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Table 2 Crude and adjusted relative risk of plasma TNF-α for incident fractures

From: Pro-inflammatory cytokines and bone fractures in CKD patients. An exploratory single centre study

  Hazard ratio and 95% CI associated to 5 pg/mL increase in plasma TNF-α for incident fractures
Crude 1.62 (1.05-2.50), P = 0.03
Adjusted for:  
Age 1.64 (1.06-2.56), P = 0.03
Intact PTH 1.55 (1.03-2.35), P = 0.04
Sex 1.64 (1.06-2.54), P = 0.03
Previous fractures 1.61 (1.01-2.57), P = 0.04
Previous transplants 1.59 (1.05-2.40), P = 0.03
Risk Score 1.60 (1.04-2.45), P = 0.03
  1. Plasma TNF-α data were adjusted in bivariate Cox models including TNF-α and each risk factor listed. The latter factors were used to compute the risk score (see methods).