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Table 1 Characteristics of study participants

From: Impact of diabetes on sarcopenia and mortality in patients undergoing hemodialysis

  Without sarcopenia With sarcopenia p
Number of participants (%) 184 (60%) 124 (40%)  
Gender (male/female) 116 (38%)/68 (22%) 69 (22%)/55 (18%) 0.237
Age (y) 54.4 ± 11.0 63.5 ± 11.0 <  0.001
Duration of HD (y) 6.0 ± 5.6 7.1 ± 6.7 0.213
BMI (kg/m2) 21.2 ± 2.8 19.4 ± 2.5 <  0.001
Diabetes (%) 50 (27%) 51 (41%) 0.015
Serum Albumin (g/dL) 4.1 ± 0.3 3.9 ± 0.3 <  0.001
BUN (mg/dL) 83.5 ± 13.6 78.4 ± 12.2 0.001
Serum Creatinine (mg/dL) 11.9 ± 2.6 9.9 ± 2.2 <  0.001
Phosphate (mg/dL) 6.2 ± 1.3 5.7 ± 1.1 <  0.001
Hemoglobin (g/dL) 8.9 ± 1.2 8.9 ± 1.2 0.848
HS (kg) 28.2 ± 9.6 15.7 ± 6.3 <  0.001
SMI (kg/m2) 6.17 ± 1.03 5.13 ± 0.72 <  0.001
CRP (mg/dL) 0.15 (0.10–0.46) 0.20 (0.12–0.72) 0.018
Kt/V 1.12 ± 0.24 1.20 ± 0.27 0.009
nPCR (g/kg per day) 1.05 ± 0.22 1.03 ± 0.21 0.662
  1. Data are expressed as numbers, percentages, mean ± standard deviation, or median (interquartile range)
  2. Abbreviations: H hemodialysis, BMI body mass index, BUN blood urea nitrogen, HS handgrip strength, SMI skeletal mass index, CRP C-reactive protein, nPCR normalized protein catabolic rate