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  1. Crescentic nephritis is characterized by formation of cellular crescents that soon become fibrotic and result in irreversible damage, unless an effective immunosuppressive therapy is rapidly commenced. TGF-β1 is ...

    Authors: Dimitrios S Goumenos, Pantelitsa Kalliakmani, Sotiris Tsakas, Florentia Sotsiou and John G Vlachojannis
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2005 6:16
  2. IgA nephropathy (IgAN) or Berger's disease, is the most common glomerulonephritis in the world diagnosed in renal biopsied patients. The involvement of genetic factors in the pathogenesis of the IgAN is eviden...

    Authors: Francesco P Schena, Giuseppina Cerullo, Diletta D Torres, Francesco Scolari, Marina Foramitti, Antonio Amoroso, Doroti Pirulli, Jürgen Floege, Peter R Mertens, Klaus Zerres, Efstathios Alexopoulos, Dimitrios Kirmizis, Leopoldo Zelante, Luigi Bisceglia, Gian M Ghiggeri and Giovanni M Frascà
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2005 6:14
  3. It has been established that hypothyroidism protects rats against renal ischemia and reperfusion (IR) oxidative damage. However, it is not clear if hypothyroidism is able to prevent protein tyrosine nitration,...

    Authors: Verónica M Tenorio-Velázquez, Diana Barrera, Martha Franco, Edilia Tapia, Rogelio Hernández-Pando, Omar Noel Medina-Campos and José Pedraza-Chaverri
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2005 6:12
  4. The National Kidney Foundation has formulated clinical practice guidelines for patients with chronic kidney disease (K/DOQI). However, little is know about how many patients actually achieve these goals in a d...

    Authors: Oliver Lenz, Durga P Mekala, Daniel V Patel, Alessia Fornoni, David Metz and David Roth
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2005 6:11
  5. The association between intake of non-phenacetin-containing analgesics and the occurrence of chronic renal failure is still controversially discussed. A new epidemiologic study was planned and conducted in Ger...

    Authors: Lothar AJ Heinemann, Edeltraut Garbe, Michael Lewis, Fokko van der Woude and Helmut Graf
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2005 6:9
  6. The risk factors for progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) have not been fully elucidated. Although uncontrolled blood pressure (BP) is known to be deleterious, other fac...

    Authors: David J Leehey, Holly J Kramer, Tarek M Daoud, Maninder P Chatha and Majd A Isreb
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2005 6:8
  7. Obesity is a growing health issue in the Western world. Obesity, as part of the metabolic syndrome adds to the morbidity and mortality. The incidence of diabetes and hypertension, two primary etiological facto...

    Authors: Sujata Agnani, Vidula T Vachharajani, Rohit Gupta, Naveen K Atray and Tushar J Vachharajani
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2005 6:7
  8. In experimental models of diabetes mellitus, aggravation of renal injury by concomitant hypertension has been described. Inflammatory mechanisms contribute to renal damage in both diseases. We investigated whe...

    Authors: Andrea Hartner, Roland Veelken, Michael Wittmann, Nada Cordasic and Karl F Hilgers
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2005 6:6
  9. Recombinant human erythropoietin (EPO) is used for the treatment of last stage renal anemia. A new EPO preparation was obtained in Cuba in order to make this treatment fully nationally available. The aim of th...

    Authors: Jorge F Pérez-Oliva, Martha Casanova-González, Idrian García-García, Pedro J Porrero-Martín, Carmen M Valenzuela-Silva, Tairí Hernández-Montero, Marcia Lagarde-Ampudia, Yuri Casanova-Kutsareva, Yisel Ávila-Albuerne, Alicia Vargas-Batista, Hailen Bobillo-López, Raúl Herrera-Valdés and Pedro A López-Saura
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2005 6:5
  10. Potassium dichromate (K2Cr2O7)-induced nephrotoxicity is associated with oxidative and nitrosative stress. In this study we investigated the relation between the time course of the oxidative and nitrosative stres...

    Authors: José Pedraza-Chaverrí, Diana Barrera, Omar N Medina-Campos, Raymundo C Carvajal, Rogelio Hernández-Pando, Norma A Macías-Ruvalcaba, Perla D Maldonado, Marcos I Salcedo, Edilia Tapia, Liliana Saldívar, María E Castilla and María E Ibarra-Rubio
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2005 6:4
  11. Essential hypertension is a common, polygenic, complex disorder resulting from interaction of several genes with each other and with environmental factors such as obesity, dietary salt intake, and alcohol cons...

    Authors: Adrian Mondry, Marie Loh, Pengbo Liu, Ai-Ling Zhu and Mato Nagel
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2005 6:1
  12. The mortality rate among patients with infective endocarditis, especially associated with the presence of complications or coexisting conditions such as renal failure and the use of combined medical and surgic...

    Authors: Daisuke Koya, Kazuyuki Shibuya, Ryuichi Kikkawa and Masakazu Haneda
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2004 5:18
  13. Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) has a central role in the catabolism of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins. The enzyme is anchored to the vascular endothelium through interaction with heparan sulphate proteoglycans and i...

    Authors: Birgit Näsström, Bernd Stegmayr, Gunilla Olivecrona and Thomas Olivecrona
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2004 5:17
  14. Late referral to specialist nephrological care is associated with increased morbidity, mortality, and cost. Consequently, nephrologists' associations recommend early referral. The recommendations' effectivenes...

    Authors: Adrian Mondry, Ai-Ling Zhu, Marie Loh, Thuy D Vo and Kai Hahn
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2004 5:16
  15. Renal artery stenosis (RAS) is a known cause of hypertension and ischemic nephropathy. Stenting of the artery is a valid approach, in spite of cases of unexpected adverse evolution of renal function.

    Authors: Giorgio Coen, Eleonora Moscaritolo, Carlo Catalano, Raffaella Lavini, Italo Nofroni, Giuseppe Ronga, Daniela Sardella, Alvaro Zaccaria and Rosario Cianci
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2004 5:15
  16. Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is the preferred dialysis modality in children. Its major drawback is the limited technique survival due to infections and progressive ultrafiltration failure. Conventional PD solution...

    Authors: Barbara Nau, Claus P Schmitt, Margarida Almeida, Klaus Arbeiter, Gianluigi Ardissino, Klaus E Bonzel, Alberto Edefonti, Michel Fischbach, Karin Haluany, Joachim Misselwitz, Markus J Kemper, Kai Rönnholm, Simone Wygoda and Franz Schaefer
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2004 5:14
  17. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a significant problem among patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis (HD). We conducted a prospective multi-center study to evaluate the effect of dialysis machine sepa...

    Authors: Alireza Abdollah Shamshirsaz, Mohammad Kamgar, Mir Reza Bekheirnia, Farzam Ayazi, Seyed Reza Hashemi, Navid Bouzari, Mohammad Reza Habibzadeh, Nima Pourzahedgilani, Varshasb Broumand, Amirhooshang Abdollah Shamshirsaz, Maziyar Moradi, Mehrdad Borghei, Niloofar Nobakht Haghighi and Behrooz Broumand
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2004 5:13
  18. The commonest cause of end-stage renal failure (ESRF) in children and young adults is congenital malformation of the kidney and urinary tract. In this retrospective review, we examine whether progression to ES...

    Authors: Guy H Neild, Gill Thomson, Dorothea Nitsch, Robin G Woolfson, John O Connolly and Christopher RJ Woodhouse
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2004 5:12
  19. Relatively few U.S.-based studies in chronic kidney disease have focused on Asian/Pacific Islanders. Clinical reports suggest that Asian/Pacific Islanders are more likely to be affected by IgA nephropathy (IgA...

    Authors: Yoshio N Hall, Eloisa F Fuentes, Glenn M Chertow and Jean L Olson
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2004 5:10
  20. Dialysis disequilibrium syndrome (DDS) is the clinical phenomenon of acute neurologic symptoms attributed to cerebral edema that occurs during or following intermittent hemodialysis (HD). We describe a case of...

    Authors: Sean M Bagshaw, Adam D Peets, Morad Hameed, Paul JE Boiteau, Kevin B Laupland and Christopher J Doig
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2004 5:9
  21. During renal transplantation, the kidney remains without blood flow for a period of time. The following reperfusion of this ischemic kidney causes functional and structural injury. Formation of oxygen-derived ...

    Authors: Mehri Kadkhodaee, Simin Aryamanesh, Mahdieh Faghihi and Maryam Zahmatkesh
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2004 5:6
  22. The combination of hyponatremia and renovascular hypertension is called hyponatremic hypertensive syndrome (HHS). Malignant hypertension as a presentation has been reported in adults with HHS but is rare in ch...

    Authors: Mehul P Dixit, John D Hughes, Andreas Theodorou and Naznin M Dixit
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2004 5:5
  23. Various animal models of renal failure have been produced and used to investigate mechanisms underlying renal disease and develop therapeutic drugs. Most methods available to produce such models appear to invo...

    Authors: Shingo Nakamura, Masuo Terashima, Natsuko Kikuchi, Minoru Kimura, Tadaaki Maehara, Akira Saito and Masahiro Sato
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2004 5:4
  24. Although recovery of renal functions in dialysis dependent patients is estimated to be greater than 1%, there are no indicators that actually suggest such revival of renal function. Residual renal function in ...

    Authors: Mahendra Agraharkar, Vasudevan Nair and Matthew Patlovany
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2003 4:9
  25. Renal involvement in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus infection has been suggested to be due to a variety of immunological processes. However, the precise mechanism by which the kidneys are damaged in t...

    Authors: Isao Ohsawa, Yuki Uehara, Sumiko Hashimoto, Morito Endo, Takayuki Fujita and Hiroyuki Ohi
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2003 4:7
  26. Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by inflammatory serositis (fever, peritonitis, synovitis and pleuritis). The gene locus responsible for FMF was identified in ...

    Authors: Patrick W Fisher, L Tammy Ho, Robert Goldschmidt, Ronald J Semerdjian and Gregory W Rutecki
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2003 4:6
  27. The use and possible effects of factors known to improve outcomes in patients with human immunodeficiency virus associated nephropathy (HIVAN), namely of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE) and anti...

    Authors: Kevin C Abbott, Fernando C Trespalacios, Lawrence Y Agodoa and Tejinder S Ahuja
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2003 4:5
  28. Oxidative stress may play a critical role in the vascular disease of end stage renal failure and hemodialysis patients. Studies, analyzing either discrete analytes and antioxidant substances, or the integrated...

    Authors: Niki Malliaraki, Dimitris Mpliamplias, Marilena Kampa, Kostas Perakis, Andrew N Margioris and Elias Castanas
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2003 4:4
  29. Atherosclerotic ischemic renal disease is a frequent cause of end-stage renal failure leading to dialysis among the elderly; Its prevalence is inferred from autopsy or retrospective arteriographic studies. Thi...

    Authors: Giorgio Coen, Santo Calabria, Silvia Lai, Eleonora Moscaritolo, Italo Nofroni, Giuseppe Ronga, Michele Rossi, Guido Ventroni, Daniela Sardella, Michele Ferrannini, Alvaro Zaccaria and Rosario Cianci
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2003 4:2
  30. In the United States, transjugular renal biopsies using the Quickcore™ side cut needle system have previously been described primarily for transjugular renal biopsy in patients with concurrent liver and kidney...

    Authors: Kevin C Abbott, Franco M Musio, Ellen M Chung, Nick N Lomis, John D Lane and Christina M Yuan
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2002 3:5

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