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Table 5 Adjusted differences in total direct and out-of-pocket health care expenditures (in $2013 US) of U.S. adults aged 21years or older by conditions, years 2011-2013

From: Non-dialysis dependent chronic kidney disease is associated with high total and out-of-pocket healthcare expenditures

  dDifferences in total direct healthcare expenditures ($) dDifferences in out-of-pocket expenditures ($)
No CKD, cancer or strokec Referent 95% CI P-value Referent 95% CI P-value
CKDa $4746 $1775–$7718 0.002 $760 0–1745 0.130
Cancerb $8608 $6167–$11,049 <0.001 $419 $158–$679 0.002
Stroke $5992 $4208–$7775 <0.001 $246 $87–$406 0.002
  1. aExcludes dialysis patients; CKD, chronic kidney disease
  2. bIncludes breast, colon & lung
  3. cExcludes CKD, cancer and/or stroke. The condition categories are mutually exclusive
  4. dAnalysis compares expenditure per chronic condition category, adjusted for the variables listed and race/ethnicity, age, health insurance, gender, poverty status and presence of other co-occurring physical conditions and all costs were inflated to 2013 dollars