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Table 5 Association of social worker-assessed psychosocial factors with pulmonary edema-related and other hospital readmissions, vs. no readmissions, among prevalent hemodialysis patients, 2010–2014

From: Association of social worker-assessed psychosocial factors with 30-day hospital readmissions among hemodialysis patients

Psychosocial domain/factor Unadjusted OR (95% CI)
Pulmonary edema-related readmission vs. no readmission Other readmission vs. no readmission
Mental health
 History of substance abuse
  No 1.00 (referent) 1.00 (referent)
  Yes 1.00 (0.41–2.45) 1.30 (0.72–2.35)
 Depression or anxiety
  No 1.00 (referent) 1.00 (referent)
  Yes 0.67 (0.28–1.63) 0.83 (0.46–1.51)
Social support
 Marital status
  Married/domestic partner 1.00 (referent) 1.00 (referent)
  Never married 1.36 (0.63–2.93) 1.44 (0.86–2.43)
  Widowed/divorced/separated 1.35 (0.62–2.90) 1.19 (0.69–2.04)
 Lives alone
  No 1.00 (referent) 1.00 (referent)
  Yes 0.65 (0.28–1.50) 1.28 (0.79–2.07)
 Frequency of social support
  Overall
  Daily 1.00 (referent) 1.00 (referent)
  Not daily 1.11 (0.58–2.11) 1.15 (0.73–1.81)
Independence
 Impaired memory
  No 1.00 (referent) 1.00 (referent)
  Yes 1.05 (0.48–2.33) 0.65 (0.33–1.26)
 Employment status
  Overall
  Unemployed 1.00 (referent) 1.00 (referent)
  Disabled 0.27 (0.03–2.15) 0.66 (0.24–1.83)
  Employed 0.90 (0.45–1.82) 0.89 (0.54–1.49)
 Type of Housing
  Community-dwelling 1.00 (referent) 1.00 (referent)
  Assisted living/nursing home 2.45 (1.07–5.58) 0.60 (0.23–1.55)
 Ambulatory assistance
  No 1.00 (referent) 1.00 (referent)
  Yes 1.23 (0.67–2.26) 0.70 (0.45–1.10)
Ease of adherence
 Coming to dialysis
  Easy 1.00 (referent) 1.00 (referent)
  Difficult 1.00 (0.46–2.19) 0.63 (0.33–1.20)
 Completing dialysis
  Easy 1.00 (referent) 1.00 (referent)
  Difficult 1.34 (0.64–2.83) 0.81 (0.45–1.48)
 Taking medications
  Easy 1.00 (referent) 1.00 (referent)
  Difficult 1.17 (0.50–2.78) 1.01 (0.53–1.93)
 Adhering to diet restrictions
  Easy 1.00 (referent) 1.00 (referent)
  Difficult 1.30 (0.65–2.59) 1.17 (0.71–1.92)
 Adhering to fluid restrictions
  Easy 1.00 (referent) 1.00 (referent)
  Difficult 1.67 (0.83–3.35) 1.08 (0.64–1.82)