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Table 3 Demographic data of chronic dialysis patients versus patients with normal renal function

From: Epidemiology and outcomes of Endophthalmitis in chronic dialysis patients: a 13-year experience in a tertiary referral center in Taiwan

  Dialysis Control
  Endogenous (N = 25) Exogenous (N = 7) Endogenous (N = 31) Exogenous (N = 26)
Male 12 48.0% 6 85.7% 16 51.6% 13 50.0%
Age 64 ±13 62 ± 8 61 ± 12 67 ± 13
Co-morbidities         
 Diabetes mellitus 18 72.0% 6 85.7% 24 77.4% 14 53.8%
 Hypertension 20 80.0%# 5 71.4% 13 41.9% 10 38.5%
 Coronary artery disease 7 28.0%# 1 14.3% 1 3.2% 0 0%
 Congestive heart failure 6 24.0%# 1 14.3% 0 0% 0 0%
 Stroke 4 16.0% 2 28.6%* 1 3.2% 0 0%
 Hepatitis B 1 4.0% 0 0% 2 6.5% 1 3.8%
 Hepatitis C 3 12.0% 2 28.6%* 2 6.5% 0 0%
 Cirrhosis 2 8.0% 1 14.3% 4 12.9% 0 0%
 Cancer 3 12.0% 1 14.3% 3 9.7% 0 0%
 Immunosuppression 1 4.0% 0 0% 0 0% 0 0%
Vascular access HD = 24+, PD = 1 HD = 7       
 AVF 15 62.5% 7 100%     
 AVG 1 4.1% 0      
 TCC 9 37.5% 0      
  1. AVF native arterio-venous fistula, AVG arterio-venous graft, TCC tunneled cuffed catheter, HD hemodialysis, PD peritoneal dialysis
  2. +One hemodialysis patient in the endogenous group had both AVF and TCC
  3. # p < 0.05 Endogenous: Dialysis v.s. Control
  4. *p < 0.05 Exogenous: Dialysis v.s. Control
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