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Table 1 Baseline characteristics and clinical data of the healthy controls and ESRD patients with/without depression (mean ± standard deviation)

From: Application of 1H-MRS in end-stage renal disease with depression

CharacteristicsESRD patients with depression (n = 30)ESRD patients without depression (n = 27)Healthy controls (n = 32)
Age (years)33.4 ± 8.636.6 ± 9.336 ± 7.2
Gender (M/F)19/1117/1020/12
Cause of ESRD
 Diabetes mellitus, n (%)7/30 (23.3)5/27 (18.5)/
 Hypertension, n (%)4/30 (13.3)3/27 (11.1)/
Course of disease (months)47.2 ± 14.145.3 ± 13.7/
Dialysis time (months)20.6 ± 5.518.2 ± 6.7/
HAMD score27.1 ± 2.166.24 ± 1.885.42 ± 1.87
Hemoglobin (g/dL)11.0 ± 3.710.3 ± 1.912.6 ± 1.7
Glucose (mmol/L)6.79 ± 2.566.31 ± 2.045.2 ± 0.68
eGFR (mL/min/1.73 m2)5.72 ± 2.686.94 ± 2.81/
Kt/V1.7 ± 0.61.6 ± 0.3/