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Table 2 Risk factors for CKD on multivariable logistic regression analysis in the unmatched cohort

From: The association of kidney function with repetitive breath-hold diving activities of female divers from Korea, Haenyeo

  Unadjusted OR (95% CI) P Adjusteda OR (95% CI) P
Female diver 12.221 (9.583–15.586) <0.001 1.976 (1.465–2.664) <0.001
Age 1.144 (1.131–1.157) <0.001 1.129 (1.115–1.143) <0.001
Diabetes 2.517 (1.903–3.328) <0.001 1.586 (1.129–2.227) 0.008
Hypertension 5.503 (4.500–6.730) <0.001 1.601 (1.233–2.080) <0.001
Cardiovascular disease 3.728 (2.938–4.729) <0.001 0.937 (0.698–1.258) 0.665
Hemoglobin (g/dL) 0.883 (0.822–0.948) 0.001 0.945 (0.867–1.030) 0.201
Serum albumin (g/dL) 0.230 (0.182–0.291) <0.001 1.143 (0.847–1.541) 0.382
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 1.005 (1.003–1.008) <0.001 1.003 (1.000–1.005) 0.069
  1. CKD was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate < 60 ml/min/1.73 m2
  2. Abbreviation: OR odd ratio, CKD chronic kidney disease
  3. aAdjusted for age, diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, hemoglobin, albumin, total cholesterol, and breath-holding diving activity