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  1. Renal artery stenosis (RAS) is a known cause of hypertension and ischemic nephropathy. Stenting of the artery is a valid approach, in spite of cases of unexpected adverse evolution of renal function.

    Authors: Giorgio Coen, Eleonora Moscaritolo, Carlo Catalano, Raffaella Lavini, Italo Nofroni, Giuseppe Ronga, Daniela Sardella, Alvaro Zaccaria and Rosario Cianci

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2004 5:15

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is the preferred dialysis modality in children. Its major drawback is the limited technique survival due to infections and progressive ultrafiltration failure. Conventional PD solution...

    Authors: Barbara Nau, Claus P Schmitt, Margarida Almeida, Klaus Arbeiter, Gianluigi Ardissino, Klaus E Bonzel, Alberto Edefonti, Michel Fischbach, Karin Haluany, Joachim Misselwitz, Markus J Kemper, Kai Rönnholm, Simone Wygoda and Franz Schaefer

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2004 5:14

    Content type: Study protocol

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  3. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a significant problem among patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis (HD). We conducted a prospective multi-center study to evaluate the effect of dialysis machine sepa...

    Authors: Alireza Abdollah Shamshirsaz, Mohammad Kamgar, Mir Reza Bekheirnia, Farzam Ayazi, Seyed Reza Hashemi, Navid Bouzari, Mohammad Reza Habibzadeh, Nima Pourzahedgilani, Varshasb Broumand, Amirhooshang Abdollah Shamshirsaz, Maziyar Moradi, Mehrdad Borghei, Niloofar Nobakht Haghighi and Behrooz Broumand

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2004 5:13

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The commonest cause of end-stage renal failure (ESRF) in children and young adults is congenital malformation of the kidney and urinary tract. In this retrospective review, we examine whether progression to ES...

    Authors: Guy H Neild, Gill Thomson, Dorothea Nitsch, Robin G Woolfson, John O Connolly and Christopher RJ Woodhouse

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2004 5:12

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Relatively few U.S.-based studies in chronic kidney disease have focused on Asian/Pacific Islanders. Clinical reports suggest that Asian/Pacific Islanders are more likely to be affected by IgA nephropathy (IgA...

    Authors: Yoshio N Hall, Eloisa F Fuentes, Glenn M Chertow and Jean L Olson

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2004 5:10

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Dialysis disequilibrium syndrome (DDS) is the clinical phenomenon of acute neurologic symptoms attributed to cerebral edema that occurs during or following intermittent hemodialysis (HD). We describe a case of...

    Authors: Sean M Bagshaw, Adam D Peets, Morad Hameed, Paul JE Boiteau, Kevin B Laupland and Christopher J Doig

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2004 5:9

    Content type: Case report

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  7. During renal transplantation, the kidney remains without blood flow for a period of time. The following reperfusion of this ischemic kidney causes functional and structural injury. Formation of oxygen-derived ...

    Authors: Mehri Kadkhodaee, Simin Aryamanesh, Mahdieh Faghihi and Maryam Zahmatkesh

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2004 5:6

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The combination of hyponatremia and renovascular hypertension is called hyponatremic hypertensive syndrome (HHS). Malignant hypertension as a presentation has been reported in adults with HHS but is rare in ch...

    Authors: Mehul P Dixit, John D Hughes, Andreas Theodorou and Naznin M Dixit

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2004 5:5

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Various animal models of renal failure have been produced and used to investigate mechanisms underlying renal disease and develop therapeutic drugs. Most methods available to produce such models appear to invo...

    Authors: Shingo Nakamura, Masuo Terashima, Natsuko Kikuchi, Minoru Kimura, Tadaaki Maehara, Akira Saito and Masahiro Sato

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2004 5:4

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Although recovery of renal functions in dialysis dependent patients is estimated to be greater than 1%, there are no indicators that actually suggest such revival of renal function. Residual renal function in ...

    Authors: Mahendra Agraharkar, Vasudevan Nair and Matthew Patlovany

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2003 4:9

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Renal involvement in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus infection has been suggested to be due to a variety of immunological processes. However, the precise mechanism by which the kidneys are damaged in t...

    Authors: Isao Ohsawa, Yuki Uehara, Sumiko Hashimoto, Morito Endo, Takayuki Fujita and Hiroyuki Ohi

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2003 4:7

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by inflammatory serositis (fever, peritonitis, synovitis and pleuritis). The gene locus responsible for FMF was identified in ...

    Authors: Patrick W Fisher, L Tammy Ho, Robert Goldschmidt, Ronald J Semerdjian and Gregory W Rutecki

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2003 4:6

    Content type: Case report

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  13. The use and possible effects of factors known to improve outcomes in patients with human immunodeficiency virus associated nephropathy (HIVAN), namely of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE) and anti...

    Authors: Kevin C Abbott, Fernando C Trespalacios, Lawrence Y Agodoa and Tejinder S Ahuja

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2003 4:5

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Oxidative stress may play a critical role in the vascular disease of end stage renal failure and hemodialysis patients. Studies, analyzing either discrete analytes and antioxidant substances, or the integrated...

    Authors: Niki Malliaraki, Dimitris Mpliamplias, Marilena Kampa, Kostas Perakis, Andrew N Margioris and Elias Castanas

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2003 4:4

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Atherosclerotic ischemic renal disease is a frequent cause of end-stage renal failure leading to dialysis among the elderly; Its prevalence is inferred from autopsy or retrospective arteriographic studies. Thi...

    Authors: Giorgio Coen, Santo Calabria, Silvia Lai, Eleonora Moscaritolo, Italo Nofroni, Giuseppe Ronga, Michele Rossi, Guido Ventroni, Daniela Sardella, Michele Ferrannini, Alvaro Zaccaria and Rosario Cianci

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2003 4:2

    Content type: Research article

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  16. In the United States, transjugular renal biopsies using the Quickcore™ side cut needle system have previously been described primarily for transjugular renal biopsy in patients with concurrent liver and kidney...

    Authors: Kevin C Abbott, Franco M Musio, Ellen M Chung, Nick N Lomis, John D Lane and Christina M Yuan

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2002 3:5

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Bilateral emphysematous pyelonephritis is a life threatening condition usually occurring in diabetics. Management of this condition has traditionally been aggressive and surgery is considered mandatory. Howeve...

    Authors: Guillermo Flores, Haiko Nellen, Francisco Magaña and Juan Calleja

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2002 3:4

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors are routinely prescribed to patients with chronic kidney disease because of their known renoprotective effects. We evaluated the effect of short-term therapy with the a...

    Authors: Liora Adler, Roy Mathew, Stephen Futterweit, Rachel Frank, Bernard G Gauthier, Clifford E Kashtan and Howard Trachtman MD

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2002 3:2

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Icodextrin is a high molecular weight, starch-derived glucose polymer, which is capable of inducing sustained ultrafiltration over prolonged (12–16 hour) peritoneal dialysis (PD) dwells. The aim of this study ...

    Authors: David Wayne Johnson, Mary Arndt, Amanda O'Shea, Rhonda Watt, Jan Hamilton and Kaia Vincent

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2001 2:2

    Content type: Research article

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  20. It is well established that ACE-inhibitors should be avoided in patients with renal artery stenosis. In recent years it has also been recommended that caution should be demonstrated when angiotensin II blocker...

    Authors: Thomas Lund Johansen and Andreas Kjaer

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2001 2:1

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Patients with diabetes have an increased risk for allograft rejection, possibly related to peri-operative hyperglycaemia. Hyperglycaemia is also common following transplantation in patients without diabetes. We h...

    Authors: Merlin C Thomas, John Moran, Timothy H Mathew, Graeme R Russ and M Mohan Rao

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2000 1:1

    Content type: Survey/Cross sectional study

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