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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of the 35,502 people with diabetes included for analysis

From: Association of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and failure to monitor renal function with adverse outcomes in people with diabetes: a primary care cohort study

Characteristic n (%) Characteristic n (%)
Age: mean (±SD) 63.6 years (±14.3) Investigations  
Gender: female 16,322 (45.97) ACR: not monitored 13,104 (36.91)
Gender: male 19,180 (54.03) ACR: normal 16,960 (56.00)
Ethnicity   ACR: microalbuminuria 4,623 (13.02)
White 15,222 (42.9) ACR: macroalbuminuria 815 (2.30)
Mixed 406 (1.1) HbA1c: not measured 3,435 (9.7)
Asian 6,215 (17.5) HbA1c: < 7.5% 19,648 (55.3)
Black 2,183 (6.1) HbA1c: > 7.5% 12,419 (35.0)
Other 2,187 (6.1) Total cholesterol: not monitored 2,046 (5.8)
Not recorded 9,289 (26.2) Total cholesterol: < 5.0 mmol/l 31,553 (88.9)
Smoking Status   Total cholesterol: > 5.0 mmol/l 1,903 (5.4)
Not recorded 7,474 (21.05) LDL cholesterol: not monitored 15,678 (44.16)
Never smoked 16,349 (46.10) LDL cholesterol: normal 14,612 (41.16)
Current Smoker 6,620 (18.65) LDL cholesterol: high 5,212 (14.68)
Ex-smoker 5,059 (14.25) HDL cholesterol: not monitored 5,850 (16.48)
Alcohol Consumption   HDL cholesterol: normal 24,372 (68.65)
Not recorded 12,272 (34.57) HDL cholesterol: low 5,280 (14.87)
No alcohol 11,250 (31.70) No Hypertension  
Light alcohol 10,124 (28.52) Renal function not monitored 2,200 (6.20)
Excess alcohol 1,725 (4.86) No CKD 15,229 (42.90)
Previous excess alcohol 131 (0.37) CKD all stages  
Comorbidities   Hypertension 569 (1.60)
Heart failure 1,550 (4.37) Renal function not monitored 2,260 (6.37)
Dialysis 97 (0.27) No CKD 5,862 (16.51)
Stroke 1,438 (4.05) CKD stages 1–2 7,581 (21.35)
Transient ischaemic attack 1,060 (2.99) CKD stages 3–5 3,987 (11.23)
Ischaemic heart disease 6,328 (17.82) CKD stages 3–5 with proteinuria 3,676 (10.35)
Coronary artery operation 2,322 (6.54) LDL cholesterol: not monitored 15,678 (44.16)
Myocardial infarction 1,895 (5.34)   
  1. Abbreviation: SD, Standard deviation.