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Table 2 Self-report VSP-A data for HD adolescents compared with the French population

From: Quality of life in adolescents with chronic kidney disease who initiate haemodialysis treatment

  HD adolescents Norms   
M ± SD M ± SD Diffa IC 95%
Energy-vitality 59.9 ± 3.6 69.7 ± 2.6 −9.8 [− 16.9; − 1.9]
Psychological well-being 68.2 ± 4.2 72.9 ± 2.9 −4.7 [− 12.4; 3.6]
RS with friends 56.6 ± 4.8 67.9 ± 3.4 − 11.3 [− 21.1; − 1.5]
Leisure activities 29.9 ± 4.6 55.7 ± 3.2 − 25.8 [− 34.6; − 16.1]
RS with parents 65.8 ± 4.6 59.4 ± 3.2 6.4 [− 2.3; 15.6]
Physical well-being 50.5 ± 3.7 72.2 ± 2.6 − 21.7 [− 28.9; − 14.1]
RS with teachers 66.3 ± 5.8 57.4 ± 4.1 8.9 [−2.4; 20.9]
School performance 60.8 ± 4.1 62.7 ± 2.9 − 1.9 [− 9.1; 5.7]
Body image 76.3 ± 5.1 75.4 ± 3.6 0.9 [− 9.1; 11.7]
Index bis 59.4 ± 2.1 65.9 ± 1.5 −6.5 [−10.6; −2.2]
RS with medical staff 79.3 ± 2.2    
Index 61.4 ± 2.1    
  1. M mean, SD standard deviation, HD haemodialysis, IC 95% 95% confidence interval of difference
  2. a Difference HD adolescents score - Norms score (sex- and gender-matched)
  3. RS relationships
  4. Bold value = significant value