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Table 1 A qualitative comparison of biomarkers of this study

From: Screening for chronic kidney disease of uncertain aetiology in Sri Lanka: usability of surrogate biomarkers over dipstick proteinuria

Dipstick proteinuria Creatinine Cystatin C ACR
Point-of-care test Laboratory Laboratory Laboratory
Semi quantitative Quantitative Quantitative Quantitative
Non-invasive Minimally-invasive Minimally-invasive Non-invasive
Interpreter bias None None None