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Table 1 Patient, vascular access and nurse characteristics

From: Variables associated with successful vascular access cannulation in hemodialysis patients: a prospective cohort study

Patient variables Mean (SD) Range
 Age (years) 68.3 (14.7) 30.1–90.9
 BMI (kg/m2) 27.3 (6.1) 14.4–64.7
  n (%)
 Sex Female 54 (36.2)
Male 95 (63.8)
 Co-morbidities Diabetes 81 (54.4)
Peripheral vascular disease 34 (22.8)
Heart disease 72 (48.3)
Hypertension 112 (75.2)
Hypotension 9 (6.0)
Smoker 7 (4.7)
 Medications Steroids 4 (2.7)
Immunosuppressant 5 (3.4)
Anticoagulant 13 (8.7)
PAI 12 (8.1)
Mean (SD) Range
 Age of access (years) 3.8 (4.0) 0.7–29.1
Median Interquartile range
2.4 1.6–5.2
  n (%)
 Type of Access Fistula 133 (89.3)
Graft 16 (10.7)
 AVF vessel Brachio-cephalic 78 (58.6)
Radio-cephalic 47 (35.3)
Brachio-basilic 6 (4.5)
 AVG location Upper arm 13 (81.2)
Lower arm 2 (12.5)
Thigh 1 (6.2)
Access revised in last 3 months Yes 14 (9.4)
No 120 (80.5)
 AVF Vessel Straight 95 (63.8)
Zig-zag 39 (26.2)
 Bifurcation Nil 84 (56.4)
Single 44 (29.5)
Multiple 14 (9.4)
 Aneurysm Yes 44 (29.5)
No 98 (65.8)
 Depth of Access Superficial 55 (36.9)
Palpable 73 (49.0)
Non-palpable 1 (0.7)
Nurse characteristics Mean (SD) Range
 Age 41.4 (9.8) 20–62
 Years as Registered Nurse 16.2 (9.8) 1–40
 Years as Hemodialysis nurse 9.8 (6.7) 0.4–30
  n (%)
 Employment Status Full time 31 (49.2)
Part time / Casual 31 (49.2)
 Sex Female 53 (84.1)
Male 10 (15.9)
 Highest Level of Education RN / BN 47 (74.6)
Postgraduate 15 (23.8)
 Job Title RN 49 (77.8)
CN / SDN 13 (20.6)
 Post graduate in renal nursing Yes 20 (31.7)
No 43 (68.3)
  1. RN Registered Nurse, BN Bachelor of Nursing, CN Clinical Nurse, SDN Staff Development Nurse, BMI Body mass index, PAI Platelet aggregation inhibitor, AVF Arterio-venous fistula