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Table 2 Levels of total protein, albumin, low-molecular weight proteins in total and in the four study groups

From: Total protein, albumin and low-molecular-weight protein excretion in HIV-positive patients

   All patients No cART cART/no TFV cART/TFV p-value TFV/NNRTI TFV/PI p-value
PCR (mg/g) Median (IQR) 82.8 (56.2, 134.6) 73.4 (52.5, 111.8) 84.7 (58.8, 134.2) 82.7 (56.2, 141.9) 0.33 82.9 (60.9, 141.3) 82.6 (50.2, 158.0) 0.88
Log PCR (mg/g) Mean (SD) 4.53 (0.85) 4.37 (0.66) 4.58 (0.93) 4.52 (0.82) >0.05 4.53 (0.82) 4.50 (0.83) 0.82
ACR (mg/g) Median (IQR) 10.3 (5.4, 22.2) 6.8 (4.9, 15.0) 11.5 (5.8, 28.9) 10.0 (5.7, 20.1) 0.10 10.5 (5.7 18.8) 9.6 (5.5, 24.9) 0.26
Log ACR (mg/g) Mean (SD) 2.46 (1.16) 2.19 (1.07) 2.59 (1.26) 4.52 (0.82) >0.05 2.36 (1.08) 2.48 (1.01) 0.24
RBPCR (μg/g) Median (IQR) 66.4 (25.5, 150.4) 61.4 (15.1, 124.6) 60.4 (24.5, 130.4) 75.5 (28.2, 169) 0.24 75.23 (27.2, 138.7) 75.5 (30.6, 241.3) 0.27
Log RBPCR (μg/g) Mean (SD) 3.92 (1.75) 3.64 (1.94) 3.86 (1.69) 4.13 (1.71) >0.05 4.02 (1.66) 4.32 (1.78) 0.58
NGALCR (ng/g) Median (IQR) 17993 (6998, 44823) 19658 (7919, 44728) 20049 (7172, 45319) 14412 (6011, 43756) 0.56 12770 (5491, 47963) 17993 (6998, 42732) 0.44
Log NGALCR (ng/g) Mean (SD) 9.52 (1.99) 9.39 (2.36) 9.67 (1.82) 9.40 (1.99) >0.05 9.40 (1.90) 9.40 (2.17) 0.99
CCR (μg/g) Median (IQR) 2.44 (0.75, 5.39) 2.70 (0.79, 5.23) 2.82 (1.01, 5.51) 1.92 (0.56, 5.10) 0.13 1.92 (0.46, 5.02) 2.04 (0.70, 5.46) 0.44
Log CCR (μg/g) Mean (SD) 0.80 (1.71) 0.64 (1.47) 1.12 (1.82) 0.50 (1.65) 0.02 0.35 (1.66) 0.76 (1.63) 0.29
  1. p value for comparison between study groups.
  2. PCR = protein-creatinine ratio (urine); ACR = albumin-creatinine ratio (urine); RBPCR = retinol-binding protein-creatinine ratio (urine); NGALCR = neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin-creatinine ratio (urine); CCR = cystatin C-creatinine ratio (urine).