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Epidemiology and Health Outcomes

Section edited by Bernard Jaar

Page 1 of 7

  1. Content type: Research article

    Hyperuricemia and gout have been linked to chronic kidney disease (CKD). Whether the increased risk of CKD in gout is due to shared risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes or heart disease, or due to gout its...

    Authors: Jasvinder A. Singh and John D. Cleveland

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:93

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Real-world incidence, clinical consequences, and healthcare resource utilization (HRU) of hyperkalemia (HK) remain poorly characterized, particularly in patients with specific comorbidities.

    Authors: Laura Horne, Akhtar Ashfaq, Sharon MacLachlan, Marvin Sinsakul, Lei Qin, Robert LoCasale and James B. Wetmore

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:85

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  3. Content type: Research article

    People with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) often present with prevalent gait impairment and high fall rates, particularly in advanced CKD stages. Gait impairment and its consequences is associated with increased...

    Authors: Damiano D. Zemp, Olivier Giannini, Pierluigi Quadri and Eling D. de Bruin

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:83

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  4. Content type: Research article

    DOPPS reported that thousands of life-years could be gained in the US and Europe over 5 years by correcting six modifiable haemodialysis practices. We estimated potential life-years gained across 10 European c...

    Authors: Christian Combe, Johannes Mann, David Goldsmith, Frank Dellanna, Philippe Zaoui, Gérard London, Kris Denhaerynck, Andriy Krendyukov, Ivo Abraham and Karen MacDonald

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:81

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Electronic health record (EHR) based chronic kidney disease (CKD) registries are central to population health strategies to improve CKD care. In 2015, Partners Healthcare System (PHS), encompassing multiple ac...

    Authors: Mallika L. Mendu, Salman Ahmed, Jason K. Maron, Sandhya K. Rao, Sreekanth K. Chaguturu, Megan F. May, Walter P. Mutter, Kelly A. Burdge, David J. R. Steele, David B. Mount, Sushrut S. Waikar, Jeffrey B. Weilburg and Thomas D. Sequist

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:72

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Epidemiologic data of acute kidney injury (AKI) during pregnancy is lacking in China. This study aims to determine the effect of pregnancy on the risk of AKI among hospitalized women of childbearing age, and t...

    Authors: Diankun Liu, Wenjuan He, Yanqin Li, Mengqi Xiong, Long Wang, Jingxin Huang, Ling Jia, Shuling Yuan and Sheng Nie

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:67

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Circulating C3 has been associated with diabetes and hypertension, which are the leading causes of chronic kidney disease (CKD). C3 activation is considered to contribute to several renal diseases. Here we exa...

    Authors: Xue Bao, Yan Borné, Iram Faqir Muhammad, Christina-Alexandra Schulz, Margaretha Persson, Marju Orho-Melander, Kaijun Niu, Anders Christensson and Gunnar Engström

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:61

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The incidence of Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) continues to increase in the UK, with associated mortality rates remaining significant. Approximately one fifth of hospital admissions are associated with AKI and app...

    Authors: Anastasios Argyropoulos, Stuart Townley, Paul M. Upton, Stephen Dickinson and Adam S. Pollard

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:56

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Adherence to the diet prescription for chronic kidney disease is suboptimal. Interventions to improve dietary adherence suggest that improving communication between the patient and the health professional is f...

    Authors: Kelly Lambert, Tsz Kwan Lau, Sarah Davison, Holly Mitchell, Alex Harman and Mandy Carrie

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:48

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Pruritus is a distressing, life-limiting symptom in chronic renal failure, affecting 40% of patients. This study aimed to determine uremic pruritus prevalence and investigate the multidimensional impact on hem...

    Authors: Nese Altınok Ersoy and İmatullah Akyar

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:42

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Older people with advanced kidney disease require information and support from clinicians when deciding whether to have dialysis or conservative (non-dialysis) care. There is evidence that communication practi...

    Authors: Lucy Ellen Selman, Katherine Bristowe, Irene J. Higginson and Fliss E. M. Murtagh

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:38

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Innovative care models such as public-private partnerships (PPPs) may help meet the challenge of providing cost-effective high-quality care for the steadily growing and complex chronic kidney disease populatio...

    Authors: L. A. Pedrini, A. C. Winter, F. Cerino, A. M. Zawada, M. Garbelli, A. Feuersenger, A. Feliciani, P. Ruggiero, S. Civardi, C. Amato, B. Canaud, S. Stuard, A. Karch and A. Gauly

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:35

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Electronic health records (EHR) detect the onset of acute kidney injury (AKI) in hospitalized patients, and may identify those at highest risk of mortality and renal replacement therapy (RRT), for earlier targ...

    Authors: Sanmay Low, Anantharaman Vathsala, Tanusya Murali Murali, Long Pang, Graeme MacLaren, Wan-Ying Ng, Sabrina Haroon, Amartya Mukhopadhyay, Shir-Lynn Lim, Bee-Hong Tan, Titus Lau and Horng-Ruey Chua

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:32

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  14. Content type: Research article

    People with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at an increased risk of developing hyperkalaemia due to their declining kidney function. In addition, these patients are often required to reduce or discontinue gui...

    Authors: Marc Evans, Eirini Palaka, Hans Furuland, Hayley Bennett, Cecilia Linde, Lei Qin, Phil McEwan and Ameet Bakhai

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:31

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  15. Content type: Research article

    After two-years of follow-up of 263 apparently healthy 18- to 30-year-old men in communities affected by Mesoamerican nephropathy (MeN), we identified three distinct case groups: a subgroup with (i) establishe...

    Authors: Marvin Gonzalez-Quiroz, Evangelia-Theano Smpokou, Neil Pearce, Ben Caplin and Dorothea Nitsch

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:21

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Use of routine medical care (RMC) is advocated to address ethnic/racial disparities in chronic kidney disease (CKD) risks, but use is less frequent among African Americans. Factors associated with low RMC use ...

    Authors: Clarissa J. Diamantidis, Clemontina A. Davenport, Joseph Lunyera, Nrupen Bhavsar, Julia Scialla, Rasheeda Hall, Crystal Tyson, Mario Sims, Tara Strigo, Neil R. Powe and L. Ebony Boulware

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:11

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  17. Content type: Research article

    There is a paucity of specific data on early stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD) among Asian Americans (AAs). The objective of this study was to examine the independent association of Asian race/ethnicity a...

    Authors: Merle Kataoka-Yahiro, James Davis, Krupa Gandhi, Connie M. Rhee and Victoria Page

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:10

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Experimental studies have shown that exposure to incense burning may have deleterious effects on kidney function and architecture. However, the association between chronic exposure to incense smoke and risk of...

    Authors: Ting-Ting Geng, Tazeen Hasan Jafar, Jian-Min Yuan and Woon-Puay Koh

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:9

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The optimal treatment algorithm for iron therapy and the use of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESA) in anemic hemodialysis (HD) patients has not been established. Hemoglobin (Hb) target levels can be achie...

    Authors: Maciej Drozdz, André Weigert, Fatima Silva, João Frazão, Abdulkareem Alsuwaida, Mahesh Krishnan, Werner Kleophas, Szymon Brzosko, Fredrik K. Johansson and Stefan H. Jacobson

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2019 20:5

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) is the clinical standard for assessing kidney function and staging chronic kidney disease. Automated reporting of eGFR using the Modification of Diet in Renal Diseas...

    Authors: Kristine E. Lynch, Ji won Chang, Michael E. Matheny, Alexander Goldfarb, Olga Efimova, Gregorio Coronado and Scott L. DuVall

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:380

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Recent studies have shown associations between contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) and increased risk of adverse clinical outcomes in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients undergoing percutaneous co...

    Authors: Yi Yang, Kaisha C. George, Ran Luo, Yichun Cheng, Weifeng Shang, Shuwang Ge and Gang Xu

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:374

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  22. Content type: Research article

    IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is one of the most common forms of idiopathic glomerular diseases and might lead to end-stage kidney disease. Accurate and non-invasive biomarkers for early diagnosis are required for ea...

    Authors: Zhengguang Guo, Zhao Wang, Chen Lu, Shufen Yang, Haidan Sun, Reziw, Yu Guo, Wei Sun and Hua Yue

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:358

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The effect of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection on the risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is controversial. We examined the prospective association between hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) serolog...

    Authors: Yun Soo Hong, Seungho Ryu, Yoosoo Chang, Miguel Caínzos-Achirica, Min-Jung Kwon, Di Zhao, Tariq Shafi, Mariana Lazo, Roberto Pastor-Barriuso, Hocheol Shin, Juhee Cho and Eliseo Guallar

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:353

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Surgery is one of the leading causes of acute kidney injury (AKI) in hospitalized patients. Major abdominal surgery has the second higher incidences of AKI, after cardiac surgery. AKI results from a complex in...

    Authors: Joana Gameiro, José Agapito Fonseca, Joana Monteiro Dias, Joana Milho, Rosário Rosa, Sofia Jorge and José António Lopes

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:320

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The objective of the study was to examine overall anemia management trends in non-dialysis patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) from 2006 to 2015, and to evaluate the impact of Trial to Reduced Cardiovas...

    Authors: Haesuk Park, Xinyue Liu, Linda Henry, Jeffrey Harman and Edward A. Ross

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:318

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Patients with end stage renal disease have a high all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. Secondary hyperparathyroidism and vitamin D deficiency are considered part of the mechanism for the excess mortality ob...

    Authors: Jo-Yen Chao, Hsu-Chih Chien, Te-Hui Kuo, Yu-Tzu Chang, Chung-Yi Li, Ming-Cheng Wang and Yea-Huei Kao Yang

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:309

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Patients on hemodialysis are at high risk for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection if measures for effective control of HCV infection in the hemodialysis environment are not implemented. Whereas in developed coun...

    Authors: Xhevat Jakupi, Jana Mlakar, Maja M. Lunar, Katja Seme, Ibrahim Rudhani, Lul Raka, Adriana Vince and Mario Poljak

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:304

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Early detection and treatment of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and its risk factors improves outcomes; however, many high-risk individuals lack access to healthcare. The National Kidney Foundation of Illinois (...

    Authors: Swati Lederer, Laurie Ruggiero, Nicole M. Sisen, Nancy Lepain, Kate Grubbs O’Connor, Yamin Wang, Jinsong Chen, James P. Lash and Michael J. Fischer

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:295

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Recent studies have suggested that cardiometabolic index (CMI), a novel estimate of visceral adipose tissue, could be of use in the evaluation of cardiovascular risk factors. However, the potential utility and...

    Authors: Hao-Yu Wang, Wen-Rui Shi, Xin Yi, Shu-Ze Wang, Si-Yuan Luan and Ying-Xian Sun

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:294

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is becoming a major public health problem around the world. But the prevalence has not been reported in South Asian region as a whole. This study aimed to systematically review the...

    Authors: Mehedi Hasan, Ipsita Sutradhar, Rajat Das Gupta and Malabika Sarker

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:291

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  31. Content type: Research article

    In a recent study we demonstrated that low birth weight (LBW) was associated with increased risk of progressive IgA nephropathy (IgAN). In the present study we investigate whether this could be explained by di...

    Authors: Paschal Ruggajo, Sabine Leh, Einar Svarstad, Hans-Peter Marti and Bjørn Egil Vikse

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:287

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in cirrhotic patients and is associated with negative outcomes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of AKI and its progression according to KDIGO (Kidney Dise...

    Authors: Paulo Ricardo Gessolo Lins, Wallace Stwart Carvalho Padilha, Carolina Frade Magalhaes Giradin Pimentel, Marcelo Costa Batista and Aécio Flávio Teixeira de Gois

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:277

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Utilization of home hemodialysis (HHD) is low in Europe. The Knowledge to Improve Home Dialysis Network in Europe (KIHDNEy) is a multi-center study of HHD patients who have used a transportable hemodialysis ma...

    Authors: Shashidhar Cherukuri, Maria Bajo, Giacomo Colussi, Roberto Corciulo, Hafedh Fessi, Maxence Ficheux, Maria Slon, Eric Weinhandl and Natalie Borman

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:262

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Estimates of the incidence of glomerulonephritis (GN) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in an Iraqi population are compared with the United States (US) and Jordan.

    Authors: Alaa A Ali, Dana A Sharif, Safa E Almukhtar, Kais Hasan Abd, Zana Sidiq M Saleem and Michael D Hughson

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:257

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is common and its prevalence has increased steadily over several decades. Monitoring of rates and severity of CKD across populations is critical for policy development and resource...

    Authors: Mariette J Chartier, Navdeep Tangri, Paul Komenda, Randy Walld, Ina Koseva, Charles Burchill, Kari-Lynne McGowan and Allison Dart

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:255

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Few investigations have evaluated the incremental usefulness of multiple biomarkers representing varying physiological pathways for predicting risk of renal outcomes in African Americans.

    Authors: Stanford E. Mwasongwe, Bessie Young, Aurelian Bidulescu, Mario Sims, Adolfo Correa and Solomon K. Musani

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:239

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Iron deficiency is highly prevalent in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. In clinical practice, iron deficiency is defined based on a combination of two commonly used markers, ferritin and transferrin satu...

    Authors: Michele F. Eisenga, Ilja M. Nolte, Peter van der Meer, Stephan J. L. Bakker and Carlo A. J. M. Gaillard

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:225

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  38. Content type: Research article

    To address a current paucity of European data, this study developed equations to predict risks of mortality, major adverse cardiac events (MACE) and renin angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitor (RAASi) disco...

    Authors: Hans Furuland, Phil McEwan, Marc Evans, Cecilia Linde, Daniel Ayoubkhani, Ameet Bakhai, Eirini Palaka, Hayley Bennett and Lei Qin

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:211

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Obesity emerged as the leading global health concern in 2017. Although higher body mass index (BMI) is a health risk in the general population, its implications for chronic kidney disease (CKD) are not entirel...

    Authors: Samuel Chan, Anne Cameron, Zaimin Wang, Sree K. Venuthurupalli, Ken S. Tan, Helen G. Healy and Wendy E. Hoy

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:209

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Minimal change disease (MCD) is a common cause of the nephrotic syndrome in adults with limited evidence on its treatment and prognosis. We examined the presenting characteristics, treatments, and outcomes of ...

    Authors: Anthony Fenton, Stuart W. Smith and Peter Hewins

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:207

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is often asymptomatic in its early stages but is indicated and is diagnosed with an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) < 60 ml/min/1.73m2. Certain sociodemographic groups are...

    Authors: Irene Ma, Maggie Guo, Daniel Muruve, Hallgrimur Benediktsson and Christopher Naugler

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:198

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Dialysis is often initiated in the hospital during episodes of acute kidney injury and critical illness. Little is known about how patients or their surrogate decision makers feel about dialysis initiation in ...

    Authors: Amar D. Bansal, Nina R. O’Connor and David J. Casarett

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:197

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Both dialysis facilities and hospitals are accountable for 30-day hospital readmissions among U.S. hemodialysis patients. We examined the association of post-hospitalization processes of care at hemodialysis f...

    Authors: Laura C. Plantinga, Tahsin Masud, Janice P. Lea, John M. Burkart, Christopher M. O’Donnell and Bernard G. Jaar

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:186

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Knowing how chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients talk about their encounters with providers (i.e., their discourse) can inform the important clinical goal of engaging patients in their chronic disease self-ma...

    Authors: Ann E. Vandenberg, Katharina V. Echt, Theodore M. Johnson II and C. Barrett Bowling

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2018 19:183

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