Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics of participants

From: Abdominal aortic calcification is not superior over other vascular calcification in predicting mortality in hemodialysis patients: a retrospective observational study

Variables All (n = 217) Alived (n = 180) Deceased (n = 37) P
Age (y) 60 ± 16 57 ± 15 72 ± 10 <0.001
Male (%) 49.8 47.8 59.5 0.20
Cardiovascular disease (%) 12.9 12.2 16.2 0.51
Cerebral vascular disease (%) 7.4 6.1 13.5 0.12
History of hypertension (%) 88.5 90.5 81.1 0.10
Diabetes mellitus (%) 27.6 24.4 43.2 0.02
Dialysis vintage (m) 46 ± 41 46 ± 41 47 ± 43 0.89
Hyperlipidemia (%) 57.1 58.1 54.1 0.65
SBP (mm Hg) 144.7 ± 19.3 144.5 ± 18.8 145.2 ± 21.7 0.86
DBP (mm Hg) 76.1 ± 11.4 77.3 ± 11.0 70.4 ± 11.5 0.001
PP (mm Hg) 68.5 ± 17.3 67.2 ± 17.0 74.8 ± 17.8 0.02
Calcium (mmol/L) 2.22 ± 0.23 2.21 ± 0.23 2.26 ± 0.25 0.25
 <2.10 (%) 31.5 32.4 27.0  
 2.10-2.37 (%) 46.8 47.5 43.2  
 >2.37 (%) 21.8 20.1 29.7 0.43
Phosphorus (mmol/L) 1.81 ± 0.59 1.81 ± 0.57 1.78 ± 0.64 0.78
 <1.13 mmol/L (%) 10.2 8.4 18.9  
 1.13-1.78 mmol/L (%) 44.4 45.8 37.8  
 >1.78 mmol/L (%) 45.4 45.8 43.2 0.15
PTH (pg/ml) 286(174–598) 301(185–603) 227.0(107–516) 0.20
<150 (%) 20.8 19.0 29.7  
150-300 (%) 30.1 30.7 27.0  
>300 (%) 49.1 50.3 43.2 0.34
ALP (U/L) 103.72 ± 58.35 101.85 ± 57.76 112.81 ± 61.13 0.30
Albumin (g/L) 40.0 ± 3.1 40.3 ± 2.8 38.3 ± 3.9 0.01
Kt/V 1.34 ± 0.34 1.36 ± 0.35 1.20 ± 0.22 0.01
Hb (g/L) 105.94 ± 20.81 105.68 ± 22.06 104.35 ± 21.82 0.74
Calcification score 2(0–3) 1(0–3) 4(2–6) <0.001
Aorta calcification (%) 63.1 57.8 89.2 <0.001
Iliac artery calcification (%) 34.1 28.9 59.5 <0.001
Femoral artery calcification (%) 16.6 12.2 37.8 <0.001
Digital artery calcification (%) 7.8 5.6 18.9 0.01
Radial artery calcification (%) 19.8 17.8 29.7 0.10
  1. Abbreviations: SBP Systolic blood pressure, DBP Diastolic blood pressure, PP Pulse pressure, PTH Parathyroid hormone, ALP Alkaline phosphatase, Hb Hemoglobin.