, R. Nee, R. S. Stitt, W. T. Bailey, D. J. Little, J. D. Edison and S. W. Olson

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:279

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Metformin has shown promising results regarding cystogenesis inhibition in preclinical studies with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) models. We designed a prospective, preliminary, single-a...

    Authors: Bogdan Marian Sorohan, Gener Ismail, Andreea Andronesi, Georgia Micu, Bogdan Obrișcă, Roxana Jurubiță, Ioanel Sinescu and Cătălin Baston

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:276

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. Acute kidney injury (AKI) affects approximately 13% of patients undergoing major abdominal surgery, and is a common and important clinical sign of perioperative injury. The aim of our analysis was to identify ...

    Authors: Ivana Dedinská, Peter Mikolajčík, Patra Skálová, Marián Mokáň and Ľudovít Laca

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:272

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. The product of the concentrations of urinary tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-2 and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-7 (urinary [TIMP-2] × [IGFBP-7]) has been suggested as biomarker for early d...

    Authors: Judith Schiefer, Paul Lichtenegger, Gabriela A. Berlakovich, Walter Plöchl, Claus G. Krenn, David M. Baron, Joanna Baron-Stefaniak and Peter Faybik

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:269

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. Current paradigms of detecting acute kidney injury (AKI) are insensitive and non-specific. Klotho is a pleiotropic protein that is predominantly expressed in renal tubules. In this study, we evaluated the diag...

    Authors: Yingying Qian, Lin Che, Yucheng Yan, Renhua Lu, Mingli Zhu, Song Xue, Zhaohui Ni and Leyi Gu

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:268

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. CKD has been recognized as risk factors for 25(OH) D deficiency, and Low levels of 25(OH) D have been suggested to be a trigger factor of decreased level of Hb. However, there is lack of information about the ...

    Authors: Shiv Kumar Sah and Laxman Prasad Adhikary

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:267

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Chronic Kidney Disease - Mineral and Bone Disorder (CKD-MBD) is a significant cause of morbidity among haemodialysis patients and is associated with pathological changes in phosphate, calcium and parathyroid h...

    Authors: Zhipeng Zhan, Brendan Smyth, Nigel D. Toussaint, Nicholas A. Gray, Li Zuo, Janak R. de Zoysa, Christopher T. Chan, Chenggang Jin, Anish Scaria, Carmel M. Hawley, Vlado Perkovic, Meg J. Jardine and Ling Zhang

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:258

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Factors associated with left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) of peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients are limited. We aim to explore and quantify the associated factors of LVSD among PD patients.

    Authors: Teeranan Angkananard, Jirayut Janma, Thanapath Wannasiri, Piyathida Sangthong and Siribha Changsirikulchai

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:257

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is the commonest global cause of glomerulonephritis. Extent of fibrosis, tubular atrophy and glomerulosclerosis predict renal function decline. Extent of renal fibrosis is assessed with ...

    Authors: M. P. Graham-Brown, A. Singh, J. Wormleighton, N. J. Brunskill, G. P. McCann, J. Barratt, J. O. Burton and G. Xu

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:256

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is the most common extra-pulmonary organ failure in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Renal recovery after AKI is determined by several factors. The objective of this study ...

    Authors: Anupol Panitchote, Omar Mehkri, Andrei Hastings, Tarik Hanane, Sevag Demirjian, Heather Torbic, Eduardo Mireles-Cabodevila, Sudhir Krishnan and Abhijit Duggal

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:255

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Nephrology 2019 20:286

  43. In this study, we investigated the association of time-varying serum albumin levels with mortality over a 5-year period in one cohort of patients undergoing long-term peritoneal dialysis (PD) therapy.

    Authors: Na Hao, Ben-Chung Cheng, Hong-Tao Yang, Chien-Hsing Wu, Yang-Yang Lei, Mei-Chen Chao, Pei-Ying Wang, Li-Chueh Kuo, Sin-Hua Moi, Cheng-Hong Yang and Jin-Bor Chen

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:254

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is one of the major complications of Human immune deficiency Virus (HIV) and a risk factor for poor outcome of these patients. We aimed to describe the profile and outcome of HIV p...

    Authors: Marie Patrice Halle, Noel Essomba, Hilaire Djantio, Germaine Tsele, Hermine Fouda, Namme Henri Luma, Enow Gloria Ashuntantang and Folefack Francois Kaze

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:253

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) occurs frequently in many end stage renal disease (ESRD) patients, may significantly worsen survival odds and prognosis. However, the exact neuropathological mechanisms of MCI c...

    Authors: Haitao Lu, Zhengzhang Gu, Wei Xing, Shanhua Han, Jiangfen Wu, Hua Zhou, Jiule Ding and Jinggang Zhang

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:246

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. It remained lack of a kind of contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) model which was widely used in clinical practice and comparable to CI-AKI in humans.

    Authors: Yuan-hui Liu, Jin-hua Xue, Deng-xuan Wu, Wei-jie Bei, Kun Wang, Yong Liu, Ji-yan Chen and Ning Tan

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:243

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. Lab tests on saliva could be useful because of low invasivity. Previous reports indicated that creatinine, uric acid, and potassium are measurable in saliva. For these analytes the study investigated methodolo...

    Authors: Giancarlo Bilancio, Pierpaolo Cavallo, Cinzia Lombardi, Ermanno Guarino, Vincenzo Cozza, Francesco Giordano, Giuseppe Palladino and Massimo Cirillo

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:242

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  48. Urgent-start peritoneal dialysis (PD) can help patients with end-stage renal diseases (ESRD) that are referred late to dialysis. However, catheter patency and related complications of urgent-start PD have not ...

    Authors: Hongjian Ye, Xiao Yang, Chunyan Yi, Qunying Guo, Yafang Li, Qiongqiong Yang, Wei Chen, Haiping Mao, Jianbo Li, Yagui Qiu, Xunhua Zheng, Dihua Zhang, Jianxiong Lin, Zhijian Li, Zongpei Jiang, Fengxian Huang…

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:238

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

2018 Journal Metrics

Advertisement