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Table 3 Main outcomes: distribution based on the first diet

From: Diet as a system: an observational study investigating a multi-choice system of moderately restricted low-protein diets

First diet Vegan supplemented With protein-free food Other All cases p Among groups
Continues n (%) 86 (40.0%) 81 (50.9%) 58 (77.3%) 225 (50.1%) <0.001
Discontinued n(%) 6 (2.8%) 2 (1.3%) 0 8 (1.8%)
Transferred n (%) 4 (1.9%) 1 (0.6%) 1 (1.3%) 6 (1.3%)
Lost to follow-up n (%) 1 (0.5%) 4 (2.5%) 0 5 (1.1%)
On dialysis n (%) 83 (38.6%) 12 (7.5%) 10 (13.3%) 105 (23.4%)
Dead n (%) 35 (16.3%) 59 (37.1%) 6 (8.0%) 100 (22.3%)
Overall follow-up (years) 375.67 335 136.5 847.17 0.124
  1. 9 further deaths were recorded in the first year after discontinuation of the diet; all occurred on dialysis (on further 94.4 years of observation)