Skip to main content

Clinical Research

The Clinical Research section considers both interventional and non-interventional clinical research studies, including, but not limited to, controlled trials and case-control studies. This section does not consider basic experimental research, large epidemiological studies, or case reports. Systematic reviews, meta-analyses and epidemiological studies should be directed to the Epidemiology and Health Outcomes section, and case reports should be directed to our dedicated Case Reports section. 

Page 6 of 15

  1. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is the most common extra-pulmonary organ failure in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Renal recovery after AKI is determined by several factors. The objective of this study ...

    Authors: Anupol Panitchote, Omar Mehkri, Andrei Hastings, Tarik Hanane, Sevag Demirjian, Heather Torbic, Eduardo Mireles-Cabodevila, Sudhir Krishnan and Abhijit Duggal

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:255

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Nephrology 2019 20:286

  2. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is one of the major complications of Human immune deficiency Virus (HIV) and a risk factor for poor outcome of these patients. We aimed to describe the profile and outcome of HIV p...

    Authors: Marie Patrice Halle, Noel Essomba, Hilaire Djantio, Germaine Tsele, Hermine Fouda, Namme Henri Luma, Enow Gloria Ashuntantang and Folefack Francois Kaze

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:253

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  3. Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) occurs frequently in many end stage renal disease (ESRD) patients, may significantly worsen survival odds and prognosis. However, the exact neuropathological mechanisms of MCI c...

    Authors: Haitao Lu, Zhengzhang Gu, Wei Xing, Shanhua Han, Jiangfen Wu, Hua Zhou, Jiule Ding and Jinggang Zhang

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:246

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  4. It remained lack of a kind of contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) model which was widely used in clinical practice and comparable to CI-AKI in humans.

    Authors: Yuan-hui Liu, Jin-hua Xue, Deng-xuan Wu, Wei-jie Bei, Kun Wang, Yong Liu, Ji-yan Chen and Ning Tan

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:243

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  5. Lab tests on saliva could be useful because of low invasivity. Previous reports indicated that creatinine, uric acid, and potassium are measurable in saliva. For these analytes the study investigated methodolo...

    Authors: Giancarlo Bilancio, Pierpaolo Cavallo, Cinzia Lombardi, Ermanno Guarino, Vincenzo Cozza, Francesco Giordano, Giuseppe Palladino and Massimo Cirillo

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:242

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  6. Urgent-start peritoneal dialysis (PD) can help patients with end-stage renal diseases (ESRD) that are referred late to dialysis. However, catheter patency and related complications of urgent-start PD have not ...

    Authors: Hongjian Ye, Xiao Yang, Chunyan Yi, Qunying Guo, Yafang Li, Qiongqiong Yang, Wei Chen, Haiping Mao, Jianbo Li, Yagui Qiu, Xunhua Zheng, Dihua Zhang, Jianxiong Lin, Zhijian Li, Zongpei Jiang, Fengxian Huang…

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:238

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  7. Spain has dramatically increased the number of controlled circulatory death donors (cDCD). The initial selection criteria for considering cDCD for kidney transplantation (KT) have been expanded progressively, ...

    Authors: María José Pérez-Sáez, Omar Lafuente Covarrubias, Domingo Hernández, Francesc Moreso, Edoardo Melilli, Javier Juega, Erika de Sousa, Paula López-Sánchez, María Luisa Rodríguez-Ferrero, Naroa Maruri-Kareaga, María Dolores Navarro, Rosalía Valero, María Auxiliadora Mazuecos, Francisco Llamas, Paloma Martín-Moreno, Antón Fernández-García…

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:233

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  8. Long-term exposure of mercury may induce glomerulonephritis. Clinical and pathological features of mercury-associated glomerulonephritis are not fully clear. This study retrospectively analyzed 35 cases of mer...

    Authors: Ai-bo Qin, Tao Su, Su-xia Wang, Fan Zhang, Fu-de Zhou and Ming-hui Zhao

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:228

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  9. Hyperkalaemia occurs frequently in many maintenance haemodialysis (MHD) patients after parathyroidectomy (PTX) with secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT). However, the clinical risk factors that predict postope...

    Authors: Yu-Huan Song, Guang-Yan Cai, Yue-Fei Xiao, Yi-Ping Wang, Song-Tao Yang and Xiang-Mei Chen

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:225

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  10. Carbon dioxide (CO2) accumulation is a challenging issue in critically ill patients. CO2 can be eliminated by renal replacement therapy but studies are scarce and clinical relevance is unknown. We prospectively s...

    Authors: Joop Jonckheer, Herbert Spapen, Aziz Debain, Joy Demol, Marc Diltoer, Olivier Costa, Katrien Lanckmans, Taku Oshima, Patrick M. Honoré, Manu Malbrain and Elisabeth De Waele

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:222

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Nephrology 2019 20:312

  11. The ASTRAL trial showed no difference in clinical outcomes between medical therapy and revascularization for atherosclerotic renal vascular disease (ARVD). Here we report a sub-study using echocardiography to ...

    Authors: Darren Green, Diana Vassallo, Kelly Handley, Natalie Ives, Keith Wheatley, Constantina Chrysochou, Janet Hegarty, Julian Wright, Jon Moss, Rajan K. Patel, Chris Deighan, John Webster, Peter Rowe, Sue Carr, Jenny Cross, Jamie O’Driscoll…

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:220

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  12. Klotho is a transmembrane protein acting as a co-receptor for FGF-23 and thus exerts clinical actions on mineral metabolism. The association of secreted Klotho with outcomes in CKD patients is unclear. This st...

    Authors: Evangelos Memmos, Pantelis Sarafidis, Panagiotis Pateinakis, Apostolos Tsiantoulas, Danai Faitatzidou, Panagiotis Giamalis, Vassileios Vasilikos and Aikaterini Papagianni

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:217

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  13. Survival analysis of patients on maintenance hemodialysis (HD) has been the subject of many studies. No study has evaluated the effect of different factors on the survival time of these patients. In this study...

    Authors: Vahid Ebrahimi, Mohammad Hossein Khademian, Seyed Jalil Masoumi, Mohammad Reza Morvaridi and Shahrokh Ezzatzadegan Jahromi

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:215

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  14. High serum calcium levels should be avoided in patients on hemodialysis (HD) because they can induce cardiovascular diseases and worsen the patient’s prognosis. In contrast, low serum calcium levels worsen the...

    Authors: Mineaki Kitamura, Yohei Tateishi, Shuntaro Sato, Satoko Kitamura, Yuki Ota, Kumiko Muta, Hiroshi Yamashita, Tadashi Uramatsu, Yoko Obata, Yasushi Mochizuki, Masaharu Nishikido, Tsuyoshi Izumo, Takashi Harada, Satoshi Funakoshi, Takayuki Matsuo, Akira Tsujino…

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:210

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  15. Evidence of chronic low levels of exposure to heavy metals in Sri Lanka has emerged in a number of studies carried out in the recent past. The source and magnitude of such exposures have to be understood in or...

    Authors: T. B. Ananda Jayalal, T. W. M. A. Jayaruwan Bandara, Sanath T. C. Mahawithanage, M. A. Jagath Wansapala and Sapthala P. L. Galappaththi

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:208

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  16. Methanol poisoning is a serious public health issue in developing countries, but few data are available in the literature on acute kidney injury (AKI) after methanol intoxication.

    Authors: Shu-Ting Chang, Yu-Ting Wang, Yi-Chou Hou, I-Kuan Wang, Hsiang-Hsi Hong, Cheng-Hao Weng, Wen-Hung Huang, Ching-Wei Hsu and Tzung-Hai Yen

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:205

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  17. Despite the interrelationships between obesity, eGFR and albuminuria, few large studies examine how obesity modifies the association between these markers of kidney function and adverse clinical outcomes.

    Authors: Marcello Tonelli, Natasha Wiebe, Csaba P. Kovesdy, Matthew T. James, Scott W. Klarenbach, Braden J. Manns and Brenda R. Hemmelgarn

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:204

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  18. A low FT3 level is significantly associated with a variety of kidney disease and acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, it remains unclear whether low FT3 is associated with CI-AKI in patients who underwe...

    Authors: Kai-Yang Lin, Sun-Ying Wang, Hui Jiang, Han-Chuan Chen, Zhi-Yong Wu, Yan-Song Guo and Peng-Li Zhu

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:201

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  19. Chloride is speculated to have nephrotoxic properties. In healthy subjects we tested the hypothesis that acute chloride loading with 3% saline would induce kidney injury, which could be prevented with the loop...

    Authors: F. H. Mose, A. N. Jörgensen, M. H. Vrist, N. P. Ekelöf, E. B. Pedersen and J. N. Bech

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:200

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  20. Gait speed (GS) and handgrip strength (HGS), both factors associated with frailty and sarcopenia, are reportedly associated with CV events in the general population. However, little is known about the impact o...

    Authors: Atsumi Kuki, Kentaro Tanaka, Akifumi Kushiyama, Yoshihide Tanaka, Shuta Motonishi, Yasuji Sugano, Toru Furuya and Takashi Ozawa

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:196

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a major complication of acute myocardial infarction(AMI), which can significantly increase mortality. This study is to analyze the related risk factors and establish a prediction s...

    Authors: Feng-bo Xu, Hong Cheng, Tong Yue, Nan Ye, He-jia Zhang and Yi-pu Chen

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:195

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  22. The use of metformin in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus has been associated with lactic acidosis. However, the information available in patients with moderate-severe chronic kidney disease is scarce.

    Authors: Consuelo Pedrós, Mónica Ávila, Ainhoa Gómez-Lumbreras, Marcela Manríquez and Rosa Morros

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:193

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  23. Patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) exhibit higher prevalence of coronary artery calcification (CaC) than general population. CaC has been proposed as a risk factor for mortality in end-stage C...

    Authors: Marta Cano-Megías, Pablo Guisado-Vasco, Hanane Bouarich, Gabriel de Arriba-de la Fuente, Patricia de Sequera-Ortiz, Concepción Álvarez-Sanz and Diego Rodríguez-Puyol

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:188

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. The performance of urinary N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase (uNAG) for the detection of acute kidney injury (AKI) was controversial. uNAG is positively correlated with blood glucose levels. Hyperglycemia is common...

    Authors: Lin Wang, Yujun Deng, Yiling Zhai, Feng Xu, Jinghua Li, Danqing Zhang, Lu Gao, Yating Hou, Xin OuYang, Linhui Hu, Jie Yuan, Heng Ye, Ruibin Chi and Chunbo Chen

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:186

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality are highly prevalent in patients with end-stage renal disease, and osteoprotegerin (OPG) may be an important link between bone loss and vascular calcification. This study...

    Authors: Jia-Sian Hou, Yu-Li Lin, Chih-Hsien Wang, Yu-Hsien Lai, Chiu-Huang Kuo, Yi-Maun Subeq and Bang-Gee Hsu

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:184

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common after heart surgery. Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) is produced in injured kidney. NGAL has been used as an early plasma biomarker for AKI in patients und...

    Authors: Arie Passov, Liisa Petäjä, Marjut Pihlajoki, Ulla-Stina Salminen, Raili Suojaranta, Antti Vento, Sture Andersson, Ville Pettilä, Alexey Schramko and Eero Pesonen

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:182

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. Reports on vitamin C in HD patients have shown effects of vitamin C deficiency in association with scurvy symptoms. Dialyzability of water soluble vitamins is high, and substantial losses in those who are dial...

    Authors: Jochen G. Raimann, Samer R. Abbas, Li Liu, Brett Larive, Gerald Beck, Peter Kotanko, Nathan W. Levin and Garry Handelman

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:179

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Adherence to phosphate binder treatment is important to prevent high serum phosphate level in chronic dialysis patients. We therefore wanted to investigate patient knowledge, beliefs about and adherence to pho...

    Authors: Bodil Jahren Hjemås, Katrine Bøvre, Liv Mathiesen, Jonas Christoffer Lindstrøm and Kathrin Bjerknes

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:178

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. The influence of pre- or postprandial administration on pharmacokinetics of cyclosporine is supposed to be less in gel-based formulations than in microemulsions. This study was designed to investigate the infl...

    Authors: Anja Gäckler, Sebastian Dolff, Hana Rohn, Johannes Korth, Benjamin Wilde, Ute Eisenberger, Anna Mitchell, Andreas Kribben and Oliver Witzke

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:167

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Although the relationship between manifest chronic kidney disease and reduced cognitive function is well established, limited data exists on GFR and cognitive function in the general population. Both the brain...

    Authors: Silje Småbrekke, Henrik Schirmer, Toralf Melsom, Marit Dahl Solbu and Bjørn Odvar Eriksen

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:166

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. There is increasing awareness that, besides patient survival, Quality of Life (QOL) is a relevant outcome factor for patients who have a chronic disease. In haemodialysis (HD) patients, intradialytic hypotensi...

    Authors: Johanna Kuipers, Jurjen K. Oosterhuis, Wolter Paans, Wim P. Krijnen, Carlo A. J. M. Gaillard, Ralf Westerhuis and Casper F. M. Franssen

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:164

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody associated vasculitis (AAV) is a group of diseases associated in most cases with the presence of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCAs). Rituximab- based remission i...

    Authors: L. Caroti, C. L. Cirami, L. Di Maria, A. Larti, P. Carta, E. Dervishi, S. Farsetti, A. Tsalouchos, L. Novelli and E. E. Minetti

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:162

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. It has been reported that people living with HIV in West Africa exhibited the highest risks for chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the world. Here, we aimed at determining the CKD frequency and changes in kidney ...

    Authors: Nongodo Firmin Kaboré, Armel Poda, Jacques Zoungrana, Ollo Da, Laura Ciaffi, Aoua Semdé, Issouf Yaméogo, Adrien B. Sawadogo, Eric Delaporte, Nicolas Meda, Sophie Limou and Amandine Cournil

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:155

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Dialysis patients are frequently exposed to Staphylococcus aureus due to stays in dialysis centers, hospitals or rest homes. The hemodialysis vascular access is a potential entry site for S. aureus, in particular...

    Authors: Matthias Scheuch, Sabrina Freiin von Rheinbaben, Antje Kabisch, Jonas Engeßer, Susanne Ahrendt, Thomas Dabers, Christian Kohler, Silva Holtfreter, Barbara M. Bröker and Sylvia Stracke

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:153

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. In patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD), left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy with impaired LV function, which is called uremic cardiomyopathy (UC) is often observed. The UC historically has been consider...

    Authors: Tomasz Zapolski, Jacek Furmaga, Andrzej P. Wysokiński, Anna Wysocka, Sławomir Rudzki and Andrzej Jaroszyński

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:152

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. The serum immunoglobulin A (IgA)/C3 ratio is considered to be an effective predictor of IgA nephropathy (IgAN). This study sought to explore the diagnostic value of the IgA/C3 ratio in IgAN among primary glome...

    Authors: Wen-yu Gong, Man Liu, Dan Luo, Fan-na Liu, Liang-hong Yin, Yuan-qing Li, Jun Zhang and Hui Peng

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:150

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is an important component of patient-centered outcomes and a useful parameter for monitoring quality of care. We assessed HRQoL, its determinants, and associations with m...

    Authors: Ming Pei, Rute Aguiar, Agneta A. Pagels, Olof Heimbürger, Peter Stenvinkel, Peter Bárány, Charlotte Medin, Stefan H. Jacobson, Britta Hylander, Bengt Lindholm and Abdul Rashid Qureshi

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:144

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a public health problem worldwide, and proteinuria is a well-established marker of disease progression in CKD patients. Propolis, a natural resin produced by bees from plant mat...

    Authors: Marcelo Augusto Duarte Silveira, Flávio Teles, Andressa A. Berretta, Talita R. Sanches, Camila Eleutério Rodrigues, Antonio Carlos Seguro and Lúcia Andrade

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:140

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. An increased incidence of thromboembolic events (TE) are reported in nephrotic syndrome (NS) leading to recommendations for prophylactic anticoagulation (PAC). However, as no randomized clinical trial has esta...

    Authors: Sarah Kelddal, Karen Marie Nykjær, Jon Waarst Gregersen and Henrik Birn

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:139

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Proteinuria screening is recommended for patients with hypertension to screen for kidney disease and identify those at elevated risk for cardiovascular disease. However, screening rates among hypertensive pati...

    Authors: Julia Leddy, Jamie A. Green, Christina Yule, Juliann Molecavage, Josef Coresh and Alex R. Chang

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:132

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. Prediction of successful discontinuation of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) might reduce complications of over- and under-treatment. The aim of this study was to identify renal and non-renal predic...

    Authors: Susanne Stads, K. Merijn Kant, Margriet F. C. de Jong, Wouter de Ruijter, Christa M. Cobbaert, Michiel G. H. Betjes, Diederik Gommers and Heleen M. Oudemans-van Straaten

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:129

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) released into extracellular subsequent to cell injury and death can promote inflammation in patients and animal models. However, the effects of peritoneal dialysate cell-free mtDNA on...

    Authors: Xishao Xie, Junni Wang, Shilong Xiang, Zhimin Chen, Xiaohui Zhang and Jianghua Chen

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:128

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. There are limited long-term outcome data in eculizumab-treated patients with atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS). We report final results from the largest prospective, observational, multicenter study of...

    Authors: Jan Menne, Yahsou Delmas, Fadi Fakhouri, Christoph Licht, Åsa Lommelé, Enrico E. Minetti, François Provôt, Eric Rondeau, Neil S. Sheerin, Jimmy Wang, Laurent E. Weekers and Larry A. Greenbaum

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:125

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Little is known about salt taste dysfunction among hemodialysis (HD) patients. This study aimed to elucidate the prevalence of salt taste dysfunction and its relationship with interdialytic weight gain (IDWG) ...

    Authors: Mai Tanaka, Hiroki Nishiwaki, Hiroshi Kado, Yohei Doi, Chieko Ihoriya, Kenji Omae and Keiichi Tamagaki

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:121

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) is one of the substances that affects the calculated serum osmolality (cSosm). A previous study demonstrated that BUN and cSosm were independently associated with the development of c...

    Authors: Makiko Seki, Masaru Nakayama, Teppei Sakoh, Ryota Yoshitomi, Akiko Fukui, Eisuke Katafuchi, Susumu Tsuda, Toshiaki Nakano, Kazuhiko Tsuruya and Takanari Kitazono

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:115

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Sarcopenia has become a serious disorder in modern society. Chronic kidney disease requiring dialysis and diabetes are some of the disorders that accelerate the onset and progression of sarcopenia. We, therefo...

    Authors: Katsuhito Mori, Kozo Nishide, Senji Okuno, Tetsuo Shoji, Masanori Emoto, Akihiro Tsuda, Shinya Nakatani, Yasuo Imanishi, Eiji Ishimura, Tomoyuki Yamakawa, Shigeichi Shoji and Masaaki Inaba

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:105

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. Guidelines for general hypertension treatment do not recommend the combined use of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) inhibitors due to the risk of hyperkalemia. However, a recent clinical trial showe...

    Authors: Hyoungnae Kim, Seohyun Park, Jong Hyun Jhee, Hae-Ryong Yun, Jung Tak Park, Seung Hyeok Han, Joongyub Lee, Soo Wan Kim, Yeong Hoon Kim, Yun Kyu Oh, Shin-Wook Kang, Kyu Hun Choi and Tae-Hyun Yoo

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:104

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  48. As more patients at lower cardiovascular (CV) risk are treated with statins, the balance between cardiovascular benefits and the risk of adverse events becomes increasingly important.

    Authors: Marcello Tonelli, Anita M. Lloyd, Aminu K. Bello, Matthew T. James, Scott W. Klarenbach, Finlay A. McAlister, Braden J. Manns, Ross T. Tsuyuki and Brenda R. Hemmelgarn

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:103

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  49. End stage renal disease (ESRD) patients require a renal replacement therapy (RRT) to filter accumulated toxins and remove excess water, which are associated with impaired physical function. Hemodialysis (HD) r...

    Authors: Roberto Pecoits-Filho, John W. Larkin, Carlos Eduardo Poli-de-Figueiredo, Américo Lourenço Cuvello Neto, Ana Beatriz Barra, Sinaia Canhada, Ludimila Guedim de Campos, Juliane Woehl, Priscila Bezerra Gonçalves, Hao Han, Thyago Proença de Moraes, Jochen G. Raimann and Maria Eugenia F. Canziani

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:98

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

COVID-19 Announcement

As a result of the significant disruption that is being caused by the COVID-19 pandemic we are very aware that many researchers will have difficulty in meeting the timelines associated with our peer review process during normal times.  Please do let us know if you need additional time. Our systems will continue to remind you of the original timelines but we intend to be highly flexible at this time. Thank you.

2018 Journal Metrics