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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of people with vs. without Gout

From: Gout is associated with a higher risk of chronic renal disease in older adults: a retrospective cohort study of U.S. Medicare population

  No Gout (N = 1,623,304) Gout (N = 76,309)
Age, Mean (SD) 75.3 (7.6) 74.9 (7.0)
Gender, N (%)
 Male 672,755 (41.4%) 44,740 (58.6%)
 Female 950,549 (58.6%) 31,569 (41.4%)
Race, N (%)
 White 1,403,749 (86.5%) 63,434 (83.1%)
 Black 128,197 (7.9%) 8585 (11.3%)
 Others 91,358 (5.6%) 4290 (5.6%)
Charlson-Romano comorbidity score2, Mean (SD) 1.5 (2.5) 2.0 (2.4)
Charlson-Romano comorbidity score, N (%)
 0 883,689 (54.4%) 28,407 (37.2%)
 1 163,358 (10.1%) 10,658 (14.0%)
  ≥ 2 576,257 (35.5%) 37,246 (48.8%)
Select Charlson-Romano comorbidities
 Myocardial Infarction 59,625 (3.7%) 4450 (5.8%)
 Heart Failure 172,489 (10.6%) 14,630 (19.2%)
 Peripheral vascular disease 148,616 (9.2%) 10,082 (13.2%)
 Cerebrovascular disease 152,599 (9.4%) 9046 (11.9%)
 Dementia 74,277 (4.6%) 1926 (2.5%)
 Chronic pulmonary disease 245,086 (15.1%) 15,297 (20.0%)
 Connective tissue disease 43,359 (2.7%) 3063 (4.0%)
 Peptic ulcer disease 29,277 (1.8%) 1923 (2.5%)
 Mild liver disease 7583 (0.5%) 533 (0.7%)
 Diabetes 280,819 (17.3%) 21,459 (28.1%)
 Diabetes with end organ damage 77,421 (4.8%) 5906 (7.7%)
 Hemiplegia 13,144 (0.8%) 634 (0.8%)
Hypertension 752,833 (46.4%) 53,555 (70.2%)
Hyperlipidemia 545,421 (33.6%) 37,898 (49.7%)
Coronary artery disease 267,429 (16.5%) 21,123 (27.7%)
Obesity 30,761 (1.9%) 3285 (4.3%)