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Table 2 Hemodynamic response to non-pneumatic compression stockings. Hemodynamic parameters from healthy individuals (H), CKD patients (C) and participants receiving hemodialysis (D) are displayed. Data is related as a percent change from baseline (without compression garments)

From: Hemodynamic response to non-pneumatic anti-shock compression garments in patients with renal dysfunction

GroupHeart RateStroke VolumeCardiac OutputPeripheral ResistanceSystolic PressureMean Arterial PressureDiastolic Pressure
H1−0.9%−1.7%−2.7%5.8%1.0%1.3%2.7%
H2−3.3%20.2%16.8%−13.1%9.6%6.1%2.7%
H31.1%−1.5%2.5%4.7%1.5%0.4%0.5%
H4−8.4%−3.2%−4.1%14.5%3.2%4.3%6.1%
H54.2%−13.0%−9.4%21.8%2.8%5.3%8.1%
Mean−1.5%0.1%0.6%6.7%3.6%3.5%4.0%
St. Dev.4.8%12.0%10.0%13.0%3.0%3.0%3.0%
C18.2%−10.6%−8.8%17.8%6.2%5.6%8.6%
C2−0.5%−3.2%−3.0%11.6%3.5%5.4%4.9%
C3−1.0%−19.8%−20.6%47.1%−2.3%5.5%11.4%
C414.5%−16.5%−12.4%43.8%8.9%15.9%16.1%
C54.4%16.0%21.3%−11.1%15.1%10.1%5.5%
Mean5.1%−6.8%−4.7%21.8%6.3%8.5%9.3%
St. Dev.6.5%14.2%15.9%24.1%6.4%4.6%4.6%
D1−3.0%11.4%8.0%8.6%21.0%15.7%14.1%
D2−3.4%3.0%1.7%10.4%11.5%13.1%9.0%
D3−3.0%−7.8%−12.0%0.1%−16.9%−12.3%−9.9%
D4−3.8%17.7%19.2%−19.2%4.6%3.4%2.7%
D58.4%−15.7%−9.1%−12.5%−22.4%− 17.8%−15.9%
Mean−0.9%1.7%1.5%−2.5%−0.4%0.4%0.0%
St. Dev.5.3%13.6%12.7%13.0%18.6%15.0%12.6%